Flagstar Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2011 Results Delivers Substantially Improved Results for 2011

TROY, Mich., Jan. 24, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Flagstar Bancorp, Inc. (NYSE: FBC) (the "Company"), the holding company for Flagstar Bank, FSB (the "Bank"), today reported a fourth quarter 2011 net loss applicable to common stockholders of $(44.9) million, as compared to a third quarter 2011 net loss of $(14.2) million and a fourth quarter 2010 net loss of $(192.1) million. The full year 2011 net loss applicable to common stockholders was $(165.6) million, compared to a full year 2010 net loss of $(393.6) million.  

"Our results for the fourth quarter and full year 2011 reflect near-record revenues from our mortgage banking business, significant growth in net interest margin, de-risking of our balance sheet through building of reserves, and the benefits of our continuing transition to a full-service commercial bank.  While our 2011 results were negatively impacted by a challenging operating environment, we remain well capitalized with significant liquidity and look forward to delivering improved results in 2012," commented Joseph P. Campanelli, Chairman of the Board, President and CEO.

Campanelli continued, "I am proud of all that we have been able to accomplish this year.  During the fourth quarter, we transitioned to a new regulatory agency, made significant enhancements and investments in our mortgage loan servicing area, and successfully completed the divestitures of our retail branches in the Indiana and Georgia markets."            

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2011 Highlights:

  • Fourth quarter 2011 pre-tax, pre-credit cost income of $131.6 million increased 28.4 percent sequentially (see non-GAAP reconciliation).

  • Credit-related costs of $173.2 million in the fourth quarter 2011, as compared to $111.7 million in the third quarter 2011 (see non-GAAP reconciliation).
    • Increased allowance for loan losses by $36.0 million in the fourth quarter 2011 from prior quarter and representation and warranty reserve by $35.0 million from prior quarter, for a total increase in reserves of $71.0 million.

  • Maintained strong capital and liquidity levels at December 31, 2011:
    • Tier 1 capital ratio of 9.19 percent.
    • Cash and cash equivalents of $731.1 million, in addition to approximately $244.0 million in liquidity in the form of unencumbered marketable securities and over $550 million in unused borrowing capacity at the Federal Home Loan Bank.

  • Generated strong revenues from mortgage banking operations in the fourth quarter 2011:
    • Gain on loan sale income increased from the prior quarter to $106.9 million (margin of 102 basis points).
    • Net servicing revenue (includes loan administration and gain (loss) on trading securities) increased 71.3 percent from the prior quarter to $29.0 million.
    • Net loan fees and charges increased 55.6 percent from the prior quarter to $28.6 million.
    • Residential first mortgage loan originations of $10.2 billion in fourth quarter 2011, increased by $3.3 billion, or 47.1 percent, from prior quarter.

  • Net interest margin continued to improve in the fourth quarter 2011:
    • Bank net interest margin of 2.43 percent, improved from 2.30 percent in prior quarter.
    • Bank average cost of funds declined from the prior quarter to 1.79 percent.  
    • Continued growth in average interest-earning assets and average retail core deposits (includes demand, savings and money market deposit accounts).

  • Continued emphasis on credit risk management, primarily associated with loans originated prior to 2009:
    • Converted residential first mortgage servicing system to a nationally recognized loan servicing platform in fourth quarter 2011.
    • Made significant investments and enhancements in residential first mortgage loan default servicing and loss mitigation in the fourth quarter 2011.

  • Completed previously announced sales of 27-branch retail bank franchise in Georgia and 22-branch retail bank franchise in Indiana, resulting in an aggregate net gain of $21.4 million (reported in net gain on sale of assets) in the fourth quarter 2011.

  • Full year 2011 net loss applicable to common stockholders improved by 57.9 percent from prior year.
    • Pre-tax, pre-credit cost income improved by $46.8 million, or 16.1 percent, from prior year (see non-GAAP reconciliation).
    • Total credit-related-costs decreased by $178.5 million from prior year (see non-GAAP reconciliation).
    • Bank net interest margin increased by 38 basis points from prior year.
    • Net servicing revenue (includes loan administration and gain (loss) on trading securities) increased by $26.5 million from prior year.

