Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets

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Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets

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INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The objective of this study is to provide a detailed analysis of engineering resins along with polymer alloys/blends. Usage of these resins will be segmented into a wide variety of applications and analyses, and will include some intracompetition of these resins among themselves along with selected commodity thermoplastics and thermosets.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Traditional engineering resins and polymer alloys/blends have been "around" for decades and, yet, there are few studies that analyze in detail all of the major materials involved in terms of plant capacities, markets by application, new technologies and products, and rationales for anticipated growth.

There have been many changes in producers/suppliers, products, grades, applications, competitive materials, technologies and the ever-changing global scenario. Some of these changes are the result of the continuing corporate changes/acquisitions/divestitures, which have become the "norm" in many industries.

As a result, there is clearly a need for a detailed reappraisal of the market dynamics of the engineering resin and polymer alloy/blend market.

SCOPE OF REPORT

In this report, engineering resins include traditional varieties such as polyamides, polycarbonates, polyacetals, (reinforced) polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), along with alloys/blends, such as polycarbonate-ABS (PC/ABS), polyphenylene oxide/high-impact polystyrene (PPO-HIPS), polyphenylene oxide/polyamides (PPO/polyamide) and polycarbonate-PBT (PC/PBT), among others. Higher performance engineering resins covered include polysulfones, poly(phenylene-sulfide) (PPS), polyketones and liquid crystal polymers, among others.

The key applications covered include the automotive market segmented by under-the-hood, external and interior products, electronic/electrical markets, medical devices/products, building/construction materials, appliances, plastic rigid food packaging and several key smaller markets such as optical lenses, aviation products etc.

METHODOLOGY

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this report. A comprehensive review was undertaken of literature relating to engineering resins and polymer alloys/blends, their applications and technology and significant new developments. Included in this review are supplier trade literature, texts and monographs.

After collection and analysis of this information, information was gleaned from producers, suppliers and molders of engineering resins/polymer alloys/blends along with representatives of the trade press.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report should be of interest to a wide audience of companies and others following the huge global engineering thermoplastic market led by polyamides and polycarbonates.

There is also a great deal of interest in other important engineering thermoplastics such as polyketones, polyimides, liquid crystal polymers, polyacetals, polysulfones, polyphenylsulfides and others. The use of all of these materials is increasing at a reasonably significant rate.

There are also many in the plastics business interested in the large polymer alloy/blend market, which is critically important to many large global businesses such as electronics, auto and medical devices.
Led by the automotive industry, there are other large and important markets that utilize these materials such as medical, electronic/electric and building/construction.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Research analyst Mel Schlechter has over 40 years in the chemical industry, and specializes in plastics market research. He has been with BCC Research for over 10 years and holds a B.S. in chemistry, M.S. in organic chemistry and an M.B.A. in marketing.

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

This report provides:
• An overview of the global market for engineering resins, along with polymer alloys and blends.
• Segmentation of resins into a wide variety of applications and analyses, along with selected commodity thermoplastics and thermosets.
• Discussion of the major materials involved in terms of plant capacities, markets by application, new technologies and products, and rationales for anticipated growth.
• Coverage of key applications, including automotive segmented by under-the-hood, external and interior products; electrical/electronic markets; medical devices/products; building/construction materials; appliances; electronic enclosures; plastic rigid food packaging; and several key smaller markets such as optical lenses and aviation products.
• Comprehensive company profiles of major players.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
SCOPE OF REPORT 2
METHODOLOGY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
ABOUT THE AUTHOR 3
RELATED BCC REPORTS 3
BCC ON-LINE SERVICES 3
DISCLAIMER 4

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 6

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND
MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 6
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND
MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, 2012-2018 (MILLION LBS) 6

