Global Steel Industry

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Global Steel Industry

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This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Steel in Million Metric Tons by the following End-Use Applications: Construction, Automotive, Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East, Latin America, and Africa. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2010 through 2018. A six-year historic analysis is also provided for these markets. The report profiles 173 companies including many key and niche players such as Anshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd., ArcelorMittal, Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd, Evraz Group S.A., Nizhniy Tagil Iron and Steel Works, Novokuznetsk Iron and Steel Plant, Evraz Vítkovice Steel, Gerdau S.A., Hebei Iron and Steel Group Company Limited, JFE Steel Corporation, Jiangsu Shagang Group Co., Ltd., Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, Nucor Corporation., POSCO, Riva Group, Siderúrgica Venezolana SIVENSA S.A, Tata Steel Ltd., Tata Steel Europe Ltd., Tenaris S.A., Tenaris Tamsa, Thyssenkrupp Steel Europe AG, and United States Steel Corporation. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based upon search engine sources in the public domain.

I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONSStudy Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1Disclaimers I-2Data Interpretation & Reporting Level I-2Quantitative Techniques & Analytics I-3Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3Construction I-3Automotive I-3Machinery I-4Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment I-4Others I-4Finishes I-4Furniture I-4Steel Cans I-4Accessories I-4II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1

China: The Making of a Steel Giant in the 21st Century II-1

Table 1: Global Crude Steel Production (2011): Estimated

Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Volume in China Vs

Rest of World (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-2

Chinese Steel Industry Continues to be Haunted by Excess

Capacity Issues II-2

Impact of the 2007-2009 Economic Recession in Retrospect II-3

Table 2: Global Steel Market (2009-2011): Estimated

Percentage Breakdown of Capacity Utilization of Steel Plants

by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-4

Impact of the 2007-2009 Recession in Key Steel-Consuming Markets II-5

Construction II-5

A Retrospective Peek into the Monumental Meltdown of the US

Construction Industry During the 2007-2009 Recession II-5

Table 3: Housing Starts in the United States (2006-2010):

Yearly Breakdown of Number of Housing Starts (In '000

Units) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6

Table 4: Housing Starts in the United States (2006-2010):Yearly Breakdown of Number of Housing Starts (In '000s) bySize of Housing Unit - Single, 2-4 and 5+ Units (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-6

Table 5: Housing Starts in the United States (2006-2010):

Yearly Breakdown of Number of Housing Starts (In '000s) by

Family Size - Single and Multiple Family (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-7

Table 6: Housing Starts in the United States (2006-2010):Yearly Breakdown of Number of Housing Starts (In '000s) byRegions - North East, Mid-West, South, and West (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-8A Review of the Current Progress in the Industry's Recovery II-8Table 7: Housing Starts in the United States (2011&2012):Yearly Breakdown of Number of Housing Starts (In '000Units) II-9Automotive II-9Opportunity Indicators II-11Table 8: World Production of Passenger Cars: Breakdown ofProduction Figures in '000 Units for Years 2013, 2015 &2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-11

Table 9: World Production of Commercial Vehicles: Breakdown

of Production Figures in '000 Units for Years 2013, 2015 &

2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12

Heavy Machinery Industry II-12

Surplus Capacity & Rising Raw Material Costs Pose Challenges II-13

Impact of the European Debt Crisis: A Review II-13

Slowdown in Chinese Economic Growth to Drag Down Global

Consumption of Steel II-15

Outlook II-15

Key Market Share Findings II-15

Table 10: Global Steel Market (2011): Percentage Share

Breakdown of Production Capacity by Leading Players (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-15

Table 11: Global Stainless Steel Market (2011): PercentageMarket Share Breakdown of Leading Producers (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-16

Table 12: Leading Iron Ore Producers Worldwide (2011):

Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Capacity by Leading

Players (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-16

Table 13: Global Flat Steel Market (2011): Percentage ShareBreakdown of Production Capacity of Leading Players (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-17Other Statistical Findings II-17Table 14: Global Steel Market (2011): Percentage ShareBreakdown of Consumption by Steel Shape (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-17