Fourth quarter 2011 net loss was $(0.08) per share (diluted) based on average shares outstanding of 555,360,000, as compared to a third quarter 2011 loss of $(0.03) per share (diluted) based on average shares outstanding of 554,489,000 and $(0.74) per share (diluted) based on average shares outstanding of 259,946,000 in the fourth quarter 2010.

For the full year 2011, net loss applicable to common stockholders was $(165.6) million, or $(0.30) per share (diluted) based on average shares outstanding of 554,343,000, a 57.9 percent improvement as compared to the full year 2010 loss of $(393.6) million, or $(2.44) per share (diluted) based on average shares of 161,565,000.

Georgia and Indiana Branch Sales

During the fourth quarter, the Company consummated the previously announced sales of the retail bank branch franchises in Indiana and Georgia to separate purchasers.  On December 2, 2011, the Company announced the completion of the sale of the 22-branch Indiana retail bank franchise to First Financial Bank, N.A., a wholly owned subsidiary of First Financial Bancorp.  On December 9, 2011, the Company announced the completion of the sale of the 27-branch Georgia retail bank franchise to PNC Bank, N.A., part of The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc.  The two transactions resulted in an aggregate net gain of $21.4 million.

Deferral of Dividend and Interest Payments

The Company intends to provide notice to the U.S. Department of the Treasury exercising its contractual rights to defer its regularly scheduled quarterly payments of dividends, beginning with February 2012 payments, on preferred stock issued and outstanding in connection with the Company's participation in the TARP Capital Purchase Program.  Under the terms of the preferred stock, the Company may defer payments of dividends for up to six quarters in total without default or penalty.

Concurrently, the Company intends to exercise its contractual rights to defer interest payments with respect to its trust preferred securities.  Under the terms of the related indentures, the Company may defer interest payments for up to 20 consecutive quarters without default or penalty.

At December 31, 2011, the Bank remained well capitalized.  However, the Company believes it is prudent capital stewardship to refrain from making further payments until the Company's financial condition improves.  These payments will be periodically evaluated and reinstated when appropriate, subject to provisions of the supervisory agreement currently in place with the Company.

Net Interest Income

Fourth quarter 2011 net interest income was $75.9 million, as compared to $65.6 million during the third quarter 2011.  The increase in net interest income from prior quarter was driven primarily by growth in average interest-earning assets and an improvement in funding costs on deposits and FHLB advances.  

Net interest margin for the Bank was 2.43 percent for the fourth quarter 2011, as compared to 2.30 percent for the third quarter 2011.  

Average interest-earning assets increased by 9.2 percent to $12.8 billion in the fourth quarter 2011, as compared to $11.7 billion in the third quarter 2011.  The increase from the prior quarter was reflective of growth in the average balances of the Company's targeted growth portfolios, primarily warehouse loans made to other mortgage-related entities, available-for-sale residential first mortgage loans and commercial loans. This growth offset the 15 basis point decline in average yield on interest-earning assets, primarily due to the decline in mortgage yields that arose from the U.S. Treasury 10-year rate declines during the fourth quarter 2011.

The average cost of funds for the fourth quarter 2011 was 1.81 percent, a 28 basis point improvement from the prior quarter and a 50 basis point improvement from fourth quarter 2010. The improvement was driven by a lower cost of deposits and a lower cost on FHLB advances from a full quarter's impact of the refinance of $1.0 billion of long-term FHLB advances that occurred at the end of the third quarter 2011.  

The average cost of deposits declined in the fourth quarter 2011 to 1.24 percent, compared to 1.37 percent in the third quarter 2011.  The decrease in the cost of deposits from prior quarter was primarily attributable to a more favorable mix of deposits and reduced reliance on wholesale borrowings, as well as to the sale of the associated deposits of the Georgia and Indiana branch sales, which had a higher average funding cost than the remaining deposits.  The funding outflow associated with the sale of the deposits was offset by growth in retail and government deposits and short term FHLB advances, both of which provided lower funding costs.