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW OF ENGINEERING RESINS 9

DEFINITIONS 9
BACKGROUND/HISTORICAL 9
PERFORMANCE AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS 9
TABLE 1 SELECTED PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ENGINEERING RESINS 10
TABLE 2 IMPACT OF MORPHOLOGY ON ENGINEERING RESIN PROPERTIES 10
PROCESSING 11
TESTING 11
TABLE 3 SELECTED ENGINEERING RESIN ASTM TESTS 11
ENGINEERING RESINS BY TYPE 12
OVERVIEW 12
POLYAMIDES 13
BACKGROUND 13
PROPERTIES 14
MAJOR TYPES OF POLYAMIDES 14
Polyamide 66 14
Polyamide 6 15
TABLE 4 COMPARISONS OF POLYAMIDE 6 AND POLYAMIDE 66 PROPERTIES 15
Other Polyamides 15
Polyamide 4/6 15
Polyamide 6/9 16
Polyamide 6/10 and Polyamide 6/12 16
Polyamide 11 16
Polyamide 12 16
Reinforced Polyamides 16
Clear Grades 17
PROCESSING 17
ALLOYING/BLENDING OF POLYAMIDES 18
POLYAMIDE FILMS 18
Overview 18
Polyamide Film Applications 19
GLOBAL POLYAMIDE PRODUCERS 19
TABLE 5 KEY GLOBAL POLYAMIDE RESIN PRODUCERS AND ESTIMATED CAPACITIES 19
CAPACITY ADDITIONS AND OTHER CHANGES 20
DSM Increases Capacity for New Polyamides 20
Arkema Increases Production of Rilsan Polyamides 20
Ube Begins Polyamide Production in South America 21
DuPont Goes Ahead with Asian Polyamide Expansion Plans 21
Lanxess Plans New Polyamide Plant 21
Evonik to Build Polyamide 12 Plants in Asia and Europe 21
Rhodia Ups Polyamide Production 21
Arkema Increases Polyamide Capacities in Asia 21
BASF Expands Polyamide Capacity 22
BASF Buys South American Polyamide Business 22
Russian-Based Polyamide 22
GLOBAL PRODUCERS AND TRADE-NAMED PRODUCTS 22
TABLE 6 KEY GLOBAL POLYAMIDE PRODUCERS AND TRADE-NAMED PRODUCTS 22
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 23
TABLE 7 GLOBAL POLYAMIDE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION
LBS) 23
TABLE 8 GLOBAL POLYAMIDE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 24
NEW POLYAMIDE DEVELOPMENTS 24
Polyamide Eyewear Frames 24
Brighter LEDs with Polyamide 46 24
Polyamide 6,6 Meets Drinking Water Standards 24
Tough Polyamides via Crosslinking 25
Filament-Wound Polyamides for Compressed Air Tanks 25
Appliance Connector made from Flame-Retardant Polyamides 25
Castor Oil Sources for New Polyamide Grades 25
Polyamides Made from Natural Fiber 25
New Polyamides for Notebook Products 25
DuPont's Zytel Polyamide Aimed at Automotive Market 25
Large Polyamide Oil Pans Available 26
Polyamide Dampens Noise in Sports Cars 26
Polyamide Spare Wheel Frame 26
New Line of Renewably Resourced High-Temperature Polyamides 26
Polyamides for Laser Sintering 26
New Polyamides for "Crash Optimization" 26
Automotive Thermoforming 26
Polyamide Composites for Autos 27
Possible Polyamide 12 Shortages 27
Thermoformed Polyamide for Marine Applications 27
Thermoformed Polyamide for Automotive Applications 27
Glass-Filled Thermoformed Polyamide 28
More High-Temperature Polyamides 28
More Alternatives to Polyamide 612 28
More Heat-Resistant Polyamides 28
Polyamide Photovoltaic Mounting Systems 28
Polyamides Provides Needed Requirements for Ball Bearings 28
POLYPHTHALAMIDES (PPA) 29
Background 29
Properties and Applications 29
Producers 30
Market Estimates and Forecasts 30
New Developments 30
Polyphthalamide Moves into Auto Applications 30
New Grades of Polyphthalamide Have High Flow and Reflectivity 31
Improved Corrosion-Resistant PPA Grades 31
Flexible PPA Replaces Metal Tubing in Auto Applications 31
Solvay PPA Grades Effective in Auto Electronics 31
POLYCARBONATES 31
OVERVIEW 31
TYPES OF POLYCARBONATES AVAILABLE 32
PROPERTIES 32
Overview 32
Advantages and Disadvantages 32
PROCESSING 33
ALLOYS/BLENDS 33
MARKETING 33
FIBER-REINFORCED POLYCARBONATES 34
BRIEF REVIEW OF APPLICATIONS 34
OTHER APPLICATIONS AND DETAILS 34
POLYCARBONATE SHEET 36
Overview 36
Definitions 36
Specific Products Used in Glazing 37
Other Specific Examples of Plastic Glazing Products 37
Use in Greenhouses 37
Skylights 38
Overview 38
Use of Glass 38
Use of Plastics 38
Overview 38
Plastic Types 38
Glass and Plastic Combinations 39
Skylight Configurations 39
POLYCARBONATE FILMS AND PROPERTIES 39
POLYCARBONATE FILM APPLICATIONS 40
PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES 40
TABLE 9 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS AND ESTIMATED CAPACITIES 41
TABLE 10 KEY GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS AND TRADE-NAMED
PRODUCTS 42
RECENT PRODUCER AND CAPACITY ACTIVITIES 42
Overview 42
Producer Agreements 42
Bayer Expansions 43
Asia Becomes the Major Source of Polycarbonate 43
Saudi Arabia-Based Polycarbonate 43
Sabic IP Activities 43
OTHER NEW POLYCARBONATE-RELATED DEVELOPMENTS 43
Antimicrobial Polycarbonates for Medical Devices 43
High-Brightness LEDs Use Polycarbonates 44
Aircraft Interiors Use Polycarbonate Sheet 44
Low-Heat-Release Polycarbonate for Aircraft Applications 44
Polycarbonates for Improved Light Diffusion 44
Very Thin V-0 Polycarbonate 44
Medical Hollow Polycarbonates 44
Polycarbonates for Optical Disks 44
Polycarbonates for Auto Sun Roofs 45
Polycarbonates for Fluorescent Light Bulbs 45
Bayer Material Science Moves toward Polycarbonate Glazing 45
Advances in Polycarbonate Films 45
Polycarbonate Sheet for Blast Protection 45
Bayer Buys Arkema's Polycarbonate Sheet Business 45
IMPACT OF BISPHENOL ON POLYCARBONATE USAGE 46
Overview 46
The BPA Issue 46
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 46
Overview 46
TABLE 11 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 47
Automotive 47
TABLE 12 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 48
POLYACETALS 48
BACKGROUND 48
GRADES 48
PROPERTIES 49
PROCESSING 49
PRODUCERS 49
TABLE 13 GLOBAL POLYACETAL PRODUCERS AND ESTIMATED CAPACITIES 50
TABLE 14 KEY GLOBAL POLYACETAL PRODUCERS AND TRADE-NAMED PRODUCTS 51
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS 51
TABLE 15 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS OF POLYACETALS 51
NEW PRODUCTS AND DEVELOPMENTS 52
Higher Impact Polyacetals 52
Blow-Molded Polyacetals 52
Long-Glass Reinforced Polyacetals 52