Table 15: Global Steel Market (2011): Percentage Share

Breakdown of Consumption by Quality (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) II-17

Table 16: Global Finished Steel Consumption: Estimated Percapita Consumption by Geographic Region/Country for the Year2011 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18

Table 17: World Crude Steel Market (2011): Per Capita Steel

Use In Select Countries (In Kgs per Capita) (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18

Table 18: Global Crude Steel Market (2011): Percentage ShareBreakdown of Production Volume by Country (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-18

Table 19: Global Stainless Steel Market (2011): Percentage

Share Breakdown of Consumption by Region/Country (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-19

Table 20: Global Stainless Steel Welded Tube & Pipe Market(2011): Percentage Share Breakdown of Production byGeographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-19

Table 21: Global Stainless Steel Welded Tube & Pipe Market

(2011): Percentage Share Breakdown of Consumption by

Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-19

Table 22: Global Steel Production (2011): Percentage ShareBreakdown of Production by Process (includes correspondingGraph/Chart) II-20

Table 23: Global Stainless Steel Welded Tube & Pipe Market

(2011): Percentage Share Breakdown of Consumption by End-Use

Segments (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-20

2. INDUSTRY TRENDS & ISSUES II-21Urbanization & Infrastructure Development in DevelopingCountries to Drive Growth II-21BRIC & CIVETS Spearhead World Consumption of Steel II-21BRIC: To Drive Global Growth in the Short-to- Medium Term Period II-21CIVETS: New Hope in the Longer Term II-21Rising Demand for Recycled Steel Pushes Up Demand for Steel Scrap II-22Export Restrictions on Steel Scrap Tightens Raw Material Supply II-22Table 24: Global Iron Ore Market: Cumulative Breakdown of NewIron Ore Production Capacity by Country in Million MetricTons for the Period 2011 Through 2016 (includes correspondingGraph/Chart) II-23Use of Lower Grade Steels In Automotive Industry II-23Steel Wins Over Aluminium II-23With the Exception of China, Consolidation Slows Down in theGlobal Steel Industry II-24Lack of Geographical Diversification II-24Market for Faux Stainless Products Gaining Ground II-25Development of E-Business II-25Surge in Cost Cutting Drives II-25Innovations in Design and Production II-25Unfair Trade Practices: The Agony Continues for Global SteelIndustry II-26Steel Industry Persists with its Energy Conservation Drive II-26Steel Industry Adopts An Environmentally Friendly Approach II-26The Section 201 Steel Tariff In The US Steel Industry: AMemorable Event In History II-27Table 25: The US Steel Import Tariff Structure Announced inMarch 2002 II-27Reasons Cited for Imposing Section 201 II-27A Blow to Global Economic Recovery: Reactions to Section 201 II-28Cries Against Section 201: A Domestic Industry Viewpoint II-28Ill-prepared to Face Global Competition II-28Timing of Imposition of the Law II-29The Aftermath II-29The EU Responds II-29Russia Emerges Unharmed II-30

3. PRODUCT OVERVIEW II-31

The Steel Transition II-31

Steel: The Sage of a Non-Ferrous Metal II-31

The Backbone of Human Development II-31

Steel Composition II-32

Steel Properties II-32

Steel Classification II-32

Carbon Steels II-32

Table 26: Carbon Steels - Alloying Elements of Steel not

exceeding the Following Limits of Weight (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-33