Non-interest Income

Fourth quarter 2011 non-interest income was $118.6 million, as compared to $112.6 million for the third quarter 2011.  Excluding the representation and warranty reserve – change in estimate, non-interest income was $187.9 million in the fourth quarter 2011, compared to $151.5 million in the third quarter 2011.  The increase in non-interest income from the prior quarter was attributable to increases in gain on loan sale income, loan fees and charges, and net servicing revenues, and an aggregate net gain from the sale of the Indiana and Georgia retail bank franchises.

Fourth quarter 2011 gain on loan sales totaled $106.9 million, compared to $103.9 million for the third quarter 2011.  The increase from the prior quarter was a result of increased residential first mortgage originations and continued strong margin on the sales of those originations, as well as a reduction in overall hedging costs.  Residential first mortgage originations, which are principally comprised of agency-eligible residential first mortgages, increased to $10.2 billion during the fourth quarter 2011, from $6.9 billion in the third quarter 2011.  Loan sales also increased for the fourth quarter 2011 to $10.5 billion, as compared to $6.8 billion for the third quarter 2011.  

Gain on loan sale margin, which is calculated based on mortgage rate lock commitments and actual loan sales, net of sales expenses and hedging costs, decreased to 1.02 percent for the fourth quarter 2011, as compared to 1.53 percent for the third quarter 2011.  Mortgage rate lock commitments decreased to $11.2 billion during the fourth quarter 2011, as compared to $13.1 billion during the third quarter 2011.  

Loan fees and charges increased to $28.6 million in the fourth quarter 2011, compared to $18.4 million in the third quarter 2011, based on increased originations during the quarter.

Net servicing revenue, which is the combination of net loan administration income (including the off-balance hedges of mortgage servicing rights) and the gain (loss) on trading securities (the on-balance sheet hedges of mortgage servicing rights), increased to $29.0 million during fourth quarter 2011, as compared to $16.9 million during third quarter 2011.  The increase from the prior quarter was primarily attributable to hedge positioning, along with reduced rate volatility, and an increase in servicing fee income associated with a larger servicing portfolio that arose from the increased loan sales activity during the quarter.

Non-interest Expense

Fourth quarter non-interest expense was $172.5 million, compared to $150.7 million in the third quarter 2011.  Excluding asset resolution expense, non-interest expense was $140.1 million in the fourth quarter 2011, compared to $116.2 million in the third quarter 2011.  The increase from the prior quarter was primarily driven by increased compensation and commissions related to the growth in the mortgage banking business, including mortgage servicing operations, and an increase in consulting fees related to improvements in mortgage servicing and other banking operations.  The efficiency ratio, as adjusted to exclude credit related costs, improved to 53.1 percent during the fourth quarter 2011, as compared to 53.5 percent during the third quarter 2011 (see Non-GAAP reconciliation).

Compensation, benefits and commission expense increased to $74.2 million for the fourth quarter 2011, as compared to $65.4 million in third quarter 2011.  The increase in compensation, benefits and commission from prior quarter was driven primarily by a 47.1 percent increase in residential first mortgage loan origination volume as compared to the prior quarter.  

General and administrative expense increased to $34.4 million in the fourth quarter 2011, compared to $26.6 million in the third quarter 2011.  The increase from the prior quarter was primarily due to increased consulting fees associated with the enhancements made in the residential first mortgage loan default servicing and loss mitigation areas.  

Warrant expense was $0.1 million for the fourth quarter 2011, as compared to income of $(4.2) million in the third quarter 2011, reflecting the increase in the quarterly valuation of the outstanding warrant liability primarily due to the increase in the market price of the Company's common stock since the end of third quarter 2011.

