2014

EpiCast Report: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) - Epidemiology Forecast to 2022

NEW YORK, Jan. 16, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

EpiCast Report: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) - Epidemiology Forecast to 2022
http://www.reportlinker.com/p01957646/EpiCast-Report-Acute-Coronary-Syndrome-ACS---Epidemiology-Forecast-to-2022.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Pathology

EpiCast Report: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) - Epidemiology Forecast to 2022

Summary

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a serious cardiovascular disease associated with high healthcare costs, frequent recurrences and hospitalizations, and high risks of sudden death and short-term mortality. The ACS incidence increases with age and will be a significant public health problem as the elderly population increases around the world. ACS is classified into three disease entities based on evidence of heart muscle damage inferred from a person's symptoms, changes in the ST-tracing of the electrocardiogram (ECG), and levels of cardiac biomarkers that signify heart muscle death: ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and unstable angina (UA). These three disease entities differ in their clinical characteristics, treatment approaches, and survival probabilities.

The epidemiology of ACS in the 7MM has changed significantly during the past two decades and varies between the western and Japanese markets. In order to capture the country-specific trends and provide detailed patient population segmentation, GlobalData epidemiologists built separate forecasts for (myocardial infarction) (MI) and UA in the 7MM and used a case-flow methodology to determine the number of cases that survived until hospital discharge and for one year after hospital discharge.

GlobalData epidemiologists forecast that in the 7MM, the hospitalized incident cases of ACS will increase from 1.29 million cases in 2012 to 1.43 million cases in 2022 at the rate of 1.04% per year. The US constitutes around 40% of the total hospitalized incident ACS cases in the 7MM and will be the market with the highest number of cases during the forecast period. The majority of the cases occurred in men (58.15%) and in those ages =65 years (69.01%). For the 7MM, about 33% of the ACS cases were STEMI, 44% were NSTEMI, and 23% were UA. The proportions varied depending on the market.

Scope

The ACS EpiCast Report provides an overview of the ACS risk factors and comorbidities, a discussion of the ACS global and historical trends, and a 10-year epidemiological patient forecast for ACS from 2012 to 2022 in the seven major markets (7MM) (US, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK, and Japan). The epidemiological patient forecast includes -
- Hospitalized incident cases of ACS, segmented by STEMI, NSTEMI, and UA
- ACS cases that survived until hospital discharge, segmented by STEMI, NSTEMI, and UA
- ACS cases that survived for one year post-hospital discharge, segmented by STEMI, NSTEMI, and UA
- Diagnosed prevalent cases of myocardial infarction (MI) segmented by STEMI and NSTEMI from 2012 to 2022 in the six major markets (6MM) (US, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and UK)
- The ACS epidemiology report is written and developed by Masters- and PhD-level epidemiologists.
- The EpiCast Report is in-depth, high quality, transparent and market-driven, providing expert analysis of disease trends in the 7MM.

Reasons to buy

- Develop business strategies by understanding the trends shaping and driving the global ACS market.
- Quantify patient populations in the global ACS market to improve product design, pricing, and launch plans.
- Organize sales and marketing efforts by identifying the patient segmentations that present the best opportunities for ACS therapeutics in each of the markets covered.
- Identify the number of ACS cases survived to key time periods.
1 Table of Contents
1 Table of Contents 4
1.1 List of Tables 7
1.2 List of Figures 8
2 Introduction 10
2.1 Catalyst 10

2.2 Upcoming Reports 10
3 Epidemiology 11
3.1 Disease Background 11
3.2 Risk Factors and Comorbidities 12
3.2.1 Controlling hypertension can decrease the CHD incidence by 20-25% 13
3.2.2 Every 1% decrease in cholesterol levels is associated with a 2% decrease in the CHD risk 14
3.2.3 Women who have diabetes have a higher risk of developing CHD than men with diabetes 15
3.2.4 Cigarette smoking increases the risk of CHD and also increases the risk of developing other risk factors for CHD 16
3.2.5 Obese and physically inactive persons are more likely to develop CHD through an increased risk of developing the traditional risk factors 16
3.2.6 Non-modifiable risk factors, such as family history, age, and sex, contribute to CHD development 17
3.2.7 Comorbidities 17
3.3 Global Trends - MI 18
3.3.1 MI Incidence and Mortality Trends 18
3.3.2 STEMI and NSTEMI Trends 29