Polyacetals for Medical Devices 52
Lower Weight Polyacetals 53
Polyacetals Meet VOC Auto Specifications 53
Polyacetals for Gears, Pipes and Hoses 53
Polyacetal Sheet for Thermoforming 53
Polyacetals for Medical Devices 53
Polyacetals for Passenger Safety 53
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 53
TABLE 16 GLOBAL POLYACETAL MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 54
TABLE 17 GLOBAL POLYACETAL AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 54
THERMOPLASTIC POLYESTERS 54
BACKGROUND 54
POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE 55
Background 55
Major Applications 55
Modified PET Resins 55
Other Properties and Grades 56
Glycol-Modified PET Copolyester (PETG) 56
Engineering-Grade PET 56
Reinforced PET 57
Producers and Capacities 57
TABLE 18 THE LARGEST 10 GLOBAL PET PRODUCERS 58
TABLE 19 GLOBAL KEY PET ENGINEERING GRADE PRODUCERS AND TRADE NAMES 58
Market Estimates and Forecasts 58
TABLE 20 GLOBAL ENGINEERED PET MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 59
TABLE 21 GLOBAL ENGINEERED PET AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 59
POLYBUTYLENE TEREPHTHALATE 59
Background 59
Properties 60
Applications 60
Producers 61
TABLE 22 KEY GLOBAL PBT PRODUCERS AND ESTIMATED CAPACITIES 61
PET and PBT Competitive Scenario 62
Market Estimates and Forecasts 62
TABLE 23 GLOBAL PBT MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 63
TABLE 24 GLOBAL PBT AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 63
PET AND PBT NEW PRODUCTS AND DEVELOPMENTS 63
Advances in PETG Sheet 63
PBT for Fuel Tanks 64
Flame-Retardant PBTs 64
PBTs with Short Cycle Times 64
Non-Halogen PBT Resins for Electronic Products 64
PBTs Developed for MIDs 64
LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMERS 64
BACKGROUND 64
PROPERTIES 65
APPLICATIONS 65
Background 65
Electronic/Electrical 66
LCP FIBER-REINFORCED PRODUCTS 66
PRODUCERS 66
TABLE 25 GLOBAL LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMER PRODUCERS AND ESTIMATED
CAPACITIES 66
NEW DEVELOPMENTS AND PRODUCTS 67
Liquid Crystal Polymer Electronic Connectors 67
Low-Chlorine LCPs for Electrical Parts 67
DuPont Sells LCP Business 67
Connector Moldings Made from LCPs 68
Thermoformed LCPs 68
New Reinforced LCP Grades 68
LCPs Provide High-Heat Resistance 68
MIDs Using LCPs 68
LCPs for Thin-Wall Electronic Applications 68
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 69
TABLE 26 GLOBAL LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMER MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 69
POLYSULFONES 70
BACKGROUND 70
TYPES OF POLYSULFONES 70
Overview 70
Polyarylsulfones 71
Grades 71
Properties 71
APPLICATIONS OF POLYSULFONES 71
Background 71
Electrical/Electronic Applications 71
Further Application Details 72
Clear Polysulfone Applications 72
POLYSULFONE PRODUCERS AND TRADE-NAMED PRODUCTS 73
PRODUCER SCENARIO 73
TABLE 27 GLOBAL CAPACITY OF POLYSULFONE POLYMERS 73
NEW PRODUCT AND MARKET DEVELOPMENTS 73
Polysulfone Firefighter Helmets 73
BASF Develops Low-Friction Polysulfones 73
New Clear Polysulfones 74
New Medical Applications for Polysulfones 74
Solvay and RTP Join Forces for Polysulfone Products 74
BASF Activities 74
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 74
TABLE 28 GLOBAL POLYSULFONE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 75
POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE (PPS) 75
BACKGROUND 75
PROPERTIES 76
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES 76
THERMOFORMED POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDES 77
APPLICATIONS 77
OTHER TECHNOLOGY CONSIDERATIONS 78
PRODUCERS 78
TABLE 29 GLOBAL CAPACITIES OF POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE POLYMERS 78
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 79
TABLE 30 GLOBAL POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 79
NEW PRODUCTS AND DEVELOPMENTS 79
PPS for Electronic Applications 79
PPS Moves into Complex Blowmolding 79
PPS for Thin-Wall Molding 80
Blowmolded PPS for High-Temperature Auto Applications 80
Chevron Phillips Product Line Expansion 80
POLYIMIDES/PEI/PAI 80
BACKGROUND 80
PROPERTIES 81
EARLY ELECTRONIC/ELECTRIC APPLICATIONS 81
VESPEL PARTS 82
A MAJOR ELECTRIC/ELECTRONIC APPLICATION - DIELECTRIC INTERLAYERS 82
POLYIMIDE FILMS 83
POLYETHERIMIDES (PEIS) 83
Background 83
Properties 83
Producers 84
Chemistry 84
Applications 84
POLYAMIDESIMIDES 85
Overview 85
Properties 85
Applications 85
Competitive Scenario 86
REVIEW OF OVERALL POLYIMIDE APPLICATIONS 86
KEY POLYIMIDE PRODUCTS AND PRODUCERS 86
NEW POLYIMIDE PRODUCTS AND DEVELOPMENTS 86
Polyamides-Imides Increase Wear Resistance 86
Carbon Fiber PEI Replaces Aluminum 87
Polyimide Blends Provide Very High Heat Stability 87
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 87
TABLE 31 GLOBAL OTHER ENGINEERING POLYMER MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (1) (MILLION LBS) 87
POLYKETONES 88
BACKGROUND 88
PROPERTIES 88
POLYKETONE COMPOSITES 88
APPLICATIONS 88
APPLICATIONS BY INDUSTRY 89
PEEK FILM APPLICATIONS 89
PRODUCERS 90
CAPACITIES 90
TABLE 32 GLOBAL PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES OF POLYKETONES 90
NEW PEEK PRODUCTS AND DEVELOPMENTS 90
Cut-Sheet PEEK 90
New Forms of PEEK for Medical Applications 91
New Lower Cost/High-Performance Polyketones 91
New PEEK Masterbatches 91
Higher Performance PEEK at Lower Cost 91
Housings made from PEEK Protect Sensors in Difficult Environments 91
PEEK with Fluoropolymers Provide Excellent Wear Characteristics 92
Polyketones Improve Wear Rates 92
New Medical-Grade PEEK Products 92
More PEEK Usage in Medical Applications 92
New PEEK Products in Dentistry 92
An Exceptional "Tough" PEEK Resin 92
PEEK Resins and Carbon Nanotubes 92
Polyaryletherketone (PAEK) Activities 93
PEEK for Implantable Medical Devices 93
PEEK Pipette Tips 93
PEEK Cervical Implants 93
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 93
TABLE 33 GLOBAL POLYKETONE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 94