Alloy Steels II-33

Stainless Steels II-33

Austenitic Grade II-34

Ferritic Grade II-34

Martensitic Grade II-34

Tool Steels II-35

High-Speed Tool Steels II-35

Cold-Work Tool Steels II-35

Hot-Work Tool Steels II-35

Mold Steels II-35

Shock-Resistant Tool Steels II-36

Water-Hardening Tool Steels II-36

Special-Purpose Tool Steels II-36

Chromium Steel II-36

Nickel Steel II-36

High Speed Steel II-36

Cobalt Steel II-37

Ferro-Tic Carbide II-37

Carbide Tipped II-37

Solid Carbide II-37

Packaging Steels and Applications II-37

Steel Manufacturing Process II-38

Coke Making II-38

Iron Making II-39

Blast Furnace Iron Making II-39

Iron-Rich Byproducts: Recycled by Sintering II-39

Use of Blast Furnace in Producing Pig Iron II-40

Direct Reduction II-41

Iron Smelting II-41

Steel Making - Basic Oxygen Furnace II-41

Classification of BOFs II-42

Bottom Blown II-42

Top Blown II-42

Combination Blown II-42

Steel Making - Electric Arc Furnace II-42

Refining and Casting II-43

Ladle Refining II-44

Casting II-45

Strip Casting II-45

Continuous Casting II-45

Forming and Finishing II-46

Rolling and Finishing - Rod and Bar Products II-46

Steel Shapes Produced Via Hot Forming Operations II-47

Pickling and Other Finishing Processes Clean Up the Hot-

Rolled Shapes II-47

Cold Forming - Modifies Properties of Some Steels II-48

Steel Recycling II-48

4. AN OVERVIEW OF MAJOR END-USE SEGMENTS II-49Construction II-49Automotive II-49Machinery II-49Appliances II-50Canned Food II-50Accessories II-50Finishes II-50Furniture II-50

5. STAINLESS STEEL INDUSTRY - AN OVERVIEW II-51

End-Use Applications of Stainless Steel II-51

6. GLOBAL STEEL ASSOCIATIONS II-53British Constructional Steelwork Association (BCSA) (UK) II-53British Metals Recycling Association (BMRA) (UK) II-53Iron and Steel Statistics Bureau (ISSB) (UK) II-53Malaysian Structural Steel Association (MSSA) (Malaysia) II-53Metals Industry Skills and Performance Ltd. (MetSkill) (UK) II-53National Association of Steel Stockholders (NASS) (UK) II-53The International Iron and Steel Institute (IISI) (Belgium) II-54The Rolled Steel Association (Germany) II-54

7. PRODUCT INTRODUCTIONS/INNOVATIONS II-55

ArcelorMittal Unveils iCARe II-55

Nissan Motor Collaborates with Nippon Steel and Kobe Steel to

Launch Ultra High Tensile Strength Steel II-55

8. PRODUCT INNOVATION/LAUNCHES IN THE RECENT PAST - A PERSPECTIVEBUILDER II-56NSK Launches ES1: Stainless Steel for Bearings II-56United States Steel Unveils ACRYLUME CF™ Coated Sheet II-56Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Introduces FW SeriesStainless Steel II-56Tata Steel Unveils Galvanized Plain Steel Brand II-56Baosteel Develops Hot Rolled Steel II-57Baosteel Develops Stainless Steel Material II-57Yenakiyevo Steel Plant Unveils New Steel Grades II-57

9. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-58

Kingspan Group Acquires Construction Group of ThyssenKrupp

Steel Europe II-58

Bushwick Metals Takes Over Steel Service Companies II-58

Cianbro Acquires New Fabrication Facility II-59

Trinecke Zelezarny Acquires Wire Production Segment of ZDB Group II-59

JSW Steel Embarks on Merger Operation II-59

Pitti Castings Takes Over Vaksh Steel's Foundry Unit II-59

Synalloy Takes Over Palmer of Texas II-60

JMC Steel Takes Over Lakeside Steel II-60

Nucor Acquires Skyline Steel II-61

Alert Steel Holdings to Acquire Steelmecca's Business II-61

Precision Strip Acquires the Assets of the Worthington Steel

Vonore Plant II-61

Reliance Steel & Aluminum Takes Over National Specialty Alloys II-62

Bekaert Enters into a Joint Venture with Southern Steel Berhad II-62

JFE Steel Enters into an Agreement with JSW Steel II-62

Sumitomo Enters into a Joint Venture with Mukand II-63

Nippon Steel, Sumitomo, Sumitomo Pipe & Tube and Metal One to

Form a Joint Venture in Mexico II-63

Therma Luzon Enters into Partnership with Melters Steel II-63

POSCO Starts POSCO-CSPC Facility II-64

Baosteel Group Takes Over Fujian Desheng Nickel Product II-64

ArcelorMittal Ostrava Rolls Out New Steel Element for Road

Safety Barriers II-64

POSCO Unveils PBC-EV Steel Body for Electric Vehicles II-65

Outokumpu to Acquire Inoxum II-65

Nucor and ArcelorMittal Ink Stock Purchase Agreement II-65

Usiminas Mecânica and RCC Holding Ink Memorandum of Understanding II-65

Guangzhou Steel Sheets Replaces Guangzhou Iron and Steel

Enterprises Holdings as Investment Partner in Guangzhou JFE

Steel Sheet II-66

ArcelorMittal Constructs Wire Rod Mill in Duisburg II-66

Baosteel International Takes Over Baosteel Metal Auto Spare

Parts Sector II-66

Tata Steel Bags Contract from Discovery Producer Services II-67

Tata Steel Receives Contract from Enterprise Products Partner II-67

Siemens Wind Power Bestows Upon Steel Plate Contract to Tata

Steel II-68

OneSteel Takes Over Subsidiary Companies of WPG Resources II-68

Unigal Usiminas Inaugurates New Hot-Dip Galvanizing Production

Line in Ipatinga Mill II-68

Sumitomo Metal Industries Develops New Tin-Added Corrosion-

Resistant Steel II-69

Mechel Acquires DEMZ II-69

Sumitomo Metal Industries and Nippon Steel to Merge II-69

Ryerson Acquires Turret Steel and Affiliates II-70

Nippon Metal and Nisshin Steel to Merge II-70

Foulath Subsidiary SULB Takes Over UGS II-70

EAHL Takes Over Zisco II-70

ISCL Introduces Pioneering ISC Steel Zone at Rajasthan II-71

Special Steel Business Unit Enters into Strategic Cooperation

Agreement with Getrag (Jiangxi) Transmission II-71

Tata Steel Inks Licensing Agreement with Rio Tinto on Hisarna™ II-71

POSCO-CORE INDIA Opens New Facility II-72

United States Steel Inks Tubular Products Technology Agreement

with Lambda Technologies Group II-72

POSCO Takes Over Minor Stake in Tuwairqi Steel Mill II-72

Reliance Steel & Aluminium Takes Over Continental Alloys &

Services II-73

NLMK Purchases Remaining 50% Stake in Steel Invest and Finance

from Duferco II-73

Anshan Steel Gets Approval to Merge with Sanming Iron & Steel II-73

ROBOR Takes Over KMG Carbon Steel Division II-73

Ryerson Takes Over Singer Steel II-74

Endless Acquires Niagara LaSalle II-74

Sanyo and Mitsui Inks a Definitive Agreement with MUSCO for

Steel Manufacturing and Sale II-74

JSW Forms a Joint Venture with Marubeni-Itochu II-75

Erasteel to Enter into Deal with HeYe II-75