Balance Sheet and Funding

Total assets at December 31, 2011 were $13.6 billion, as compared to $13.7 billion at September 30, 2011.  The decrease from prior quarter is the result of a decline in residential first mortgage loans held available-for-sale, as loan sales exceeded originations, partially offset by the growth in the mortgage servicing rights portfolio due to the loan sale activity.  The decline was also partially offset by growth in warehouse lending, which funds correspondents that also originate residential first mortgage loans, and growth in the commercial and industrial loan portfolio.  At the same time, interest-bearing deposits declined, as a result of the sale of deposits in the Georgia and Indiana branches, but such outflow was primarily offset by increases in lower-costing retail deposits from the Bank's branch network and by increases in low-cost short-term FHLB advances.

The Company funds its loans primarily with deposits obtained through its community banking branches and its internet banking platform, as well as deposits obtained from municipalities and investment banking firms.  Funds are also obtained from time to time through loan repayments and sales of loans and securities in the ordinary course of business, advances from the FHLB in varying maturities depending upon current needs, community banking operations, customer escrow accounts and security repurchase agreements.  The Company relies upon several of these sources at different times to address daily and forecasted liquidity needs for operational requirements and policy levels while managing overall net interest costs and interest-rate risk.  

At December 31, 2011, the Bank had a collateralized $4.6 billion line of credit with the FHLB, of which $4.0 billion was advanced or borrowed, and $555.2 million remained as borrowing capacity.  The Company also had $731.1 million in cash on hand and interest-earning deposits (excluding other marketable securities).

Credit Related Costs and Asset Quality

Credit related costs consist primarily of loan loss provision expense, representation and warranty reserve – change in estimate, asset resolution expense and impairment on investment securities available-for-sale.  Fourth quarter 2011 credit related costs totaled $173.2 million, as compared to $111.7 million for the third quarter 2011 (see Non-GAAP reconciliation).  The increase from the prior quarter includes $71.0 million in increases to the allowance for loan losses and representation and warranty reserve, and is reflective of the Company's emphasis on improving credit risk management through continued loan modifications and meaningful loss mitigation activities associated with loans originated prior to 2009.  In addition, the increase in the representation and warranty reserve – change in estimate reflects the continued but abating level of loan repurchase requests received from government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs), such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, and the response to matters prolonged by negative influences on housing values and mortgage finance.  

Fourth quarter 2011 loan loss provision expense was $63.5 million, as compared to $36.7 million in third quarter 2011. The increase from the prior quarter reflects a $36.0 million increase in the allowance for loan losses, due to increased loss rates arising from loan modification activity and updating of historical loss rates.  

Allowance for loan losses at December 31, 2011 was $318.0 million, or 4.5 percent of loans held-for-investment and 65.1 percent of non-performing loans held-for-investment, as compared to $282.0 million, or 4.1 percent of loans held-for-investment and 63.4 percent of non-performing loans held-for-investment at September 30, 2011.  

Total non-performing loans (i.e., loans 90 days or more past due and matured loans) increased to $488.4 million at December 31, 2011, compared to $444.9 million at September 30, 2011.  The increase from the prior quarter was primarily due to a $31.9 million increase in residential first mortgage performing troubled debt restructurings ("TDRs"), which are loan modifications that must be classified as non-performing during the first six months following the modification date, and an $8.5 million increase in commercial real estate non-performing loans.  Excluding performing TDRs, residential first mortgage non-performing loans remained relatively flat from the prior quarter.  The Company classifies residential first mortgage performing TDRs as non-performing loans until the loans have performed for six consecutive months following the modification date.  The increase in the level of performing TDRs from prior quarter is consistent with the Company's enhanced loan modification efforts.  

Non-performing commercial loans increased by $8.5 million to $101.0 million in the fourth quarter 2011, as compared to the $92.5 million in the third quarter 2011.  The increase from the prior quarter was primarily driven by four new delinquent commercial real estate loans with an average size of $2.2 million.  Loan loss provision expense related to the commercial real estate portfolio increased to $13.4 million in the fourth quarter 2011, compared to $11.4 million in the third quarter 2011.  

