CP reports record Q3-2013 net income of C$324 million or C$1.84 per diluted share

Adjusted EPS, excluding a significant tax item, was C$1.88

CALGARY, Oct. 23, 2013 /PRNewswire/ - Canadian Pacific Railway Limited (TSX: CP) (NYSE: CP) today announced record quarterly earnings and its lowest operating ratio in company history.

Adjusted EPS of $1.88 grew 45 per cent over third-quarter 2012, while third-quarter operating ratio was 65.9 per cent, an 820 basis point improvement over third-quarter 2012.

"By all standards, this was an outstanding quarter," said E. Hunter Harrison, Chief Executive Officer. "The company's focus on service execution while controlling costs is a testament to our team of dedicated, hardworking railroaders."

"What we have proven this quarter is the ability to drive earnings growth and lower our operating ratio, even in a softer volume environment.  That's the power of the CP plan," added Harrison.

THIRD-QUARTER 2013 HIGHLIGHTS:

  • Total revenues were $1.5 billion; an increase of 6 per cent and an all-time quarterly record
  • Operating expenses were $1 billion; a decrease of 6 per cent
  • Reported net income in the third quarter was $324 million; an increase of 45 per cent
  • Adjusted net income, excluding a significant tax item of $7 million, was $331 million; an increase of 48 per cent
  • Free cash totaled $318 million for the first nine months of 2013, compared with free cash of $21 million in the comparable period of 2012

"We enter the fourth quarter with momentum and are well positioned for what I believe will be a record 2013," said Harrison. "CP's transformational journey is clearly ahead of plan, yet far from complete; we will continue to make this franchise stronger, creating even more value for customers and shareholders."

CP also announced today that its chief financial officer, Brian Grassby will be retiring from the company, however will remain a key part of the senior management team until year-end to lead a successful transition.  A search process is currently underway and it is expected an announcement on a new chief financial officer will be made shortly. 

"Brian has played an important role over the past 16 months in CP's turnaround agenda," said Harrison. "On behalf of all our employees and the board, I'd like to thank Brian for his 12 years of dedicated service to the railway and wish him well in his retirement." 

Editor's Note
CP will discuss its results with the financial community in a conference call beginning at 11:00 a.m. Eastern time (9:00 a.m. Mountain time) on October 23, 2013.

Conference call access
Toronto participants dial in number: (647) 427-7450
Operator assisted toll free dial in number: 1-888-231-8191
Callers should dial in 10 minutes prior to the call.

Webcast
For those with Internet access we encourage you to listen via CP's website at www.cpr.ca. To access the webcast and the presentation material, click on "Invest In CP" tab.

A replay of the conference call will be available by phone through November 20, 2013 at 416-849-0833 or toll free 1-855-859-2056, password 71215878. A webcast of the presentation and an audio file will be available at www.cpr.ca under "Invest In CP" tab.

Non-GAAP Measures
We present non-GAAP measures and cash flow information to provide a basis for evaluating underlying earnings and liquidity trends in our business that can be compared with the results of our operations in prior periods. These non-GAAP measures exclude significant items that are not among our normal ongoing revenues and operating expenses. They have no standardized meaning and are not defined by GAAP and, therefore, are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies.

Income, excluding significant items, also referred to as Adjusted income, provides management with a measure of income that allows a multi-period assessment of long-term profitability and also allows management and other external users of our consolidated financial statements to compare profitability on a long-term basis with that of our peers. Diluted earnings per share, excluding significant items, also referred to as Adjusted EPS, provides the same information on a per share basis.

Free cash is used by management to provide information with respect to the relationship between cash provided by operating activities and investment decisions and provides a comparable measure for period to period changes.

For further information regarding non-GAAP measures, including reconciliation to the nearest GAAP measures, see our 2012 annual Management's Discussion and Analysis or the document Non-GAAP Measures on our web site at www.cpr.ca.

Note on Forward-Looking Information
This news release contains certain forward-looking statements relating but not limited to our operations, anticipated financial performance, planned capital expenditures, and business prospects.  Undue reliance should not be placed on forward-looking information as actual results may differ materially.

By its nature, CP's forward-looking information involves numerous assumptions, inherent risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to the following factors: changes in business strategies; general North American and global economic, credit and business conditions; risks in agricultural production such as weather conditions and insect populations; the availability and price of energy commodities; the effects of competition and pricing pressures; industry capacity; shifts in market demand; inflation; changes in laws and regulations, including regulation of rates; changes in taxes and tax rates; potential increases in maintenance and operating costs; uncertainties of investigations, proceedings or other types of claims and litigation; labour disputes; risks and liabilities arising from derailments; transportation of dangerous goods; timing of completion of capital and maintenance projects; currency and interest rate fluctuations; effects of changes in market conditions and discount rates on the financial position of pension plans and investments; and various events that could disrupt operations, including severe weather, droughts, floods, avalanches and earthquakes as well as security threats and governmental response to them, and technological changes.  Other risks are detailed from time to time in reports filed by CP with securities regulators in Canada and the United States.  Reference should be made to "Management's Discussion and Analysis" in CP's annual and interim reports, Annual Information Form and Form 40-F. Except as required by law, CP undertakes no obligation to update publicly or otherwise revise any forward-looking information, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

About Canadian Pacific
Canadian Pacific (TSX:CP)(NYSE: CP) is a transcontinental railway in Canada and the United States with direct links to eight major ports, including Vancouver and Montreal, providing North American customers a competitive rail service with access to key markets in every corner of the globe. CP is a low-cost provider that is growing with its customers, offering a suite of freight transportation services, logistics solutions and supply chain expertise. Visit cpr.ca to see the rail advantages of Canadian Pacific.