CHAPTER 4 POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS 96

BACKGROUND 96
PPO/HIPS 96
OVERVIEW 96
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES 97
GRADES 98
PROCESSING 98
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS OF REINFORCED NORYL GRADES 98
OTHER APPLICATIONS 98
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 99
TABLE 34 GLOBAL PPO/HIPS MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION
LBS) 99
TABLE 35 GLOBAL PPO/HIPS AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 100
PPO/POLYAMIDES 100
BACKGROUND AND PROPERTIES 100
GRADES AND APPLICATIONS 100
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 101
TABLE 36 GLOBAL PPO/POLYAMIDE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 101
TABLE 37 GLOBAL PPO/POLYAMIDE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 101
PC/ABS 102
OVERVIEW 102
BACKGROUND 102
TRADE-NAMED PRODUCTS 103
FLAME-RETARDANT GRADES 103
APPLICATIONS 103
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 103
TABLE 38 GLOBAL PC/ABS MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 104
TABLE 39 GLOBAL PC/ABS AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 104
PC/PBT AND PC/PET ALLOYS/BLENDS 105
PC/PBT 105
Background 105
Properties 105
Applications 106
PC/PET 106
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 106
TABLE 40 GLOBAL PC/PBT AND PC/PET MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018
(1) (MILLION LBS) 107
OTHER POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS 107
TABLE 41 GLOBAL OTHER POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 107
NEW PRODUCTS AND DEVELOPMENTS 108
PPO/Polyamide Auto Panels 108
Eco-Compliant Flame-Retardant PC/Polyester Blends 108
New Blends of Polycarbonate and PET or PET 108
Auto Interiors Made from Low Gloss PC/ABS 108
PC/Polyester Blends for Electronic Devices 108
PC/PLA Alloys Available in North America 108
New PC/ASA Grades 109
Post-Industrial Blend of PC/ABS 109
PBT/ASA Low Warpage Resins 109
PC/ABS for Dishwashers 109
New Polymer Alloys for Auto Interior Trim 109
ASA Alloys Move into Auto Applications 109
Trinseo PC/ABS Blend Geared for the Medical Market 109
New LCP/PPS Alloys Aim for Complex Parts 110
PEEK/PBI Blends for High-Heat Applications 110
Colorabe PC/ABS in Electronic Circuitry 110
Auto PC/PET from Recycled Sources 110
Thermoformed PC/ABS 110
NEW PC/ABS GRADES FOR MEDICAL 110
More PC/ABS Grades for Auto Interiors 111
Noryl Grades for AC Cords 111
India's First Injection-Molded Plastic Fenders 111

