Adderall Abuse Increases Among High School Students
~The Partnership at Drugfree.org Responds to 2013 Monitoring the Future Study~
NEW YORK, Dec. 18, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The University of Michigan's Monitoring the Future Study (MTF), an annual survey tracking teen drug abuse among eighth-, 10th- and 12th- graders, shows an increase in the abuse of the prescription medicine Adderall among high school seniors in the U.S. over the past few years. Adderall is a prescribed stimulant that is commonly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD.
According to MTF, the past-year non-medical use of Adderall among American high school seniors has been steadily increasing since 2009 when abuse rates were 5.4 percent. In 2010 and 2011, past year Adderall abuse increased to 6.5 percent among 12th-graders, continued increasing to 7.6 percent in 2012 and is now at 7.4 percent in 2013.
"The rates of Adderall misuse and abuse among high school seniors remains unacceptably high and the new data make it very clear: the abuse of all prescription medicines is an immediate threat to the health of America's teens," said Steve Pasierb, President and CEO of The Partnership at Drugfree.org. "Another year of data and a harsh spotlight specifically on prescription stimulants must serve as a call to all families to address the issue of intentional medicine abuse. The risks are real and products with abuse potential surround our kids in our own homes. Every home with a child and every parent needs to take action. Monitor your prescriptions, educate your kids and dispose of old medicines."
He continued, "Medicine abuse is classified as an epidemic and is an entirely preventable adolescent and young adult health crisis. Recent media reports underscore the massive surge in the prescribing of prescription stimulants to our nation's children. Combine the existing daily damage from prescription opioid abuse together with a range of other medicines that are abused, and we ourselves have created this crisis. And only we can solve it by working together to put the focus on our youth to prevent intentional abuse and demand appropriate prescribing, along with other controls."
The 2013 MTF survey of approximately 41,600 youths in eighth, 10th and 12th grades shows mixed news regarding the abuse of other Rx medications. Along with the continued abuse of Adderall, in the past year:
- Only 2.3 percent of high school seniors report abuse of Ritalin, another ADHD medication.
- Abuse of the pain reliever Vicodin has shown a marked decrease in the last 10 years, now measured at 5.3 percent for high school seniors, compared to 10.5 percent in 2003.
- Only 5 percent of high school seniors report abusing cough products containing the active ingredient dextromethorphan (DXM), down from 6.9 percent in 2006, the first year DXM abuse was measured by the MTF survey.
Beyond Teen Rx Abuse: Anti-Marijuana Attitudes Eroding and High Rates of Marijuana Use
The new data also showed that teen perceptions of the harmfulness in marijuana use is down dramatically over the past two decades, and among older kids, those erosions in anti-marijuana attitudes are now at the absolute lowest levels they have been since the late 1970s, when MTF began tracking the trend. Research has consistently shown that the less risky a child believes a drug to be, the more likely he is to use it.
The MTF survey shows that the percentage of high school students who see great risk in regular marijuana use has decreased with only 39.5 percent of 12th-graders now viewing regular marijuana use as harmful. This is down notably from last year's rate of 44.1 percent and is considerably lower than rates from the last two decades. The study found that 6.5 percent of high school seniors smoke marijuana daily compared to 6 percent in 2003 and 2.4 percent in 1993.
Nearly 23 percent of seniors say they smoked marijuana in the month prior to the survey, and just over 36 percent say they smoked it during the past year. For 10th-graders, 4 percent say they use marijuana daily, with 18 percent reporting past month use and 29.8 percent reporting use in the previous year. More than 12 percent of eighth-graders say they used marijuana in the past year.
"Marijuana use – particularly beginning in adolescence – brings the risk of serious problems later in life, according to the latest science and our own data have shown it can lead to childhood involvement with alcohol and other drugs as well," said Pasierb. "Kids who begin using drugs or alcohol as young teens are more likely to struggle with substance use disorders when compared to those who use later in life. This is of particular concern because we know that 90 percent of adult addictions have roots in the teenage years."
Parents Weigh in on Legal Marijuana Use and Effects on Kids and Teens
A nationally representative survey released earlier this year by The Partnership at Drugfree.org found that even parents who support the legalization, decriminalization or medicalization of marijuana expect strict regulation of the substance's availability to kids and teens. While 40 percent of adults reported they are in favor of legalizing marijuana for recreational purposes, a majority of them oppose any form of legal marijuana for use among kids and teens. They believe that, like alcohol, it should only be legal for adults over the age of 21. The online study also found that despite shifting attitudes in support of marijuana legalization, the risks of marijuana – especially to young people – is a relevant topic that is of concern to parents and caregivers.
"We live in a reality where marijuana is now legalized for recreational use in the states of Colorado and Washington, and it's clear that society's views on marijuana are evolving dramatically," said Pasierb. "This research provides richer insight into what today's parents believe about marijuana, their thoughts on legalization and the risks it may pose to adolescents. The data bring to life the fact that parents – including the large number who favor legalization – have serious expectations that legal marijuana will be regulated and restricted to protect kids and teens, and that marijuana will not be mass marketed and turned into another industry designed to drive use of its product. The expectations expressed in the research far exceed how legal marijuana is being implemented. So the fact remains, whether marijuana is legal or not, much more needs to be done to protect the health of our children."
The Medicine Abuse Project Unites Stakeholders and Families to Curb Growing Teen Epidemic
With the ultimate goal of preventing half a million teens from abusing medicine by 2017, The Partnership at Drugfree.org and a cadre of 80+ nonprofit organizations and associations, seven Federal agencies, representatives of industry and beyond have come together to form The Medicine Abuse Project, a multi-year national mobilization program to help educate parents, teens and the public about the dangers of medicine abuse and unite all facets of society – especially teen influencers – to help end medicine abuse.
The Project aims to drive awareness and action, encouraging parents to safeguard the medications in their home, track quantities and talk with their families about the dangers of medicine abuse.
Since the launch of The Medicine Abuse Project, thousands of people have taken the Pledge to #endmedicineabuse and almost $20 million has been donated in television, radio, print and digital advertising time and space to support the initiative. Additionally, the campaign has generated over 200 million media impressions helping drive awareness about the health risks of medicine abuse.
Visit drugfree.org/MedicineAbuseProject and take the Pledge to become educated about this important health issue.
About The Partnership at Drugfree.org
Ninety percent of addictions start in the teenage years. The Partnership at Drugfree.org is dedicated to solving the problem of teen substance abuse. Together with experts in science, parenting and communications, the nonprofit translates research on teen behavior, addiction and treatment into useful and effective resources for both individuals and communities. Working toward a vision where all young people will be able to live their lives free of drug and alcohol abuse, The Partnership at Drugfree.org works with parents and other influencers to help them prevent and get help for drug and alcohol abuse by teens and young adults. The organization depends on donations from individuals, corporations, foundations and the public sector and is thankful to SAG-AFTRA and the advertising and media industries for their ongoing generosity. If you or someone you know is struggling with drug or alcohol abuse, please call The Parents Toll-Free Helpline at 1-855-DRUGFREE.
 National Survey on Drug Use and Health
SOURCE The Partnership at Drugfree.org