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME     
(in millions of Canadian dollars, except per share data)
(unaudited)

        For the three months     For the nine months
        ended September 30     ended September 30
        2013      2012      2013      2012 
Revenues                      
  Freight $ 1,495    $ 1,414    $ 4,412    $ 4,086 
  Other   39      37      114      107 
Total revenues   1,534      1,451      4,526      4,193 
Operating expenses                      
  Compensation and benefits   331      371      1,075      1,128 
  Fuel   226      232      742      743 
  Materials   54      57      184      178 
  Equipment rents   44      52      134      158 
  Depreciation and amortization   139      137      421      399 
  Purchased services and other   216      226      664      698 
Total operating expenses   1,010      1,075      3,220      3,304 
                         
Operating income   524      376      1,306      889 
Less:                      
  Other income and charges           11      34 
  Net interest expense    70      69      208      207 
                           
Income before income tax expense   454      305      1,087      648 
                           
Income tax expense (Note 5)   130      81      294      179 
Net income $ 324    $ 224    $ 793    $ 469 
                         
                         
Earnings per share (Note 6)                      
  Basic earnings per share $ 1.85    $ 1.31    $ 4.54    $ 2.74 
  Diluted earnings per share $ 1.84    $ 1.30    $ 4.50    $ 2.72 
                           
Weighted-average number of shares (millions)                      
  Basic   175.1      172.2      174.8      171.3 
  Diluted   176.5      173.4      176.3      172.6 
                           
Dividends declared per share $ 0.3500    $ 0.3500    $ 1.0500    $ 1.0000 
                           
See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.                      
                       
 



                     
                           

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
(unaudited)

             
  For the three months     For the nine months
        ended September 30     ended September 30
        2013      2012      2013      2012 
                       
                             
Net income $ 324    $ 224    $ 793    $ 469 
                             
  Net gain (loss) in foreign currency translation                       
    adjustments, net of hedging activities       14      (1)     12 
                             
  Change in derivatives designated as cash flow hedges   -             11 
                             
  Change in defined benefit pension and post-retirement plans   50      53      299      161 
                             
  Other comprehensive income before income taxes   52      76      298      184 
                             
  Income tax expense on above items   (22)     (30)     (63)     (58)
                             
Other comprehensive income (Note 3)   30      46      235      126 
                             
Comprehensive income $ 354    $ 270    $ 1,028    $ 595 
                           
                             
See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.                      





CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
(unaudited)

      September 30   December 31
      2013    2012 
Assets          
Current assets          
  Cash and cash equivalents  $ 329    $ 333 
  Restricted cash and cash equivalents (Note 4)   261     
  Accounts receivable, net   594      546 
  Materials and supplies   158      136 
  Deferred income taxes   294      254 
  Other current assets   73      60 
        1,709      1,329 
               
Investments (Note 4)   177      83 
Properties   13,493      13,013 
Goodwill and intangible assets   166      161 
Other assets   189      141 
Total assets $ 15,734    $ 14,727 
             
Liabilities and shareholders' equity          
Current liabilities          
  Accounts payable and accrued liabilities $ 1,074    $ 1,176 
  Long-term debt maturing within one year   177      54 
        1,251      1,230 
               
Pension and other benefit liabilities (Note 9)   1,036      1,366 
Other long-term liabilities   329      306 
Long-term debt   4,591      4,636 
Deferred income taxes   2,499      2,092 
Total liabilities   9,706      9,630 
             
Shareholders' equity          
  Share capital   2,221      2,127 
  Additional paid-in capital    35      41 
  Accumulated other comprehensive loss (Note 3)   (2,533)     (2,768)
  Retained earnings   6,305      5,697 
      6,028      5,097 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $ 15,734    $ 14,727 
               
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)          
See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.          
   



CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
(unaudited)

          For the three months   For the nine months
          ended September 30   ended September 30
            2013      2012      2013      2012 
Operating activities                      
  Net income $ 324    $ 224    $ 793    $ 469 
    Reconciliation of net income to cash provided by                      
    operating activities:                      
      Depreciation and amortization   139      137      421      399 
      Deferred income taxes (Note 5)   110      68      260      162 
      Pension funding in excess of expense (Note 9)   (17)     (14)     (40)     (44)
      Other operating activities, net     (21)     (58)     (40)     (81)
      Change in non-cash working capital balances related to                       
      operations    (31)     (25)     (103)     (46)
Cash provided by operating activities   504      332      1,291      859 
                               
Investing activities                      
  Additions to properties   (298)     (287)     (802)     (812)
  Proceeds from the sale of properties and other assets   11      76      38      138 
  Change in restricted cash and cash equivalents and
investments used to collateralize letters of credit (Note 4)
  (247)         (346)    
  Other (Note 10)   (1)         (27)     (1)
Cash used in investing activities   (535)     (211)     (1,137)     (675)
                               
Financing activities                      
  Dividends paid   (62)     (60)     (183)     (162)
  Issuance of common shares       81      69      136 
  Issuance of long-term debt               71 
  Repayment of long-term debt   (19)     (16)     (45)     (41)
  Net decrease in short-term borrowing               (27)
Cash (used in) provided by  financing activities   (75)         (159)     (23)
                               
Effect of foreign currency fluctuations on U.S. dollar-                      
denominated cash and cash equivalents   (7)     (1)         (1)
Cash position                      
  (Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents   (113)     125      (4)     160 
  Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period    442      82      333      47 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 329    $ 207    $ 329    $ 207 
                               
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:                      
  Income taxes paid (refunded)   $ 16    $ (1)   $ 27    $ (8)
  Interest paid $ 58    $ 60    $ 209    $ 194 
                               
