Census Bureau News -- Profile America Facts for Features: Profile America Facts for Features: Women's History Month: March 2013

WASHINGTON, Feb. 7, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- National Women's History Month's roots go back to March 8, 1857, when women from New York City factories staged a protest over working conditions. International Women's Day was first observed in 1909, but it wasn't until 1981 that Congress established National Women's History Week to be commemorated the second week of March. In 1987, Congress expanded the week to a month. Every year since, Congress has passed a resolution for Women's History Month, and the President has issued a proclamation.

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158.3 million 
The number of females in the United States in 2011. The number of males was 153.3 million.
Source: Population Estimates: 2011, Table NC_EST2011_01
http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/asrh/2011/index.html

At 65 and older, there were 13.3 percent more women than men in 2011.
Source: Population Estimates: 2011, Table NC_EST2011_01
http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/asrh/2011/index.html

Jobs

57.7%
Percentage of females 16 and older who participated in the labor force, representing about
72.6 million women in 2012.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Table A-2 http://www.bls.gov/cps/home.htm

41.7%
Percent of employed females 16 and older who worked in management, professional and related occupations, compared with 35.1 percent of employed males in December 2012.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Table A-19
http://www.bls.gov/cps/home.htm

Military 

204,973
Total number of active duty women in the military, as of Nov. 30, 2012. Of that total,
38,378 women were officers, and 164,021 were enlisted.
Source: U.S. Department of Defense, Selected Manual Statistics, annual, and unpublished data.

Earnings

$37,118
The median annual earnings of women 15 or older who worked year-round, full time in 2011. In comparison, the median annual earnings of men were $48,202
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2011, Page 7 & 11.
http://www.census.gov/prod/2012pubs/p60-243.pdf

0.77
The female-to-male earnings ratio in 2011. The number of men and women with earnings who worked year-round in 2011 was not statistically different from the ratio in 2010.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2011, Page 12.
http://www.census.gov/prod/2012pubs/p60-243.pdf

Education

31.4 million
Number of women 25 and older with a bachelor's degree or more in 2011, higher than the corresponding number for men (30 million). Women had a larger share of high school diplomas (including equivalents), as well as associate, bachelor's and master's degrees. More men than women had a professional or doctoral degree.
Source: Educational Attainment in the United States: 2011, Table 3
http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/2011/tables.html

30.1% 
Percent of women 25 and older who had obtained a bachelor's degree or more as of 2011. Source: Educational Attainment in the United States: 2011, Table 3
http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/2011/tables.html

11.3 million
Number of college students in fall 2011 who were women age 15 and older. 
Source: School Enrollment in the United States: 2011, Table 5
http://www.census.gov/hhes/school/data/cps/2011/tables.html

Businesses

$1.2 trillion                                          
Revenue for women-owned businesses in 2007.
Source: 2007 Survey of Business Owners
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/SBO/2007/00CSA01

7.8 million
The number of women-owned businesses in 2007.
Source: 2007 Survey of Business Owners
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/SBO/2007/00CSA01

7.5 million
Number of people employed by women-owned businesses in 2007.

Nearly half of all women-owned businesses (45.9 percent) operated in repair and maintenance; personal and laundry services; health care and social assistance; and professional, scientific and technical services. Women-owned businesses accounted for 52.0 percent of all businesses operating in the health care and social assistance sector.
Source: 2007 Survey of Business Owners
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/SBO/2007/00CSA01

4
Number of states with at least 500,000 women-owned businesses in 2007 was California, Texas, New York and Florida. California had 1,039,208 women-owned businesses or 13.3 percent of all women-owned businesses in the United States, Texas had 609,947 or 7.8 percent, New York had 594,517 or 7.6 percent, and Florida had 581,096, or 7.5 percent.
Source: 2007 Survey of Business Owners
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/SBO/2007/00CSA01

Voting

46.2%
Percentage of female citizens 18 and older who reported voting in the 2010 congressional election. 44.8 percent of their male counterparts cast a ballot. Additionally, 66.6 percent of female citizens reported being registered to vote.
Source: Voting and Registration in the Election of November 2010, Table 1
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/socdemo/voting/publications/p20/2010/tables.html

Motherhood

85.4 million
Estimated number of mothers in the United States in 2009.
Source: Unpublished data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, 2008

1.9
Average number of children that women 40 to 44 had given birth to as of 2010, down from
3.1 children in 1976, the year the Census Bureau began collecting such data.
Source: Fertility of American Women: 2010 table 2 and Historical table 2 http://www.census.gov/hhes/fertility/data/cps/

The percentage of women in this age group who had given birth was 81 percent in 2010, down from 90 percent in 1976.
Source: Fertility of American Women: 2010 table 1 and Historical table 2 http://www.census.gov/hhes/fertility/data/cps/

Marriage

64.9 million
Number of married women 18 and older (including those who were separated or had an absent spouse) in 2011.
Source: Families and Living Arrangements: 2011, Table A1
http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam/cps2011.html

5.1 million
Number of stay-at-home mothers nationwide in 2012.
Source: Families and Living Arrangements: 2012, Table FG8
http://www.census.gov/hhes/families

Following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau's Facts for Features series:

African-American History Month (February)

Labor Day

Super Bowl

Grandparents Day

Valentine's Day (Feb. 14)

Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15-Oct. 15)

Women's History Month (March)

Unmarried and Single Americans Week

Irish-American Heritage Month (March)

Halloween (Oct. 31)

/St. Patrick's Day (March 17)

American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month

Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (May)

(November)

Older Americans Month (May)

Veterans Day (Nov. 11)

Cinco de Mayo (May 5)

Thanksgiving Day

Mother's Day

The Holiday Season (December)

Hurricane Season Begins (June 1)


Father's Day


The Fourth of July (July 4)


Anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act (July 26)


Editor's note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines. For any information cited for the Statistical Abstract, users should check with the originating organization to see whether the data presented here have been superseded by more recent data. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau's Public Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030;  or e-mail: pio@census.gov.      

CB13-FF.04

Contact: Public Information Office
301-763-3030
pio@census.gov

SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau



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