3.3.3 Trends in MI Mortality and Case-Fatality Rates 30
3.3.4 MI Prevalence 32
3.4 Global Trends - UA 33
3.5 Forecast Methodology 35
3.5.1 Forecast Case Flow Map 37
3.5.2 Sources Used 43
3.5.3 Sources Not Used 52
3.5.4 Forecast Assumptions and Methods, Hospitalized MI Incident Cases 53
3.5.5 Forecast Assumptions and Methods, STEMI and NSTEMI Cases that Survived Until Hospital Discharge 59
3.5.6 Forecast Assumptions and Methods, STEMI and NSTEMI Cases That Survived for One Year After Discharge 60
3.5.7 Forecast Assumptions and Methods, Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI 62
3.5.8 Forecast Assumptions and Methods, Hospitalized Cases of UA 64
3.5.9 Forecast Assumptions and Methods, UA Cases That Survived Until Hospital Discharge and for One Year Post-Discharge 65
3.6 Epidemiological Forecast for ACS (2012-2022) - Hospitalized Incident Cases 66
3.6.1 Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS 66
3.6.2 Age-Specific Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS 68

3.6.3 Sex-Specific Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS 70
3.6.4 Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS by STEMI, NSTEMI, and UA 72
3.6.5 ACS Cases That Survived Until Hospital Discharge and for One Year 75
3.6.6 Age-Specific ACS Cases That Survived Until Hospital Discharge 78
3.6.7 Age-Standardized Incidence of ACS 79
3.7 Epidemiological Forecast for MI (2012-2022) - Prevalent Cases 81
3.7.1 Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI 81
3.7.2 Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI Segmented by STEMI and NSTEMI 83
3.7.3 Age-Specific Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI 84
3.7.4 Sex-Specific Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI 86
3.7.5 Age-Standardized Diagnosed Prevalence of MI 87
3.8 Discussion 89
3.8.1 Epidemiological Forecast Insight 89

3.8.2 Limitations of the Analysis 90
3.8.3 Strengths of the Analysis 91
4 Appendix 93
4.1 Bibliography 93
4.2 About the Authors 104
4.2.1 Epidemiologists 104
4.2.2 Reviewers 104
4.2.3 Global Director of Epidemiology and Health Policy 105
4.2.4 Global Head of Healthcare 106
4.3 About GlobalData 107
4.4 About EpiCast 107
4.5 Disclaimer 107

1.1 List of Tables

Table 1: Risk Factors and Comorbidities for CHD and ACS 13
Table 2: Germany, MI Incidence and Re-Infarction Rates (Cases per 100,000 Population), 1985-1987 and 2001-2003 22
Table 3: Spain, MI Incidence Rate (Cases per 100,000 Population) and Incidence Trends, 2000 and 2013 24
Table 4: England and Scotland, Temporal Trends in the MI Incidence (Cases per 100,000 Population), 2002-2010 24
Table 5: 7MM, Summary of STEMI and NSTEMI In-Hospital and One-Year Case-Fatality Rates 31
Table 6: Global, Crude Total Population Prevalence Percentages of Angina Pectoris and Mean Age of Study Participants 34
Table 7: 7MM, Sources of MI and UA Incidence Data 39

Table 8: 7MM, Sources of Diagnosed Prevalence Data for MI 41
Table 9: 7MM, Data Sources of STEMI and NSTEMI Proportions Among Hospitalized Cases of MI 42
Table 10: 7MM, Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS, Ages ? 25 Years, Both Sexes, N (Col %), Selected Years, 2012-2022 67
Table 11: 7MM, Age-Specific Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS, Both Sexes, N (Row %). 2012 69
Table 12: 7MM, Sex-Specific Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS, Ages ? 25 Years, N (Row %), 2012 71
Table 13: 7MM, Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS Segmented by STEMI, NSTEMI, and UA (N, Row %), Ages ? 25 Years, Both Sexes, 2012 73