CHAPTER 5 REINFORCED ENGINEERING PLASTICS 113

BACKGROUND 113
THERMOPLASTICS 113
BACKGROUND 113
REINFORCEMENT DETAILS 114
REINFORCED POLYBUTYLENE TEREPHTHALATE (PBT) 115
Background 115
Properties 115
Applications 115
REINFORCED PET 116
FIBER-REINFORCED POLYCARBONATES 116
PPS FIBER-REINFORCED PRODUCTS 116
LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMER FIBER-REINFORCED PRODUCTS 116
ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND MARKET SUMMARIES 117
TABLE 42 SUMMARY OF GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESINS AND POLYMER
ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 117
TABLE 43 ESTIMATED VALUE OF GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESINS/POLYMER
ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 118

CHAPTER 6 GLOBAL ENGINEERING/POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND MARKET BY

GEOGRAPHIC REGION 120
GLOBAL ENGINEERING 120
TABLE 44 GLOBAL ETP/POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC
REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 120
TABLE 45 GEOGRAPHIC REGION SHARE OF GLOBAL ETP/POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS
MARKET, THROUGH 2018 (%) 120
TABLE 46 GLOBAL POLYAMIDE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 121
TABLE 47 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 121
TABLE 48 GLOBAL POLYACETAL MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 122
TABLE 49 GLOBAL PBT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 122
TABLE 50 GLOBAL PET MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 122
TABLE 51 GLOBAL PPS MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 123
TABLE 52 GLOBAL POLYSULFONE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 123
TABLE 53 GLOBAL LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMER MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 124
TABLE 54 GLOBAL POLYKETONE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 124
TABLE 55 GLOBAL OTHER ETP MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 125
TABLE 56 GLOBAL PC/ABS MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 125
TABLE 57 GLOBAL PPO/HIPS MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION LBS) 126
TABLE 58 GLOBAL PPO/POLYAMIDE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 126
TABLE 59 GLOBAL PC/PBT AND PC/PET MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 127
TABLE 60 GLOBAL OTHER POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC
REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 127