See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.                      
                               


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
(in millions of Canadian dollars, except common share amounts)
(unaudited)

                           
    Common           Accumulated        
    shares       Additional other     Total
    (in   Share paid-in comprehensive Retained shareholders'
    millions)   capital capital loss earnings equity
Balance at January 1, 2013 173.9    $ 2,127   $ 41  (2,768) 5,697  5,097 
Net income            793    793 
Other comprehensive income (Note 3)         235      235 
Dividends declared           (185)   (185)
Effect of stock-based compensation expense       14        14 
Shares issued under stock option plans 1.3      94    (20)       74 
Balance at September 30, 2013 175.2    $ 2,221   $ 35  (2,533)  $ 6,305   $ 6,028 
                           
                           
    Common           Accumulated        
    shares       Additional other     Total
    (in   Share paid-in comprehensive Retained shareholders'
    millions)   capital capital loss earnings equity
Balance at January 1, 2012 170.0    $ 1,854   $ 86  (2,736) 5,445     4,649 
Net income            469    469 
Other comprehensive income (Note 3)         126      126 
Dividends declared           (172)   (172)
Effect of stock-based compensation expense       21        21 
Shares issued under stock option plans 2.8      188    (50)       138 
Balance at September 30, 2012 172.8    $ 2,042   $ 57  (2,610)   5,742  5,231 
                           
                           
See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.    
                           

CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY LIMITED 
NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
September 30, 2013
(unaudited)

1  Basis of presentation

These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of Canadian Pacific Railway Limited ("CP", or "the Company") reflect management's estimates and assumptions that are necessary for their fair presentation in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP").  They do not include all disclosures required under GAAP for annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the 2012 consolidated financial statements.  The accounting policies used are consistent with the accounting policies used in preparing the 2012 consolidated financial statements with the addition of disclosure on Restricted cash and cash equivalents in Note 4 to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

CP's operations can be affected by seasonal fluctuations such as changes in customer demand and weather-related issues.  This seasonality could impact quarter-over-quarter comparisons.

In management's opinion, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly such information.  Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the fiscal year.

2 Accounting changes

Accumulated other comprehensive income

In February 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2013-02, Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, an amendment to FASB ASC Topic 220. The update requires disclosure of amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. In addition, an entity is required to present either on the face of the statement of operations or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by the respective line items of net income but only if the amount reclassified is required to be reclassified to net income in its entirety in the same reporting period. For amounts not reclassified in their entirety to net income, an entity is required to cross-reference to other disclosures that provide additional detail about those amounts. This ASU is effective prospectively for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2012. The disclosure requirements of this ASU for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 are presented in Note 3.

3  Changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss (AOCL) by component

  For the three months ended September 30 For the nine months ended September 30
(in millions of Canadian dollars) Foreign
currency
net of
hedging
activities(1)
Derivatives
and other(1)
Pension
and post-
retirement
defined
benefit
plans(1)(2)
Total(1) Foreign
currency
net of
hedging
activities(1)
Derivatives
and other(1)
Pension
and post-
retirement
defined
benefit
plans(1)(2)
Total(1)
Opening balance, 2013 $ 94 $ (14) $ (2,643) $ (2,563) $ 74 $ (14) $ (2,828) $ (2,768)
                 
Other comprehensive income
(loss) before reclassifications
(7) (7) - (14) 13 8 102 123
                 
Amounts reclassified from
accumulated other
comprehensive (income) loss
- 7 37 44 - (8) 120 112
                 
Net current-period other
comprehensive income (loss)
(7) - 37 30 13 - 222 235
                 
Closing balance, 2013 $ 87 $ (14) $ (2,606) $ (2,533) $ 87 $ (14) $ (2,606) $ (2,533)
                 
Opening balance, 2012 $ 71 $ (18) $ (2,709) $ (2,656) $ 72 $ (20) $ (2,788) $ (2,736)
                 
Other comprehensive income
(loss) before reclassifications
(1) (1) - (2) (2) 2 - -
                 
Amounts reclassified from
accumulated other
comprehensive loss
- 8 40 48 - 7 119 126
                 
Net current-period other
comprehensive income (loss)
(1) 7 40 46 (2) 9 119 126
                 
Closing balance, 2012 $ 70 $ (11) $ (2,669) $ (2,610) $ 70 $ (11) $ (2,669) $ (2,610)


             
  For the three months
ended September 30
For the nine months
ended September 30
   
         
  2013  2012  2013  2012     
Amortization of prior service costs(3) $ (18) $ -  $ (41) $ 1     
Recognition of net actuarial loss(3) 68  54  205  160     
Total before income tax 50 54 164 161    
Income tax benefit (13) (14) (44) (42)    
Net of income tax $ 37 $ 40 $ 120 $ 119    

(1) Amounts are presented net of tax.
(2) Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss.
(3) Impacts Compensation and benefits on the Consolidated Statements of Income.

4  Restricted cash and cash equivalents

During the second and third quarters of 2013, the Company entered into a series of committed and uncommitted bilateral letter of credit facility agreements with financial institutions to support its requirement to post letters of credit in the ordinary course of business. These agreements have varying expiries with the earliest expiry in August 2014.  Under these agreements, the Company either is required to or has the option to post collateral in the form of cash or cash equivalents, equal at least to the face value of the letter of credit issued.  Collateral includes highly liquid investments purchased three months or less from maturity and is stated at cost, which approximates market value.  Depending on the agreement and the nature of the letter of credit, this collateral may be shown separately as "Restricted cash and cash equivalents" or included in "Investments" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

At September 30, 2013, under its bilateral facilities, the Company had letters of credit drawn of $376 million from a total available amount of $485 million.  Prior to these bilateral agreements, letters of credit were drawn under the Company's $1.0 billion revolving credit facility.  At September 30, 2013, cash and cash equivalents of $346 million was pledged as collateral and recorded as $261 million in "Restricted cash and cash equivalents" and as $85 million in "Investments" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company can largely withdraw this collateral during any month.

