"According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), alcohol-impaired driving fatalities involving a driver with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08 or greater accounted for 30 percent of total motor vehicle crash fatalities in 2014, corresponding to 9,943 lives lost.", explains Ms. Tara Casanova Powell, Director of Research at TIRF USA. "However, fatality data from 2015 showed that 10,265 people died in alcohol-impaired driving fatalities, which is a 3.2 percent increase from 2014."
While drunk-driving fatalities decreased 51 percent from 1982 to 2015, it appears progress is being eroded. Results from this poll also reveal a significant increase in self-reported alcohol-impaired driving. To illustrate, 5.5 percent of respondents admitted to driving impaired often or very often in 2016, compared to 4.0 percent in 2015. Additionally, 11.7 percent of respondents admitted to driving when they thought they were over the legal limit one or more times within the previous 12 months in 2016, compared to 8.0 percent in 2015. Alcohol-impaired driving and young drivers impaired by alcohol were considered two of the most serious issues in the U.S. and showed a significant increase in concern from 2015. Overall, a majority of respondents (75 percent) said they are concerned about the issue of alcohol-impaired driving.
According to Dr. Ward Vanlaar, Chief Operating Officer of TIRF in Canada and a co-author of the study, "When we asked why respondents drove after drinking when they thought they were probably over the legal limit, 8.7 percent said they didn't think there was an alternative available to them and just under 44 percent answered they thought they were okay to drive, demonstrating the lack of awareness regarding the importance of using alternative solutions. As such, we believe an opportunity exists as our poll also showed a decrease in awareness of alcohol-impaired driving campaigns, suggesting tailored educational strategies would be beneficial."
Alternatives to driving such as using a designated driver on a night out with family or friends, or taking a taxi or public transportation where it is available are strategies used to eliminate alcohol-impaired driving. The poll asked respondents about their behaviors in this regard and revealed that 71 percent of U.S. drivers reported that they had been a designated driver, 63 percent always or nearly always use a designated driver, 47.2 percent have been driven home by a designated driver, 30.9 percent have used some other form of transportation such as a taxi or bus, and approximately 18.7 percent have used alternative ride share services such as Uber or Lyft. Casanova Powell explains that in absolute numbers, this corresponds to an estimated 142 million drivers aged 21 years or older who have been a designated driver, 94 million who have used a designated driver, 62 million who have used some other form of transportation and 37 million who have used alternative ride share services. To provide a more general picture, 54 percent of U.S. drivers reported either using a designated driver or alternative transportation (an estimated 108 million drivers aged 21 years or older) and 80 percent reported using a designated driver, being a designated driver, or using alternative transportation (an estimated 160 million drivers aged 21 years or older).
Casanova Powell says, "Although 98.5 percent of respondents reported they thought that having a designated driver is important when planning to go out and drinking will occur, the reported use of a designated driver is low. Even when drivers are aware of ride sharing programs or public transportation in their area, these programs are not widely used. The results from our poll suggest more focused strategies can encourage people to choose a safe ride home as an alternative to driving alcohol-impaired."
Click here to download: Alcohol-Impaired Driving in the United States. Results from the 2016 TIRF USA Road Safety Monitor.
About the poll. These results are based on the 2016 TIRF USA RSM, an annual public opinion survey developed and conducted by TIRF USA, in partnership with TIRF in Canada. A total of 5,050 U.S. drivers aged 21 years or older completed the poll in October of 2016. Results can be considered accurate within plus or minus 1.4 percent, 19 times out of 20. The data were stratified and weighted by sex, age, and region. The majority of the questions were answered using a scale from one to six where six indicated high agreement, concern, or support and one indicated low agreement, concern, or support, as well as numerous yes/no questions. All respondents completed the survey online.
About TIRF USA. The mission of the Traffic Injury Research Foundation USA, Inc. (TIRF USA) is to develop and share the knowledge that saves – preventing injuries and loss of life on American roads, reducing related social, health and insurance costs, and safeguarding productivity. TIRF USA is an independent road safety research institute that obtained 501(c)3 non-profit status in the U.S. in 2014 and is affiliated through an exchange of services agreement with TIRF in Canada, established in 1964. Visit us online at www.tirf.us or twitter.com/tirfusainc
About Anheuser-Busch. Anheuser-Busch and its employees build on a legacy of corporate social responsibility by focusing on three key areas: promoting alcohol responsibility, preserving and protecting the environment and supporting local communities. In the past three decades, Anheuser-Busch and its wholesalers have committed more than $1 billion in national advertising campaigns and community-based programs to encourage responsible drinking and prevent underage drinking and drunk driving. Anheuser-Busch reduced total water use at its breweries 32 percent over the last 5 years and by 45.5 percent over the last 10 years. The company has been a leading aluminum recycler for more than 30 years. Since 1997, Anheuser-Busch and its Foundation have invested in local communities through donations of more than $557 million to charitable organizations. The company also has provided more than 73 million cans of emergency drinking water to people impacted by natural and other disasters since 1988. Based in St. Louis, Anheuser-Busch, the leading American brewer, is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Anheuser-Busch InBev, the leading global brewer. For more information, visit www.anheuser-busch.com
SOURCE Traffic Injury Research Foundation USA, Inc.