The Company maintains a representation and warranty reserve on the balance sheet, which reflects the estimate of probable losses it may incur on loans which have been sold or securitized into the secondary market, primarily to the GSEs.  In the fourth quarter 2011, provisions related to that representation and warranty reserve were $69.3 million, as compared to $39.0 million in the third quarter 2011.  

During the fourth quarter, the Company made refinements to the process for estimating the representation and warranty reserve, due primarily to changes in counterparty activity and our ability to estimate forecasted repurchase demands over the expected period of repurchase exposure.

Prior repurchase requests from the GSEs were largely concentrated in foreclosed loans. Recent repurchase requests have been more heavily weighted towards loans that are currently delinquent but for which the foreclosure sale has yet to occur, which the Company believes is an indication of acceleration of repurchase demands on a relatively static population by the GSEs.        

As a result of these refinements, we recorded a $35.0 million increase in our representation and warranty reserve in the fourth quarter.  As of December 31, 2011, the representation and warranty reserve was $120.0 million, as compared to $85.0 million as of September 30, 2011.  

Asset resolution expense, which includes expenses associated with foreclosed properties (including the foreclosure claims in process with Ginnie Mae), decreased slightly to $32.4 million in the fourth quarter 2011, as compared to $34.5 million in the third quarter of 2011.    

During the fourth quarter 2011, the Company recorded an impairment on investment securities available-for-sale of $(7.1) million, as compared to $(1.3) million during the third quarter 2011.  The impairment losses during the fourth quarter 2011 relate to expected future credit losses in securities backed by prime mortgage collateral. Management believes the deterioration in performance of the collateral underlying the securities is a result of continued macroeconomic weakness and continued declines in home prices.  

Capital

The Bank remained "well-capitalized" for regulatory purposes at December 31, 2011, with regulatory capital ratios of 9.19 percent for Tier 1 capital and 17.07 percent for total risk-based capital.  During the fourth quarter 2011, the Company invested $18.0 million in the Bank as capital, thereby providing cushion to ensure sufficient capital to effectively manage on-going business opportunities.  At December 31, 2011, the Company had an equity-to-assets ratio of 8.16 percent.

Earnings Conference Call

As previously announced, the Company's quarterly earnings conference call will be held on Wednesday, January 25, 2012 from 11:00 a.m. until 12:00 noon (Eastern).

Questions for discussion at the conference call may be submitted in advance by e-mail to investors@flagstar.com or asked live during the conference call.

The conference call and accompanying slide presentation will be webcast live on the Investor Relations section of the Company's Web site, www.flagstar.com, with replays available at that site for at least 10 days.

To listen by telephone, please call at least 10 minutes prior to the start of the conference call at (866) 294-1212 toll free or (702) 696-4911 and use passcode: 40653036.

About Flagstar

Flagstar Bancorp, Inc. is a full-service financial services company, offering a range of products and services to consumers, businesses, and homeowners.  With $13.6 billion in total assets at December 31, 2011, Flagstar is the largest publicly held savings bank headquartered in the Midwest.  As of December 31, 2011, Flagstar operated 113 branches in Michigan, 27 home loan centers in 13 states, and a total of four commercial banking offices in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.  Flagstar originates loans nationwide and is one of the leading originators of residential first mortgage loans. For more information, please visit www.flagstar.com.

Non-GAAP

This press release contains both financial measures based on accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) and non-GAAP based financial measures, which are used where management believes it to be helpful in understanding the Company's results of operations or financial position. Where non-GAAP financial measures are used, the comparable GAAP financial measure, as well as the reconcilement to the comparable GAAP financial measure, can be found in this press release. These disclosures should not be viewed as a substitute for operating results determined in accordance with GAAP, nor are they necessarily comparable to non-GAAP performance measures that may be presented by other companies.

Forward Looking Statements