5  Income taxes

During the third quarter of 2013, legislation was enacted to increase the province of British Columbia's corporate income tax rate. As a result, the Company recalculated its deferred income taxes as at January 1, 2013 based on this change and recorded an income tax expense of $7 million in the third quarter of 2013.

  For the three months   For the nine months
  ended September 30   ended September 30
(in millions of Canadian dollars) 2013    2012    2013    2012 
Current income tax expense  $ 20    $ 13    $ 34    $ 17 
Deferred income tax expense    110      68      260      162 
Income tax expense  $ 130    $ 81    $ 294    $ 179 

The effective income tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 was 28.6% and 27.1%, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 - 26.6% and 27.6%, respectively).  The changes in tax rates were primarily due to the impact of a change in the province of British Columbia's corporate income tax rate, which was partially offset by the benefit recognized for the 2012 U.S. federal track maintenance credit of $6 million enacted in the first quarter of 2013.

6  Earnings per share

At September 30, 2013, the number of shares outstanding was 175.2 million (September 30, 2012 - 172.8 million).

Basic earnings per share have been calculated using net income for the period divided by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the period.

The number of shares used in earnings per share calculations is reconciled as follows:

    For the three months   For the nine months  
    ended September 30   ended September 30  
  (in millions) 2013    2012    2013    2012   
  Weighted-average shares outstanding 175.1    172.2    174.8    171.3   
  Dilutive effect of stock options 1.4    1.2    1.5    1.3   
  Weighted-average diluted shares outstanding  176.5    173.4    176.3    172.6   

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, there were 8,800 options and 38,872 options, respectively, excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because their effects were not dilutive (three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 - no options and  208,667 options, respectively).

7  Financial instruments

A.     Fair values of financial instruments

The Company categorizes its financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value in line with the fair value hierarchy established by GAAP that prioritizes, with respect to reliability, the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value.  This hierarchy consists of three broad levels.  Level 1 inputs consist of quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities and have the highest priority.  Level 2 and 3 inputs are based on significant other observable inputs and significant unobservable inputs, respectively, and have lower priorities.

When possible, the estimated fair value is based on quoted market prices and, if not available, estimates from third party brokers.  For non-exchange traded derivatives classified in Level 2, the Company uses standard valuation techniques to calculate fair value.  Primary inputs to these techniques include observable market prices (interest, foreign exchange and commodity) and volatility, depending on the type of derivative and nature of the underlying risk.  The Company uses inputs and data used by willing market participants when valuing derivatives and considers its own credit default swap spread as well as those of its counterparties in its determination of fair value.

The carrying values of financial instruments equal or approximate their fair values with the exception of long-term debt which has a fair value of approximately $5,482 million and a carrying value of $4,768 million at September 30, 2013.  At December 31, 2012, long-term debt had a fair value of $5,688 million and a carrying value of $4,690 million.  The estimated fair value of current and long-term borrowings has been determined based on market information where available, or by discounting future payments of interest and principal at estimated interest rates expected to be available to the Company at period end.  All derivatives and long-term debt are classified as Level 2.

B.   Financial risk management

Derivative financial instruments may be used to selectively reduce volatility associated with fluctuations in interest rates, foreign exchange ("FX") rates, the price of fuel and stock-based compensation expense.  Where derivatives are designated as hedging instruments, the relationship between the hedging instruments and their associated hedged items is documented, as well as the risk management objective and strategy for the use of the hedging instruments.  This documentation includes linking the derivatives that are designated as fair value or cash flow hedges to specific assets or liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet, commitments or forecasted transactions.  At the time a derivative contract is entered into and at least quarterly thereafter, an assessment is made whether the derivative item is effective in offsetting the changes in fair value or cash flows of the hedged items.  The derivative qualifies for hedge accounting treatment if it is effective in substantially mitigating the risk it was designed to address.

It is not the Company's intent to use financial derivatives or commodity instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Foreign exchange management
The Company conducts business transactions and owns assets in both Canada and the United States.  As a result, the Company is exposed to fluctuations in value of financial commitments, assets, liabilities, income or cash flows due to changes in FX rates.  The Company may enter into foreign exchange risk management transactions primarily to manage fluctuations in the exchange rate between Canadian and U.S. currencies.  FX exposure is primarily mitigated through natural offsets created by revenues, expenditures and balance sheet positions incurred in the same currency.  Where appropriate, the Company may negotiate with customers and suppliers to reduce the net exposure.

Occasionally, the Company may enter into short-term FX forward contracts as part of its cash management strategy.

Net investment hedge
The FX gains and losses on long-term debt are mainly unrealized and can only be realized when U.S. dollar denominated long-term debt matures or is settled.  The Company also has long-term FX exposure on its investment in U.S. affiliates.  The majority of the Company's U.S. dollar denominated long-term debt has been designated as a hedge of the net investment in foreign subsidiaries.  This designation has the effect of mitigating volatility on net income by offsetting long-term FX gains and losses on U.S. dollar denominated long-term debt and gains and losses on its net investment.  The effective portion recognized in "Other comprehensive income" for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 was an unrealized foreign exchange gain of $65 million and a loss of $112 million, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 - unrealized foreign exchange gain of $112 million and $106 million, respectively).  There was no ineffectiveness during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, and comparative periods.