10. CORPORATE ACTIVITY IN THE RECENT PAST - A PERSPECTIVE BUILDER II-76Metinvest Completes Merger with Ilyich Steel II-76Sumitomo to Buy Stake in Bhushan Steels II-76Tata Steel Sells Stake to Southern Steel II-76Niagara LaSalle Acquires Three Companies II-76Esmark Combines US Businesses II-77Benxi Iron and Steel to Take Over Beitai Iron And Steel II-77D&J (Steels) Acquires Midsteel Bars II-77Worthington Industries Takes Over Gibraltar Industries II-77Essar Steel Opens Steel Hypermarts in Madhya Pradesh II-77EVRAZ Group Takes Over Cassar World Investments II-78Toyota Tsusho, JFE Steel and Maruichi Steel Tube to Take OverJeong An Vina II-78Baosteel Unveils Nitrogen-Controlled Martensitic Stainless Steel II-79EVRAZ Group Implements PCI Technology in Pig Iron Production II-79EVRAZ Group Enters into Agreement with ArcelorMittal Ostrava II-79JFE Steel Inks Technical Collaboration Agreement with GMHHolding to Expand Relationship II-79BlueScope Steel Inks Joint Technical Collaboration Agreementwith Nippon Steel II-80Evraz Group Divests ZAO Koksovaya to ZAO Raspadskaya-Koksovaya II-80JFE Steel Enters into Agreement with Mycron Steel forStrategic Collaboration II-81Gerdau to Takeover Gerdau Ameristeel II-81Minova Takes Over Tomco Steel II-81Jindal Steel and Power to Take Over Shadeed Iron & Steel II-81Aurora Capital Group Inks Definitive Agreement with NorthernSteel Group II-82Pangang, Benxi Iron and Steel, Anshan Iron and Steel to Merge II-82Four Chinese Steel Firms to Merge II-82Qatar Steel Acquires Minority Stake in South Steel II-82Ternium to Acquire Stake in Ferrasa II-83Mitsubishi Corporation to Merge with Shoji Light Metal II-83JFE Steel Buys Minority Stake in SUNSCO II-83Nittetsu Steel Pipe to Acquire Wuxi TSD II-83Ternium Signs Memorandum of Understanding with Nippon Steel II-84Shougang Group to Acquire Tonghua Iron & Steel Group II-84WSP Holdings Establishes New Company II-84Jai Balaji Merges with HEG Steel Division II-85Thyssen Krupp Steel Europe to Partly Transfer Stainless SteelBusiness into Alliance with Outokumpu II-85Consolidated Thompson Inks Agreement with Wuhan Iron and SteelCorp II-85NMDC Merges with Sponge Iron India II-85POSCO to Acquire Interest in Sungjin Geotec II-85Hebei Iron & Steel Group to Take Over Shijiazhuang Iron & Steel II-85Mill Steel Takes Over Assets of Coated Steel II-85Jinan Iron and Steel to Acquire Laiwu Steel II-86Joseph T. Ryerson & Son Takes Over Texas Steel Processing II-86Magneti Marelli Takes Over International Steel Solutions'Tennessee Facility II-86Tata Ryerson Renamed as Tata Steel Processing and Distribution II-86CSN Acquires Share in Panatlantica II-86Mycron Steel and JFE Steel Ink Strategic Collaboration Agreement II-87JFE Steel and Marubeni-Itochu Bag Line Pipe Orders fromChevron Australia II-87MMK Commences Secondary Steel Treatment Complex II-87Nucor and Mitsui Enter into Joint Venture to Form NuMit II-87POSCO Inks Technological Support and Steel Products SupplyAgreement with KOCEMA II-88Baosteel Group Inks Strategic Cooperation Agreement withTurfan Prefectural Administration Office II-88Tata Steel to Form Joint Venture with Nippon Steel II-88Canam Group Acquires Stake in FabSouth II-88Taiyuan Iron and Steel to Take Over Private Peers II-89Hebei Iron and Steel Group to Merge its Subsidiaries II-89Wuhan Iron and Steel Company to Take Over Stake in MMXMineracao e Metalicos II-89Nuclear Power and Larsen and Toubro to Enter into Joint Venture II-89Pipejoin Technologies Inks Definitive Agreement with ExtolResources II-89Nanjing Iron and Steel to Take Over Assets of Nanjing Iron andSteel United II-89JFE Steel and JSW Steel to Ink Collaborative Agreement II-90General Steel Holdings Inks LOI with Tangshan Baotai Iron andSteel Group II-90Essar Steel Acquires Shree Precoated Steels II-90CIFCO Futures to Merge Jiahe CIFCO Futures and ChinaInternational Futures II-90Three Foreign Companies Take Over Indonesian Steel Plants II-91Harsco Inks Agreement with Scholz Recycling II-91Evraz Group Inks Agreement to Acquire Carbofer Metall II-91Steel Companies to Divest Interest in Wabush Mines JV toConsolidated Thompson Iron Mines II-91National Mineral Development to Enter into Joint Venture withMajor Steel Companies II-92Manhattan Scientifics and