Table 14: 7MM, ACS Cases That Survived Until Hospital Discharge, Ages ? 25 Years, Both Sexes, N, 2012 76
Table 15: 7MM, ACS Cases That Survived for One Year Post-Discharge, Ages ? 25 Years, Both Sexes, N, 2012 77
Table 16: 7MM, Age-Specific ACS Cases That Survived Until Hospital Discharge and for One Year, Post-Discharge Both Sexes, N, 2012 79
Table 17: 6MM, Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI, Ages ? 25 Years, Both Sexes, N (Col %), Select Years, 2012-2022 82
Table 18: 6MM, Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI Segmented by STEMI and NSTEMI, Ages ? 25 Years, Both Sexes, N (Row %), 2012 83
Table 19: 6MM, Age-Specific Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI, Both Sexes, N (Row %), 2012 85
Table 20: 6MM, Sex-Specific Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI, Ages ? 25 Years, N (Row %), 2012 86
Table 21: 7MM, Historical Data Validation 92

1.2 List of Figures

Figure 1: US, Temporal Trend in the Hospitalized MI Incidence from the Worcester Heart Attack Study, All Ages, 1975-2005 20
Figure 2: UK, Age-Adjusted MI Incidence and Hospitalized Incidence (Cases per 100,000 Population), Men, 2002-2010 25
Figure 3: UK, Age-Adjusted MI Incidence and Hospitalized Incidence (Cases per 100,000 Population), Women, 2002-2010 26
Figure 4: England and Scotland, Age-Adjusted Temporal Trends in MI Mortality, Deaths per 100,000 Population, Men and Women, 2002-2010 27
Figure 5: US, Germany, and UK, Crude Diagnosed MI Prevalence in Men and Women, 1990-2008 32
Figure 6: Global, Crude Total Population Prevalence Percentages of Angina Pectoris (%) 35
Figure 7: MI Forecast Case Flow Map 38
Figure 8: 7MM, Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS, Ages ?25 Years, Both Sexes, N, Select Years, 2012-2022 68
Figure 9: 7MM, Age-Specific Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS, Both Sexes, N, 2012 70
Figure 10: 7MM, Sex-Specific Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS, Ages ? 25 Years, N, 2012 72
Figure 11: 7MM, Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS Segmented by STEMI, NSTEMI, and UA, Ages ? 25 Years, Both Sexes, N, 2012 74
Figure 12: 7MM, Survival of Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS, Ages ? 25 Years, Both Sexes, %, 2012 75

Figure 13: 7MM, Age-Specific Survival of Hospitalized Incident Cases of ACS, Both Sexes, %, 2012 78
Figure 14: 7MM, Age-Standardized Incidence of ACS (Cases per 100,000 Population), Ages ? 25 Years, 2012 80
Figure 15: 6MM, Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI, Ages ? 25 Years, Both Sexes, N, 2012-2022 82
Figure 16: 6MM, Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI Segmented by STEMI and NSTEMI, Ages ? 25 Years, Both Sexes, N, 2012 84
Figure 17: 6MM, Age-Specific Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI, Both Sexes, N, 2012 85
Figure 18: 6MM, Sex-Specific Diagnosed Prevalent Cases of MI, Ages ? 25 Years, N, 2012 87
Figure 19: 6MM, Age-Standardized Diagnosed Prevalence of MI, Ages ? 25 Years, %, 2012 88

To order this report: EpiCast Report: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) - Epidemiology Forecast to 2022
http://www.reportlinker.com/p01957646/EpiCast-Report-Acute-Coronary-Syndrome-ACS---Epidemiology-Forecast-to-2022.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Pathology

__________________________
Contact Clare: clare@reportlinker.com
US: (339)-368-6001
Intl: +1 339-368-6001

SOURCE Reportlinker



RELATED LINKS
http://www.reportlinker.com

More by this Source


Custom Packages

Browse our custom packages or build your own to meet your unique communications needs.

Start today.

 

PR Newswire Membership

Fill out a PR Newswire membership form or contact us at (888) 776-0942.

Learn about PR Newswire services

Request more information about PR Newswire products and services or call us at (888) 776-0942.