Foreign exchange forward contracts
The Company may enter into FX forward contracts to lock-in the amount of Canadian dollars it has to pay on its U.S. denominated debt maturities.

At September 30, 2013, the Company had FX forward contracts to fix the exchange rate on US$100 million of principal outstanding on a capital lease due in January 2014, US$175 million of its 6.50% Notes due in May 2018, and US$100 million of its 7.25% Notes due in May 2019, unchanged from December 31, 2012 and September 30, 2012. These derivatives, which are accounted for as cash flow hedges, guarantee the amount of Canadian dollars that the Company will repay when these obligations mature.

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, an unrealized foreign exchange loss of $6 million and an unrealized foreign exchange gain of $9 million, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 - unrealized loss of $8 million and $7 million, respectively) was recorded in "Other income and charges" in relation to these derivatives.  Gains recorded in "Other income and charges" were largely offset by unrealized losses on the underlying debt which the derivatives were designated to hedge.  Similarly, losses were largely offset by unrealized gains on the underlying debt.

At September  30, 2013, the unrealized gain derived from these FX forwards was $17 million of which $3 million was included in "Other current assets" and $14 million in "Other assets" with the offset reflected as an unrealized gain of $6 million in "Accumulated other comprehensive loss" and as an unrealized gain of $11 million in "Retained earnings".  At December 31, 2012, the unrealized gain derived from these FX forwards was $8 million which was included in "Other assets" with the offset reflected as an unrealized gain of $6 million in "Accumulated other comprehensive loss" and as an unrealized gain of $2 million in "Retained earnings".

At September 30, 2013, the Company expected that, during the next twelve months, unrealized pre-tax losses of $2 million would be reclassified to "Other income and charges".

Fuel price management
The Company is exposed to commodity risk related to purchases of diesel fuel and the potential reduction in net income due to increases in the price of diesel.  Fuel expense constitutes a large portion of the Company's operating costs and volatility in diesel fuel prices can have a significant impact on the Company's income.  Items affecting volatility in diesel prices include, but are not limited to, fluctuations in local and world markets for crude oil and distillate fuels, which can be affected by supply disruptions and geopolitical events.

The impact of variable fuel expense is mitigated substantially through fuel cost recovery programs which apportion incremental changes in fuel prices to shippers through price indices, tariffs, and by contract, within agreed upon guidelines.  While these programs provide effective and meaningful coverage, residual exposure remains as the fuel expense risk may not be completely recovered from shippers due to timing and volatility in the market.  In the past, to address the residual portion of CP's fuel costs not mitigated by its fuel cost recovery programs, CP had a systematic hedge program.  As a result of improving coverage from its fuel cost recovery programs, CP exited its hedging program during the first quarter of 2013.

Energy futures
During the first quarter ended March 31, 2013, the Company settled its remaining diesel futures contracts, accounted for as cash flow hedges, to purchase 20 million U.S. gallons during the period January to December 2013 for a realized gain and proceeds of $2 million.   In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, a reduction to "Fuel" expense was recorded totalling $1 million and $2 million, respectively, as a result of the recognition in income of this previously realized gain.  At September 30, 2013, there was a negligible realized gain remaining in "Accumulated other comprehensive loss" to be amortized to "Fuel" expense in 2013 as the related diesel is purchased.  During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, the impact of settled swaps decreased "Fuel" expense by $1 million and $1 million respectively, as a result of realized gains on diesel swaps.

At September 30, 2013, the Company had no remaining diesel futures contracts.  At December 31, 2012, the unrealized loss on these contracts was negligible.

8 Stock-based compensation

At September 30, 2013, the Company had several stock-based compensation plans, including stock option plans, various cash settled liability plans, which are remeasured to fair value quarterly based on share price and vesting conditions, and an employee stock savings plan.  These plans resulted in an expense of $9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013 and an expense of $52 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 (three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 - expense of $12 million and  $38 million, respectively).

Regular options
In the nine months ended September 30, 2013, under CP's stock option plans, the Company issued 497,330 regular options at the weighted-average price of $118.55 per share, based on the closing price on the grant date.

Pursuant to the employee plans, these regular options vest between 12 and 48 months after the grant date, and will expire after 10 years.

Under the fair value method, the fair value at the grant date of the regular options issued in the nine months ended September 30, 2013 was $16 million, with a weighted-average fair value of $32.80 per option.  The weighted-average fair value assumptions were approximately:

             
      For the nine
months
 
      ended September
30, 2013
 
           
  Grant price $ 118.55     
  Expected option life (years)(1)   6.25     
  Risk-free interest rate(2)   1.55  %  
  Expected stock price volatility(3)   30  %  
  Expected annual dividends per share(4) $ 1.40     
  Expected forfeiture rate(5)   1.33  %  
             

(1) Represents the period of time that awards are expected to be outstanding.  Historical data on exercise behaviour, or when available, specific expectations regarding future exercise behaviour, were used to estimate the expected life of the option.
(2) Based on the implied yield available on zero-coupon government issues with an equivalent remaining term at the time of the grant.
(3) Based on the historical stock price volatility of the Company's stock over a period commensurate with the expected term of the option.
(4) Determined by the current annual dividend at the time of grant.  The Company does not employ different dividend yields throughout the contractual term of the option.
(5) The Company estimated forfeitures based on past experience.  This rate is monitored on a periodic basis.

Performance share unit ("PSU") plan
In the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company issued 186,978 PSUs with a grant date fair value of $21 million.  These units attract dividend equivalents in the form of additional units based on the dividends paid on the Company's Common Shares.  PSUs vest and are settled in cash, or in CP common shares, at the discretion of the Chief Executive Officer, approximately three years after the grant date, contingent upon CP's performance (performance factor).  The fair value of PSUs is measured, both on the grant date and each subsequent quarter until settlement, using a Monte Carlo simulation model.  The model utilizes multiple input variables that determine the probability of satisfying the performance and market conditions stipulated in the grant.