CHAPTER 7 APPLICATIONS 129

OVERVIEW 129
TABLE 61 ETP END-USE APPLICATIONS AND SELECTED SPECIFIC EXAMPLES 129
AUTOMOTIVE 130
OVERVIEW 130
TABLE 62 HISTORICAL, CURRENT AND PROJECTED U.S. AUTOMOTIVE SALES,
1997-2017 (MILLIONS) 130
TABLE 63 ESTIMATED HYBRID SALES FOR THE U.S., 2008-2017 (THOUSAND UNITS) 130
CAFE ISSUES 131
AUTOMOTIVE UNDER-THE-HOOD SEGMENT 133
Overview 133
Background 133
Key Factors of the UTH Resin Market 133
TABLE 64 SELECTED AUTOMOTIVE UNDER-THE-HOOD FIBER-REINFORCED RESINS
BY PART 135
More UTH Developments 135
Overview of Electronic Components 136
Flexible Circuitry 137
Material Usage 137
Expanded Use of Encapsulated Components 138
Bobbins/Connectors 138
Switches/Sockets 139
Ignition Components 139
Plastic Rocker Covers 139
Catalytic Converters 140
Valve Covers 140
Intake Manifolds 140
Heating/Air-Conditioning Equipment 141
Reservoirs 141
Gasoline Tanks 141
Overview 141
Stricter Emission Standards May Impact Plastic Fuel Tanks 141
Market Estimates and Forecasts 142
TABLE 65 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE UTH MARKET BY ENGINEERING RESINS AND
POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 142
AUTO EXTERIORS 143
Body Panels 143
TABLE 66 RESINS USED FOR SPECIFIC EXTERIOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS 143
Fenders 144
Background 144
Thermoplastics in Fenders 144
Bumper Systems 144
Background 144
Bumper Systems and Products 145
Side Molding/Trim 145
Radiator/Grilles 145
Transparent Automotive Exteriors and Housings 146
Background 146
Light Reflector Housings 146
Taillights and Rear Brake Lights 146
Headlights and Front-End Lenses 147
AUTOMOTIVE GLAZING 148
Background 148
Overview 148
Criteria for Replacing Glass 149
Market Opportunities 149
Critical Issues 149
DuPont Activities 149
Solutia's Efforts with Glass 150
Early Bayer-GE Plastics Joint Project 150
Background 150
Technology 150
Market Aspects 151
Market Challenges 151
NHTSA Activities 151
Examples of Commercial Polycarbonates for Lighting and Glazing 152
Other Automotive Glazing Standards 152
Market Estimates and Forecasts 153
TABLE 67 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE EXTERIOR MARKET BY ENGINEERING RESINS AND
POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 153
AUTOMOTIVE INTERIOR SEGMENT 154
Background 154
Overview of Resins Used in Automotive Interiors 154
TABLE 68 RESINS USED FOR SPECIFIC INTERIOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS 154
PC/ABS 155
Polycarbonates 155
PPO/HIPS 155
Seat-Related Auto Interior Parts 155
Background 155
Seat Backs 156
Airbags 156
Background 156
Tough Resins Needed for Airbag Doors 156
Knee Air Bags 157
Instrument Panels 157
Overview 157
Resin Selection 157
Knee Bolsters 158
Background 158
Resins Used 158
Consoles 158
Interior Automotive Lenses 159
Overview 159
LEDs Lighting Moving into Auto Interiors 159
Summary of Resin Usage in Automotive Lenses 159
TABLE 69 RESIN USAGE IN AUTOMOTIVE LENSES (PERCENT OF TOTAL VOLUME) 160
Impact of Federal Regulations and Standards in Automotive
Lenses 160
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 160
TABLE 70 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE INTERIOR MARKET BY ENGINEERING RESINS AND
POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 161
NEW PRODUCTS AND DEVELOPMENTS IN ENGINEERING POLYMERS/
ALLOYS/BLENDS WITHIN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY 161
Polyamides Extend Usage 161
New Polyamide 66 Grades Become Available 161
New Durethane Grades 161
Polyamides Chosen for Several Auto Parts 162
Rhodia's Polyamides Also Chosen for Auto Parts 162
DuPont's Hot Polyamides 162
Other DuPont Innovations 162
Polyamides Used for Fuel Tanks 162
Polyamide Manifold Provide High Engine Performance 162
Polycarbonate Windshields 163
New Lexan Grades for Exterior Uses 163
Prius Products Utilize Polycarbonates 163
Plastic Steering Wheel 163
Unique Auto Roof Module 163
Automotive Polycarbonate Glazing Keeps Moving Ahead 163
New PBT Blends for Truck Cab Exterior Parts 164
Noryl GTX Fenders 164
PEEK for Drive Train Applications 164
PBT for Portable Chargers in Electric Vehicles 164
Polyphthalamide Water Pump Housings 164
Dow-Ford Initiative Targeting 750 Pound Reduction 164
BASF and TenCate Set Up a Strategic Alliance 165
Mitsubishi's Sports Car Plastic Fenders 165
Stricter Emission Standards May Impact Plastic Fuel Tank Growth 165
What About a Plastic Engine? 165
New Software Technologies 165
AUTOMOTIVE MARKET SUMMARY 166
TABLE 71 GLOBAL TOTAL AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY ENGINEERING RESINS AND
POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 166
ELECTRONIC/ELECTRICAL PRODUCTS 166
OVERVIEW 166
CONSUMER ELECTRONIC TRENDS 167
Overview 167
Market Dynamics 167
Compact Discs/DVDs 167
Some Important Technologies 168
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 168
Background 168
Technologies 168
PCB Substrates 168
Overview 168
