VANCOUVER, Oct. 28, 2013 /PRNewswire/ - Cardiome Pharma Corp. (NASDAQ: CRME) (TSX: COM) today announced that the abstract, Conversion of Acute Atrial Fibrillation with Propafenone or Vernakalant, is being presented as an oral presentation by Dr. Diego Conde, Chief of Cardiovascular Emergency Care Section, Instituto Cardiovascular de Buenos Aires, at the Venice Arrhythmias meeting, being held in Venice, Italy, October 27-29, 2013. This abstract is competing for the Geographical Areas Special Best Abstract Award - Latin America. Cardiome is also providing an update on journal publications by Dr. Conde of comparative studies for intravenous (IV) vernakalant in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) versus other antiarrhythmic medications and electrical cardioversion.
"This series of publications led by Dr. Conde reinforces the key differentiating characteristics of vernakalant IV compared to other therapies available for conversion," stated Steen Juul-Möller, M.D., Medical Director at Cardiome Pharma Corp. "His real-life observations using vernakalant IV with respect to time required for therapeutic effect, efficacy, safety and length of stay in the emergency room are very encouraging."
"Our experience using vernakalant IV has been extremely satisfying," stated Diego Conde, M.D., Chief of Cardiovascular Emergency Care Section, Instituto Cardiovascular de Buenos Aires. "In our center, the use of oral propafenone or flecainide is fairly common. However, with the comparable efficacy and safety seen with vernakalant IV, coupled with a reduction in hospital length of stay, I believe vernakalant IV is a compelling and viable therapeutic option for the conversion of recent-onset AF in our institution."
In May 2013, the publication Propafenone Versus Vernakalant for Conversion of Recent-Onset Atrial Fibrillation authored by Dr. Conde et al., appeared in the advanced online article access of Cardiovascular Therapeutics, a peer reviewed medical journal, and represents the first study to compare these two agents.1 This study was an open label, sequential design study in patients with atrial fibrillation of less than 48 hours duration that contrasted treatment with vernakalant intravenous (N=17) to oral propafenone (N=19). Subjects received a single oral dose of 600 mg of propafenone or vernakalant IV in an initial dose of 3.0 mg/kg for 10 minutes and an additional 2 mg/kg if AF had not resolved within 15 minutes, which is in accordance with the approved dosage recommendation. Patients treated with vernakalant achieved conversion to normal sinus rhythm in a median time of 9 minutes versus 166 minutes in the propafenone group (p<0.01). Conversion rate was 78% in the propafenone group at 8 hours and 93% in the vernakalant group at 2 hours (p=NS). In addition to the more rapid time to cardioversion, patients treated with vernakalant IV experienced a significantly shorter hospital length of stay, 238 minutes versus 416 minutes (p<0.01) for patients treated with propafenone. There was one serious adverse event (transient bradycardia) in each treatment group.
Another publication titled Flecainide versus Vernakalant for Conversion of Recent-Onset Atrial Fibrillation authored by Dr. Conde et al., and published online in March 2013 in the peer-reviewed International Journal of Cardiology, showed that the time to conversion to sinus rhythm was 163 minutes in the flecainide group (300 mg single oral dose, N = 15) versus 10 minutes in the vernakalant IV group (labeled dose, N=17) (p<0.01) in patients with AF duration less than 48 hours.2 In this open-label study, patients treated with vernakalant IV experienced a significantly shorter hospital length of stay, 232 minutes versus 409 minutes (p<0.01) for the patients treated with flecainide. The conversion rate for patients treated with vernakalant at 2 hours was 86% compared to 78% for patients treated with flecainide at 8 hours (p=NS). There was one serious adverse event (transient bradycardia) in each treatment group.
Furthermore, a study in patients with AF of less than 48 hours duration who were treated with vernkalant IV had a statistically significant improvement in perception of state of health at 2 hours compared with propafenone or flecainide. Based on the EQ-5D quality of life (QoL) instrument, a mean increase of 12.1 points from baseline was seen in the vernakalant IV group while the mean increases were 5.4 points in the propafenone and 5.2 points in the flecainide group (p<0.01).3 These changes in QoL measured at 2 hours after treatment were consistent with the rapid conversion time seen in the vernakalant IV group. The full study is published online in the Cardiology Journal.
A short-communication authored by Dr. Conde et al., published online in the International Journal of Cardiology in July 2013, titled Vernakalant versus Electrical Cardioversion in Recent-Onset Atrial Fibrillation, concluded that the conversion rate of recent-onset AF and hospital length of stay was similar in patients treated with vernakalant or electrical cardioversion without statistical differences.4 The authors further stated that where electrical cardioversion protocols included the need for sedation and fasting for a minimum of 3 to 6 hours, vernakalant was found to be a safe and effective alternative to electrical cardioversion in this population. This observational study included hemodynamically stable, recent-onset AF of less than 48 hours duration without structural heart disease. Electrical cardioversion was performed in 30 patients and another 30 patients received the labeled dose of vernakalant IV. All electrical cardioversions were performed under sedation with intravenous propafol and with a minimum of 3 hours fasting. Conversion rate was 91% in the vernakalant group at 2 hours and 100% in the electrical cardioversion group (p=NS). Hospital length of stay was 246 minutes in the vernakalant group compared to 263 minutes in the electrical cardioversion group (p=NS). No adverse events were reported.
- Conde, D. et al. Propafenone versus vernakalant for conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation. Cardiovascular Therapeutics. Advance access published May 20, 2013, doi: 10.1111/1755-5922.12036
- Conde, D. et al. Flecainide versus vernakalant for conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation. International Journal of Cardiology. Advance access published Mar 21, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.02.006
- Conde, D. et al. Vernakalant: Perception of state of health in patients with a recent-onset atrial fibrillation. Cardiology Journal. Advance access published Jul 23, 2013, doi: 10.5603/CJ.a2013.0113
- Conde, D. et al. Vernakalant versus electrical cardioversion in recent-onset atrial fibrillation. International Journal of Cardiology. Advance Access published Jul 26, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.06.055
About Cardiome Pharma Corp.
Cardiome Pharma Corp. is a biopharmaceutical company dedicated to the discovery, development and commercialization of new therapies that will improve the health of patients around the world. Cardiome has one marketed product, BRINAVESSTM (vernakalant IV), approved in Europe and other territories for the rapid conversion of recent onset atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm in adults.
Cardiome is traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market (CRME) and the Toronto Stock Exchange (COM). For more information, please visit our web site at www.cardiome.com.
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SOURCE Cardiome Pharma Corp.