Deferred share unit ("DSU") plan
In the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company granted 71,723 DSUs with a grant date fair value of $8 million.  DSUs vest over various periods of up to 48 months and are only redeemable for a specified period after employment is terminated.  An expense to income for DSUs is recognized over the vesting period for both the initial subscription price and the change in value between reporting periods.

Restricted share unit ("RSU") plan
In the nine months ended September 30, 2013, $9 million in RSUs were paid out.

9  Pensions and other benefits

In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company made contributions of $24 million and $76 million, respectively (2012 - $24 million and $74 million, respectively) to its defined benefit pension plans.  The elements of net periodic benefit cost for defined benefit pension plans and other benefits recognized in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, included the following components:

      For the three months    
      ended September 30    
      Pensions     Other benefits    
  (in millions of Canadian dollars)   2013      2012      2013      2012     
                             
  Current service cost (benefits                          
     earned by employees in the                          
     period) $ 34    $ 33    $   $    
  Interest cost on benefit obligation   111      113             
  Expected return on fund assets   (186)     (188)            
  Recognized net actuarial loss (gain)   66      52      (2)        
  Amortization of prior service costs   (18)                
                             
  Net periodic benefit cost $   $ 10    $   $ 12     
                             
           
      For the nine months    
      ended September 30    
      Pensions     Other benefits    
  (in millions of Canadian dollars)   2013      2012      2013      2012     
                             
  Current service cost (benefits                          
     earned by employees in the                          
     period) $ 102    $ 99    $ 12    $ 14     
  Interest cost on benefit obligation   334      339      16      18     
  Expected return on fund assets   (559)     (564)            
  Recognized net actuarial loss   200      156             
  Amortization of prior service costs   (41)                
                             
  Net periodic benefit cost $ 36    $ 30    $ 29    $ 37     
                             

CP reached agreements with all of the unions which it had been bargaining with in Canada in 2012.  The new agreements introduced amendments to pension plans.  Among other changes, the amendments established a cap on pension for each year of pensionable service, including a cap on some non-union employees' pensions.  Under the amendments, plan participants will continue to earn additional pensionable years of service as normal, but with a dollar limit on the cap for each year earned.  Plan amendments resulting from collective bargaining are accounted for in the periods the new agreements are ratified.  The plan amendments resulting from the December 2012 arbitration award were contingent on CP making plan amendments for non-union employees, and consequently were accounted for in the period CP made such amendments. As a result of the plan amendments, the projected benefit obligation decreased by $135 million from December 31, 2012, with a corresponding increase to Other comprehensive income. As a result, there has been a reduction of Accumulated other comprehensive loss through the amortization of prior service costs. The prior service costs are recognized in net periodic pension expense over the remaining terms of the applicable union agreements (averaging approximately two years), and over the expected average remaining service life of non-union employees.

At the date of the plan amendments, CP has assessed the significance of such amendments to the consolidated financial statements and has determined that a remeasurement of plan assets and obligations as of the date of the above plan amendments was not warranted.

10   Commitments and contingencies

In the normal course of its operations, the Company becomes involved in various legal actions, including claims relating to injuries and damages to property.  The Company maintains provisions it considers to be adequate for such actions.  While the final outcome with respect to actions outstanding or pending at September 30, 2013 cannot be predicted with certainty, it is the opinion of management that their resolution will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial position or results of operations.

On July 6, 2013, a train carrying crude oil operated by Montreal Maine and Atlantic Railway ("MM&A") derailed and exploded on a section of railway line owned by MM&A in Lac-Megantic, Quebec.

Following this, the Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment, Wildlife and Parks of Quebec ("the Minister") issued an Order on July 29, 2013 directing named parties to recover the contaminants and to clean-up and decontaminate the site of the derailment.   On August 14, 2013, the Minister issued an Amended Order to add CP as a named party.

On August 16, 2013, CP was added as a responding party in a Second Amended Motion to Authorize the Bringing of a Class Action filed in the Superior Court of Quebec on behalf of a class of parties described as all persons and entities (natural persons, legal persons established for a private interest, partnerships or associations so long as they employed 50 persons or less during the 12 month period preceding the class action) residing in, owning or leasing property in, operating a business in and/or were physically present in Lac-Megantic seeking damages caused by the derailment.

CP believes that it is not liable, either in fact or in law, as alleged in either proceeding.  As such, in defense of the respective proceedings, CP has filed a Motion of Appeal with the Administrative Tribunal of Quebec in relation to the Amended Order as well as a Notice of Appearance in relation to the class action.  At this early stage in the legal proceedings, it is too early to assess any potential liability and the quantum of potential loss is undeterminable.  No accrual has been recognized as at September 30, 2013.

At September 30, 2013, the Company had committed to total future capital expenditures amounting to $570 million and operating expenditures relating to supplier purchase obligations, such as locomotive maintenance and overhaul agreements, as well as agreements to purchase other goods and services amounting to approximately $1.5 billion for the years 2013-2031. Minimum payments under operating leases were estimated at $687 million in aggregate, with annual payments in each of the five years following 2013 of (in millions):  2014 - $117; 2015 - $98; 2016 - $80; 2017 - $62; and 2018 - $51.

Environmental remediation accruals cover site-specific remediation programs.  Environmental remediation accruals are measured on an undiscounted basis and are recorded when the costs to remediate are probable and reasonably estimable.