Current Material Usage 169
Standard FR-4 Epoxy Resin 169
Higher Performance Epoxies 169
Polyimides 169
Issues That Will Impact Types of Resins Used in PCBs 169
Flexible Printed Circuit Boards 170
Background 170
Technology 170
Standards 170
Advantages 170
Materials Used 171
Overview 171
Polyimides 171
Polyesters 171
Liquid Crystalline Polymers 171
Aramids 171
Epoxy Resins 172
Adhesiveless Laminates 172
Molded/3-D Printed Circuit Boards (MIDs) 172
Background 172
Technology 172
Manufacturing 173
History 173
How Do They Differ From PCBs? 173
Materials Used 173
Market Targets 174
Process Technologies 174
Impact of MIDs 174
Examples of New Plastics for MIDs 175
Lanxess 175
BASF 175
Ticona 175
Evonik 175
Industry Trends of Printed Circuit Boards 175
PLASTICS IN ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS 176
Introduction 176
Active Devices 176
Active/Passive Devices 176
Passive Devices 176
FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS 177
Overview 177
Concept of Flexible Electronics 177
RIGID-FLEX CIRCUITS 178
MOLDED ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS 178
Overview 178
Background 179
Markets 179
Growth 179
Resin Usage in Molded Electronic Components 179
Background 179
Connectors 180
Background 180
Trends 180
Materials and Applications for Electronic Connectors 180
Resin Selection 180
Other Connector Markets 182
Connector End-Use Markets 182
Automotive Industry Connectors 182
Background 182
Resin Scenario 183
New Polyester Advantages 183
Polyamide Activities 184
IMPACT OF SURFACE-MOUNT TECHNOLOGY 184
Background 184
Resin and Material Usage 184
Competitive Resin Scenario 184
ENCAPSULATED ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS 185
Background 185
Specific Encapsulant Applications 185
Epoxy Encapsulant Systems 185
SWITCHES 186
Background 186
CAPACITORS 186
Background 186
Applications 187
Dielectric Materials 187
Capacitor Types 187
OTHER MOLDED ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS 188
Resistors 188
Background 188
Applications 188
Inductors/Transformers 188
Plastic Usage 189
BOBBINS 189
Background 189
RELAYS 190
Background 190
ELECTRONIC ENCLOSURES 190
Definitions 190
Material and Process Selection 191
Enclosure-Related Plastic Usage and Applications 191
Still a Competitive Scenario 192
Cost Performance 193
TABLE 72 COMPARISONS OF RESINS FOR ELECTRONIC ENCLOSURE APPLICATIONS
BASED ON COST PERFORMANCE 193
TABLE 73 THE BEST- AND WORST-PERFORMING RESINS AND RESIN BLENDS FOR
ELECTRONIC ENCLOSURES 193
Costs 194
Significance of Thin-Walling on Resin Selection 194
Other Important Issues 195
Flame Retardancy 195
Background 195
Overview 196
Testing Agencies and Requirements 196
Environmental Ratings 197
TABLE 74 APPLYING PLASTICS SCORECARD TO ELECTRONIC ENCLOSURES 197
The European Union's RoHS Directive 197
The WEEE Directive 198
New Developments 199
Less Plastic and More Metal Enclosures 199
Market Estimates and Forecasts 200
TABLE 75 GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS
ELECTRONIC/ELECTRIC MARKETS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 200
MEDICAL DEVICES 200
STATUS OF THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY 200
OVERALL PLASTIC USAGE 201
POLYMERS USED 201
Background 201
Overview 201
Commodity Thermoplastics 201
Engineering Resins 202
Thermoset Resins 202
Overall Resin Usage in Medical Devices 202
TABLE 76 SELECTED RESIN USAGE BY TYPE OF MEDICAL DEVICE 202
SPECIFIC ENGINEERING RESIN/ALLOY-BLENDS USAGE IN MEDICAL
APPLICATIONS 203
Polyamides 203
Polycarbonates 204
Overview 204
Specific Examples 204
Renal Dialysis 204
Surgical Instruments 204
Cardiac Surgery Products 205
Polyesters 205
Polysulfones 205
Overview 205
Polyimides 206
Overview 206
Polyketones 207
Overview 207
PEEK Implants 207
Other PEEK Medical Usage 207
Liquid Crystal Polymers 207
Selected Resin Usage by Type of Medical Devices 208
TABLE 77 SELECTED RESIN USAGE BY TYPE OF MEDICAL DEVICE 208
NEED FOR CLARITY/TRANSPARENCY 208
STERILIZATION TECHNIQUES 209
Overview of Methods 209
Polycarbonate 210
Polystyrene 210
Polyesters 210
MEDICAL DEVICE CATEGORY CRITERIA 210
Overview 210
Disposable Medical Devices 211
Overview 211
Syringes 211
Background 211
Polymer Usage 211
Tubing 212
Products and Applications 212
Resin Components and Requirements 212
Catheters 213
Overview 213
Background 213
Polyamides 213
Polyimides 213
PEEK Polymers 213
TABLE 78 RESIN PROPERTY CRITERIA - CATHETERS 214
Labware 214
Trays 214
Background 214
Property Parameters for Choosing Tray Materials 215
Sterilization 215
Nondisposable Medical Devices 215
Overview 215
Implants and Prosthetic Devices 215
Thermoplastic Materials Used 216
Radiation Resistance 216
TABLE 79 RADIATION RESISTANCE OF KEY MEDICAL PLASTICS 217
RECENT NEW MEDICAL PLASTIC DEVELOPMENTS AND PRODUCTS 217
New Polyketone Medical Products 217
PAEK Competes with Metals for Medical Implants 218
Evonik in Germany Introduces New PEEK Grades 218
