NASDAQ: CRME TSX: COM
VANCOUVER, May 11, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - Cardiome Pharma Corp. (NASDAQ: CRME / TSX: COM) today announced the publication of results from an open label, single-center, single-arm study conducted by independent researchers at the Hospital Arnau de Vilanova in Valencia, Spain, with the objective of reporting their experience of using BRINAVESS® in atrial fibrillation patients eligible to receive the drug in the emergency department setting between Jan 2014 to Dec 2015. Median duration of the atrial fibrillation episode was 4 (range: 1-118) hours. The study authors, Cosin-Sales J. et al., found that in a total of 52 treatments (n= 47, of which 5 received BRINAVESS in 2 separate visits) with BRINAVESS, conversion to sinus rhythm was successful in 86% of the attempts. The median time to conversion was 8 minutes, which led to a short stay in the Emergency Department (mean 5.3 [range: 2-18] hours). These results were published online on April 28, 2016, in a Letter to the Editor in the journal Revista Española de Cardiologia.1
Additional study findings:
- Elevated heart rate on the first electrocardiogram at arrival was independently associated with successful cardioversion (p=0.034).
- Presence of structural heart disease was non-significantly associated with low success rates (p=0.084).
- 5 patients experienced mild, transient adverse effects including self-limiting cough and nausea (n=2), dysgeusia (n=1), self-limiting atrial flutter (n=1), and sustained ventricular tachycardia (n=1, BRINAVESS infusion was maintained with subsequent conversion to sinus rhythm).
"We are excited that the BRINAVESS study by Cosin-Sales demonstrated similar efficacy and safety results to other real-world setting publications," said Kiran Bhirangi, M.D., Cardiome's Head of Medical Affairs. "These results are a welcome addition to the growing literature of BRINAVESS, particularly its use in the emergency department. This study shows that in the patient profile as identified by the authors and using BRINAVESS according to the label instructions, the drug continues to perform as expected resulting in rapid discharge from the emergency department. We thank the investigators from the Hospital Arnau de Vilanova for initiating this study to learn first-hand how BRINAVESS could positively impact their treatment of patients suffering from recent-onset atrial fibrillation and sharing their findings with colleagues globally."
There was no financial or manuscript support from Cardiome Pharma Corp., or any of its subsidiaries, during any stage of this trial.
- Cosin-Sales J, et al. Real-world Data on the Efficacy of Vernakalant for Pharmacological Cardioversion in Patients With Recent-onset Atrial Fibrillation. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2016.02.021
BRINAVESS (vernakalant HCl) is an antiarrhythmic medicine that has relatively atrial selective effects on the heart causing prolonged atrial selective refractoriness and rate dependent slowing of atrial conduction. BRINAVESS is approved for marketing in Europe and several other countries. In Europe it is approved for the rapid conversion of recent onset atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm in adults: 1) for non-surgery patients: atrial fibrillation ≤ 7 days duration; and 2) for post-cardiac surgery patients: atrial fibrillation ≤ 3 days duration. Patients with following conditions should not be infused with BRINAVESS (contraindications): hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients, patients with severe aortic stenosis, systolic blood pressure < 100 mm Hg, heart failure class NYHA III and NYHA IV, prolonged QT at baseline (uncorrected > 440 msec), severe bradycardia, sinus node dysfunction or second degree and third degree heart block in the absence of a pacemaker; use of intravenous rhythm control antiarrhythmics (class I and class III) within 4 hours prior to, as well as in the first 4 hours after, BRINAVESS administration; or acute coronary syndrome (including myocardial infarction) within the last 30 days.
Cases of serious hypotension have been reported during and immediately following BRINAVESS infusion. Patients should be carefully observed for the entire duration of the infusion and for at least 15 minutes after completion of the infusion with assessment of vital signs and continuous cardiac rhythm monitoring. If sudden drop in blood pressure or heart rate, ECG changes such as complete AV block, significant QT interval changes or ischemic changes or ventricular arrhythmia occurs during the first infusion, patient should not receive the second infusion. Patients with CHF showed higher incidence of hypotension and ventricular arrhythmias within first two hours of the infusion. Based on data from 1,018 patients in eight phase 2 and phase 3 trials, the most commonly reported adverse reactions (> 5%) seen in the first 24 hours after receiving BRINAVESS were dysgeusia (taste disturbance) (16.0%), sneezing (12.5%), and paraesthesia (6.9%).
BRINAVESS is not approved for sale in the United States.
About Cardiome Pharma Corp.
Cardiome Pharma Corp. is a specialty pharmaceutical company dedicated to the development and commercialization of innovative therapies that will improve the quality of life and health of patients suffering from disease. Cardiome has two marketed, in-hospital, cardiology products, BRINAVESS® (vernakalant IV), approved in Europe and other territories for the rapid conversion of recent onset atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm in adults, and AGGRASTAT® (tirofiban HCl) a reversible GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor indicated for use in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Cardiome also commercializes ESMOCARD® and ESMOCARD LYO® (esmolol hydrochloride), a short-acting beta-blocker used to control rapid heart rate in a number of cardiovascular indications, on behalf of their partner AOP Orphan Pharma in select European markets. Cardiome has also licensed: XYDALBA™ (dalbavancin hydrochloride), a second generation, semi-synthetic lipoglycopeptide approved in the EU for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) in adults for select European and Middle Eastern nations and Canada from Allergan; and TREVYENT®, a development stage drug device combination that is under development for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension for Europe, the Middle East and for Canadian markets from SteadyMed Therapeutics.
Cardiome is traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market (CRME) and the Toronto Stock Exchange (COM). For more information, please visit our web site at www.cardiome.com.
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SOURCE Cardiome Pharma Corp.