Because the body's ability to control blood sugar levels is impaired in people with diabetes, patients must regularly test and monitor their blood sugar. This is traditionally done multiple times per day by taking a blood sample from the fingertip (known as a "fingerstick" sample) and testing it with a blood glucose meter. Results indicate if glucose levels are too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia), helping patients and their health care providers make appropriate diabetes management decisions.
The G5 Mobile Continuous Glucose Monitoring System uses a small sensor wire inserted just below the skin that continuously measures and monitors glucose levels. Real-time results are sent wirelessly every five minutes to a dedicated receiver and a compatible mobile device (e.g., smart phone or tablet) running a mobile app. Alarms and alerts indicate glucose levels above or below user-set thresholds. The system measures glucose in fluid under the skin and must be calibrated at least two times per day using blood obtained from fingerstick tests. However, additional daily fingerstick blood tests are generally no longer necessary because unlike other continuous glucose monitoring systems, results from this device can now be used directly by patients to make diabetes treatment decisions without confirmation from a traditional fingerstick test.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 29 million people in the U.S. have diabetes. People with diabetes either don't make enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or can't use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes). When the body doesn't have enough insulin or can't use it effectively, blood sugar builds up in the blood. High blood sugar levels can lead to heart disease; stroke; blindness; kidney failure; and amputation of toes, feet or legs.
The FDA evaluated data from two clinical studies of the G5 Mobile Continuous Glucose Monitoring System. These studies included 130 adults and children aged 2 years and older with diabetes. All studies included a seven-day period where system readings were compared to blood glucose meter values, as well as to a laboratory test method that measures glucose values. No serious adverse events were reported during the studies.
Risks associated with use of the system may include hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia in cases where information provided by the device is inaccurate and used to make treatment decisions or where hardware or set-up issues disable alarms and alerts, as well as skin irritation or redness around the device's adhesive patch. Users are warned that the system must be calibrated using a fingerstick blood sample at least once every 12 hours and that taking any medications containing acetaminophen while wearing the system may falsely raise glucose readings.
The G5 Mobile Continuous Glucose Monitoring System is manufactured by Dexcom, Inc., located in San Diego, California.
For more information:
FDA: Diabetes Information
FDA: Medical Devices
FDA: Recently Approved Devices
FDA: CDRH Office of In Vitro Diagnostic Device Evaluation and Safety
The FDA, an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, promotes and protects the public health by, among other things, assuring the safety, effectiveness, and security of human and veterinary drugs, vaccines and other biological products for human use, and medical devices. The agency also is responsible for the safety and security of our nation's food supply, cosmetics, dietary supplements, products that give off electronic radiation, and for regulating tobacco products.
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SOURCE U.S. Food and Drug Administration