The accruals for environmental remediation represent CP's best estimate of its probable future obligation and include both asserted and unasserted claims, without reduction for anticipated recoveries from third parties.  Although the recorded accruals include CP's best estimate of all probable costs, CP's total environmental remediation costs cannot be predicted with certainty.  Accruals for environmental remediation may change from time to time as new information about previously untested sites becomes known, environmental laws and regulations evolve and advances are made in environmental remediation technology.  The accruals may also vary as the courts decide legal proceedings against outside parties responsible for contamination.  These potential charges, which cannot be quantified at this time, are not expected to be material to CP's financial position, but may materially affect income in the particular period in which a charge is recognized.  Costs related to existing, but as yet unknown, or future contamination will be accrued in the period in which they become probable and reasonably estimable.

The expense included in "Purchased services and other" for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 was $4 million and $5 million, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, $1 million and expense of $2 million, respectively).  Provisions for environmental remediation costs are recorded in "Other long-term liabilities", except for the current portion which is recorded in "Accounts payable and accrued liabilities".  The total amount provided at September 30, 2013 was $91 million (December 31, 2012 - $89 million).  Payments are expected to be made over 10 years to 2023.

During the three months ended March 31, 2013, CP provided an interest free loan pursuant to a court order in the amount of $20 million to a corporation owned by a court appointed trustee to facilitate the acquisition of a building.  The building will be held in trust until the resolution of legal proceedings with regard to CP's entitlement to an exercised purchase option of the building. If CP is successful in these proceedings, title to the building will transfer to CP with an additional payment of $20 million; otherwise the loan will be repaid.

11  Significant customers

During the third quarter of 2013, one customer comprised 10.0% of total revenue (third quarter of 2012 - 9.2%). No one customer comprised more than 10% of total revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 or 2012.


Summary of Rail Data  
                                 
Third Quarter           Year-to-date  
  2013      2012  Fav/(Unfav)         %   Financial (millions, except per share data)     2013      2012  Fav/(Unfav)      %
                                 
                      Revenues                        
$ 1,495    $ 1,414    $ 81      Freight revenue     $ 4,412    $ 4,086    $ 326 
  39      37          Other revenue       114      107     
  1,534      1,451      83    Total revenues       4,526      4,193      333 
                                                 
                                                 
                      Operating expenses                        
  331      371      40  11      Compensation and benefits       1,075      1,128      53 
  226      232          Fuel       742      743     
  54      57          Materials       184      178      (6) (3)
  44      52      15      Equipment rents       134      158      24  15 
  139      137      (2) (1)     Depreciation and amortization       421      399      (22) (6)
  216      226      10      Purchased services and other       664      698      34 
  1,010      1,075      65    Total operating expenses       3,220      3,304      84 
                                                 
                                                 
  524      376      148  39    Operating income       1,306      889      417  47 
                                                 
                      Less:                        
                                                 
          100      Other income and charges       11      34      23  68 
  70      69      (1) (1)     Net interest expense       208      207      (1)
                                                 
                                                 
  454      305      149  49    Income before income tax expense       1,087      648      439  68 
                                                 
  130      81      (49) (60)     Income tax expense       294      179      (115) (64)
                                               
                                                 
$ 324    $ 224    $ 100  45    Net income     $ 793    $ 469    $ 324  69 
                                                 
                                                 
  65.9      74.1      8.2  820  bps   Operating ratio (%)       71.1      78.8      7.7  770  bps
                                                 
                                                 
$ 1.85    $ 1.31    $ 0.54  41      Basic earnings per share     $ 4.54    $ 2.74    $ 1.80  66 
                                                 
                                                 
$ 1.84    $ 1.30    $ 0.54  42      Diluted earnings per share     $ 4.50    $ 2.72    $ 1.78  65 
                                                 
                                                 
                                                 
                      Shares Outstanding                        
                                                 
                        Weighted average number of shares                        
  175.1      172.2      2.9      outstanding (millions)     174.8      171.3      3.5 
                                                 
                        Weighted average number of diluted shares                        
  176.5      173.4      3.1      outstanding (millions)       176.3      172.6      3.7 
                                                 
                                                 
                      Foreign Exchange                        
                                                 
                        Average foreign exchange rate                        
  0.96      1.00      0.04      (US$/Canadian$)       0.98      1.00      0.02 
                                                 
                        Average foreign exchange rate                        
  1.04      1.00      0.04      (Canadian$/US$)       1.02      1.00      0.02 
                                                 
                                                 
  Third Quarter             Year-to-date
2013    2012   Fav/(Unfav)      %           2013    2012    Fav/(Unfav)      %
                                                 
                      Commodity Data                      
                                                 
                        Freight Revenues (millions)                      
$ 319    $ 296    $ 23          - Grain   $ 915    $ 817    $ 98    12 
  177      161      16    10        - Coal     470      446      24   
  129      111      18    16        - Fertilizers and sulphur     444      387      57    15 
  384      329      55    17        - Industrial and consumer products     1,135      933      202    22 
  95      105      (10)   (10)       - Automotive     298      326      (28)   (9)
  51      49              - Forest products     157      147      10   
  340      363      (23)   (6)       - Intermodal     993      1,030      (37)   (4)
                                                 
$ 1,495    $ 1,414    $ 81        Total Freight Revenues   $ 4,412    $ 4,086    $ 326   
                                                 
                        Millions of Revenue Ton-Miles (RTM)                      
  7,864      8,142      (278)   (3)       - Grain     23,977      23,454      523   
  6,440      6,032      408          - Coal     17,396      16,566     830   
  3,762      3,561      201          - Fertilizers and sulphur     14,320      13,220      1,100   
  8,937      8,066      871    11        - Industrial and consumer products     27,887      22,122      5,765    26 
  533      604      (71)   (12)       - Automotive     1,766      1,921      (155)   (8)
  1,093      1,200      (107)   (9)       - Forest products     3,583      3,584      (1)  
  6,055      6,528      (473)   (7)       - Intermodal     17,909      18,636      (727)   (4)
                                                 