PEEKs for Spinal Market 218
Polyacetals Aimed at Medical Products 218
New PBT's for Medical Injection Molding 218
PEEK Dental Implants 218
Renal Care Applications Use Polyesters 219
PEIs Resist Hydrogen Peroxide Gas Sterilization 219
First Plastic Orthopedic Surgery Device 219
PEEK Skull Implants 219
PC/PET Used for Medical Housings 219
PEEK Implanted Pump 219
PEEK Resins Replace UHMWPE in Knee Implants 220
Polyamide and UHMWPE Heart Valves 220
Bayer Polycarbonate for Knee Device 220
PEEK Hip Socket May Replace Metal 220
PEEK Also Replaces Titanium in Cervical Implants 220
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 221
TABLE 80 GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS MEDICAL
MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 221
BUILDING/CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS 221
OVERVIEW 221
ENGINEERING RESIN USAGE 222
SOME EXAMPLES OF PRODUCT USAGE 222
GLAZING 222
Background 222
Properties 223
TABLE 81 SELECTED PROPERTIES OF PLASTIC SHEET FOR OUTDOOR
APPLICATIONS 223
Acrylic Sheet 223
Polycarbonate Sheet 224
Specific Products Used in Glazing 224
Other Specific Examples of Plastic Glazing Products 225
Use in Greenhouses 225
PLUMBING/HARDWARE 225
Polyacetals 225
PPO/HIPS 226
PBT 226
PET 226
Thermoset Polyesters 226
SKYLIGHTS 226
Overview 226
Use of Glass 227
Use of Plastics 227
Background 227
Plastic Types 227
Glass and Plastic Combinations 227
LIGHTING PRODUCTS 228
Background 228
Types of Lighting Products 228
Resins Used 228
SIGNS/DISPLAYS 229
Background 229
Examples of Commercial Products for Signs/Displays 230
Outdoor Sign Market 230
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 231
TABLE 82 GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS
BUILDING/CONSTRUCTION MARKET, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 231
APPLIANCES 231
OVERVIEW 231
APPLIANCE CATEGORIES 232
REPRESENTATIVE PLASTIC INJECTION-MOLDED APPLIANCE PARTS 232
KEY APPLICATIONS FOR PLASTICS IN APPLIANCES 232
Overview 232
Polyamides 233
Polycarbonates 233
PBT 233
PET 233
Commodity Thermoplastic Usage 233
MAJOR SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS FOR POLYMERS IN APPLIANCES 234
TABLE 83 SELECTED MAJOR APPLICATIONS FOR POLYMERS IN APPLIANCES 234
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 235
TABLE 84 GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS APPLIANCE
MARKET, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 235
RIGID FOOD PACKAGING 235
BACKGROUND 235
OVERVIEW 236
POLYCARBONATES 237
Background 237
Water Bottles 237
PREPARED FOOD CONTAINER PACKAGING 237
Overview 237
Types of Food Packaging Structures 238
Dual-Ovenables 238
TABLE 85 PLASTIC USAGE IN PREPARED FOOD CONTAINERS 239
Market Estimates and Forecasts 239
AIRCRAFT 240
OVERVIEW 240
EXAMPLES OF GLASS PRODUCTS 240
IMPORTANCE OF IMPACT RESISTANCE 240
CLEAR PLASTIC PREFERENCES 241
COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT TRANSPARENCIES 241
AIRCRAFT INTERIORS 242
RECENT PRODUCT AND MARKET DEVELOPMENTS 242
New Engineering Polymer Grades for Aircraft Interiors 242
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 242
OPTICAL LENSES 243
KEY CONCEPTS IN LENS MATERIALS 243
Refractive Index 243
Abbe Values 243
WHY PLASTICS ARE USED 243
OTHER ADVANTAGES OF PLASTICS 244
CLEAR PLASTICS USED 244
Background 244
Polycarbonates 244
Overview 244
Advantages and Disadvantages 245
Acrylics 245
An Optical Performance Comparison between Polycarbonates and
Acrylics 246
TABLE 86 OPTICAL PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES 246
Allyl Diglycol Carbonate (ADC) 246
Background 246
Competitive Scenario with CR-39 246
OPTICAL LENS MARKET CHARACTERISTICS 247
Background 247
MARKET SEGMENTS 247
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 248
TOYS 248
OVERVIEW 248
BACKGROUND 248
USE OF PLASTICS IN TOYS 248
Background 248
Polystyrene 249
ABS 249
Styrene Block Copolymers (SBCs) 249
Polycarbonates 250
CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COUNCIL 250
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 250
MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS 250
SPORT/RECREATIONAL EQUIPMENT 250
Overview 250
Specific Reinforced Plastic Products Used in Sports and Recreation
Products 251
LAWN AND GARDEN EQUIPMENT 251
Overview 251
Resin Usage 252
HOUSEWARES 252
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 253
TABLE 87 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF ENGINEERING
RESINS AND POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 253
MAJOR PRODUCERS/SUPPLIERS AND TRADE-NAMED PRODUCTS 254
SEGMENTATION BY TRADE NAME 254
TABLE 88 MAJOR TRADE-NAMED ENGINEERING RESINS AND POLYMER
ALLOYS/BLENDS BY T

To order this report:
Resin_and_Rubber Industry:
Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets

Contact Clare: clare@reportlinker.com
US:(339) 368 6001
Intl:+1 339 368 6001

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