  34,684      34,133      551        Total RTMs     106,838      99,503      7,335   
                                                 
                        Freight Revenue per RTM (cents)                      
  4.06      3.64      0.42    12        - Grain     3.81      3.48      0.33   
  2.76      2.67      0.09          - Coal     2.70      2.69      0.01   
  3.45      3.12      0.33    11        - Fertilizers and sulphur     3.10      2.93      0.17   
  4.29      4.08      0.21          - Industrial and consumer products     4.07      4.22      (0.15)   (4)
  17.70      17.38      0.32          - Automotive     16.83      16.97      (0.14)   (1)
  4.66      4.08      0.58    14        - Forest products     4.38      4.10      0.28   
  5.61      5.56      0.05          - Intermodal     5.54      5.53      0.01   
                                                 
  4.31      4.14      0.17        Total Freight Revenue per RTM     4.13      4.11      0.02   
                                                 
                        Carloads (thousands)                      
  106      110      (4)   (4)       - Grain     317      311       
  90      89              - Coal     246      249      (3)   (1)
  41      38              - Fertilizers and sulphur     144      134      10   
  129      122              - Industrial and consumer products     386      350      36    10 
  35      39      (4)   (10)       - Automotive     108      123      (15)   (12)
  15      17      (2)   (12)       - Forest products     51      51       
  259      272      (13)   (5)       - Intermodal     750      771      (21)   (3)
                                                 
  675      687      (12)   (2)     Total Carloads     2,002      1,989      13   
                                                 
                        Freight Revenue per Carload                      
$ 3,020    $ 2,691    $ 329    12        - Grain   $ 2,888    $ 2,627    $ 261    10 
  1,952      1,809      143          - Coal     1,912      1,791      121   
  3,217      2,921      296    10        - Fertilizers and sulphur     3,088      2,888      200   
  2,977      2,697      280    10        - Industrial and consumer products     2,940      2,666      274    10 
  2,747      2,692      55          - Automotive     2,745      2,650      95   
  3,145      2,882      263          - Forest products     3,095      2,882      213   
  1,311      1,335      (24)   (2)       - Intermodal     1,324      1,336      (12)   (1)
                                                 
$ 2,214    $ 2,058    $ 156        Total Freight Revenue per Carload   $ 2,204    $ 2,054    $ 150   
                 
                                                 
                                                 
Third Quarter         Year-to-date
  2013      2012 (1)   Fav/(Unfav)   %           2013    2012 (1)   Fav/(Unfav)   %
                                               
                          Operations Performance                      
                                                 
  8,837      10,201      1,364        13        Train miles (thousands)     28,476      30,224      1,748   
  7,817      6,723      1,094    16        Average train weight - excluding local traffic (tons)     7,485      6,608      877    13 
  6,746      6,021      725    12        Average train length - excluding local traffic (feet)(2)     6,485      5,910      575    10 
  7.2      7.4      0.2          Average terminal dwell (hours) (3)     6.9      7.6      0.7   
  18.7      18.3      0.4          Average train speed (mph)(4)     18.4      18.2      0.2   
  211.1      205.4      5.7          Car miles per car day     218.5      202.6      15.9   
                                                 
  217.7      184.3      33.4    18        Locomotive productivity (daily average GTMs/active HP)(5)     213.6      174.4      39.2    22 
                                                 
  1.02      1.09      0.07          Fuel efficiency (U.S. gallon of fuel consumed/1,000 GTMs)     1.07      1.15      0.08   
  64.7      69.4      4.7          U.S. gallons of locomotive fuel consumed (millions)(6)     210.3      214.8      4.5   
  3.34      3.35      0.01          Average fuel price (U.S. dollars per U.S. gallon)     3.45      3.45       
                                                 
  14,974      17,572      2,598    15        Total employees (average)(7)(8)     15,122      17,190      2,068    12 
  14,766      17,175      2,409    14        Total employees (end of period)(7)     14,766      17,175      2,409    14 
  15,318      18,587      3,269    18        Workforce (end of period)(9)     15,318      18,587      3,269    18 
                                                 
                          Safety                      
                                                 
  1.89      1.58      (0.31)   (20)       FRA personal injuries per 200,000 employee-hours     1.68      1.39      (0.29)   (21)
  1.78      1.98      0.20    10        FRA train accidents per million train-miles     1.90      1.66      (0.24)   (14)

(1) Certain prior period figures have been revised to conform with current presentation or have been updated to reflect new information.
(2) Incorporates a new reporting methodology where average train length is the sum of each car and locomotive's equipment length multiplied by the distance travelled, divided by train miles.  Local trains are excluded from this measure.
(3) Incorporates a new reporting definition where average terminal dwell measures the average time a freight car resides within terminal boundaries.
(4) Incorporates a new reporting definition where average train speed measures the line-haul movement from origin to destination including terminal dwell hours.
(5) Gross ton-miles ("GTMs"); horse power ("HP").
(6) Includes gallons of fuel consumed from freight, yard and commuter service but excludes fuel used in capital projects and other non-freight activities.
(7) An employee is defined as an individual, including trainees, who has worked more than 40 hours in a standard biweekly pay period.  This excludes part time employees, contractors, and consultants.
(8) 2012 Year-to-date average number of employees has been adjusted for the strike.
(9) Workforce is defined as total employees plus part time employees, contractors, and consultants.

 

 

 

SOURCE Canadian Pacific



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