Carpenter Technology Ink Contract II-92ArcelorMittal to Take Over Interest in Uttam Galva Steels II-92ArcelorMittal Netherlands Inks Agreement with Promoters ofUttam Galva Steels II-92Shandong Iron & Steel Group to Take Over Majority Interest inRizhao Steel Holding Group II-92AMETEK Specialty Metal Powders Acquires ANCOR® SpecialtiesStainless Steel Powder II-93Dongbei Special Steel Group Takes Over Anshan East AsiaPrecision Stainless Steel II-93Shougang Group Acquires Majority Interest in Changzhi Steel II-93Yalian Steel Acquires Yangzhou Yalian Steel Pipe II-93OJSC Novolipetsk Steel Takes Over Production AssociationUralvtorchermet II-93Big Tex Trailer Manufacturing Takes Over Circle J Trailers II-93CSP Inks MoU with Brazilian State II-94Gansu Jiuquan to Take Over Steel Assets of Jiuquan Iron andSteel Group II-94Xinyu Iron & Steel Takes Over Jiangxi Hongdu Steel II-94Nippon Steel to Take Over Interest in Posco Vietnam's SteelFacility II-94A.P. Moller-Maersk Inks Agreement with Baosteel II-94Scana Steel Booforge Acquires Assets of Ljungby Mekan II-94Tata Ryerson Establishes Steel Servicing Center II-94SteelTeam and Konecranes Ink Agreement II-95Baosteel Group Receives Chinese Regulatory Approvals forAcquiring Aquila Resources II-95China Securities Regulatory Commission Approves Launch ofScrew and Wire Steel Futures on SHFE II-95Usiminas Establishes Integrated Operation Center II-95Baosteel and China National Aviation Fuel Inks Steel SupplyAgreement II-96POSCO and Krakatau Steel Signs MOU to Establish an IntegratedSteel Mill II-96POSCO and USP Constructs Steel Pipe Facility II-96POSCO Opens Two Steel Processing plants II-96Mechel Commissions Ladle Furnace #3 II-96MMK Increases the Size Range Hot Dip Galvanized Steel II-97MMK Starts Production of Hot Dip Galvanized Steel Sheet II-97MMK Commences Production of S500MC Steel Grade for OJSC KAMAZ II-97Novolipetsk Steel Upgrades BOF Shop#1 II-97NLMK Resumes Production of Transformer Steel II-98Baosteel International West Area Inks Supply Agreement withSichuan Luzhou II-98Sumitomo Metal and Bhushan Steel Inks MOU for Steel Sheets'OEM Supply II-98Usiminas Forms Soluções Usiminas II-98Cargill Buys Stake in Cargill Robinson II-98Brown-Strauss Steel Purchases Assets of B-S Steel II-99TATA Steel to Merge with HMPCL II-99POSCO and Nippon Steel Form Joint Venture II-99Fortescue Inks Agreement with Valin II-99Kyoei Steel to merge with Tokyo Tekko II-100China Opportunity Acquisition Merges with Golden GreenEnterprises II-100Shougang to Takeover Changzhi Steel II-100Noveko International Plans to Buy BLI II-100SAIL Purchases Malvika Steel II-101Bhushan Steel Purchases Interest in Orissa Sponge II-101Evraz Group to Acquire Delong Holdings II-101Baosteel Group Plans to Purchase Ningbo Steel II-102JFE Steel Signs Agreement with Rasselstein II-102Vallourec Extends Collaboration with Sumitomo II-102Baosteel and CSSC Sign Strategic Cooperation Agreement II-103U. S. Steel Tubular Products Chooses to Close Drawn-Over-Mandrel Tubular Products Business II-103Tubacex Signs Long Term Cooperative Deal with Vallourec II-103Franklin Acquires Outstanding Shares of Vertical II-104Centrex Metals to Enter into a Joint Venture with Baotou II-104Bharat Forge and Areva Sign MoU II-104Severstal to Supply Steel for Renault Sandero II-104Corus Signs MoU with Marcegaglia and Dongkuk II-104Ruukki to Merge with Ruukki Production and Ruukki Metals II-105Sumitomo and Nippon Sign an Agreement to Integrate Business II-105Rautaruukki Acquires Skalles Eiendomsselskap II-105Mechel to Acquire Inprom II-105Monnet Ispat Acquires Stake in Orissa Sponge I ron & steel II-105MMK and Magnetto Automotive Invalidate Joint Venture II-106Visa Steel Raises Stake in Visa Bao II-106Minmetal Buys OZ Minerals II-106Mold Tek Technologies Signs Agreement with RMM Global and TechNet II-106Angang Obtains Approval to Raise its Stake II-106

11. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-107

Anshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd (China) II-107

ArcelorMittal (Luxembourg) II-107

Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd (China) II-107

Evraz Group S.A. (Russia) II-108

Nizhniy Tagil Iron and Steel Works II-108

Novokuznetsk Iron and Steel Plant II-108

Evraz Vítkovice Steel (Czech Republic) II-108

Gerdau S.A. (Brazil) II-108

Hebei Iron and Steel Group Company Limited (China) II-109

JFE Steel Corporation (Japan) II-109

Jiangsu Shagang Group Co., Ltd. (China) II-109

Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation (Japan) II-110

Nucor Corporation (USA) II-110

POSCO (South Korea) II-110

Riva Group (Italy) II-111

Siderúrgica Venezolana SIVENSA S.A (Venezuela) II-111

Tata Steel Ltd. (India) II-111

Tata Steel Europe Ltd. (UK) II-111

Tenaris S.A. (Luxembourg) II-112

Tenaris Tamsa (Mexico) II-112

ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG (Germany) II-112

United States Steel Corporation (USA) II-113

12. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-114Table 27: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis forSteel by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, Latin America andAfrica Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumptionin Million Metric Tons for Years 2010 through 2018 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-114

Table 28: World Historic Review for Steel by Geographic Region

- US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),

Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Million Metric Tons for

Years 2004 through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-115

Table 29: World 15-Year Perspective for Steel by GeographicRegion - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US,Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), MiddleEast, Latin America and Africa Markets for Years 2004, 2011 &2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-116Steel Market by End-Use Segment II-117Table 30: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis forSteel in Construction Sector by Geographic Region - US,Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), MiddleEast, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzedwith Annual Consumption in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-117

Table 31: World Historic Review for Steel in Construction

Sector by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,

Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, Latin America and

Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption

in Million Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-118

Table 32: World 15-Year Perspective for Steel in ConstructionSector by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of VolumeConsumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East, Latin America and AfricaMarkets for Years 2004, 2011 & 2018 (includes correspondingGraph/Chart) II-119

Table 33: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Steel in Automotive Industry by Geographic Region - US,

Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle

East, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed

with Annual Consumption in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010

through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-120

Table 34: World Historic Review for Steel in AutomotiveIndustry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, Latin America andAfrica Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumptionin Million Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-121

Table 35: World 15-Year Perspective for Steel in Automotive

Industry by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume

Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific

(excluding Japan), Middle East, Latin America and Africa

Markets for Years 2004, 2011 & 2018 (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) II-122

Table 36: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis forSteel in Machinery by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, LatinAmerica and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with AnnualConsumption in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010 through 2018(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-123

Table 37: World Historic Review for Steel in Machinery by

Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific

(excluding Japan), Middle East, Latin America and Africa

Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in

Million Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-124

Table 38: World 15-Year Perspective for Steel in Machinery byGeographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumptionfor US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets for Years 2004,2011 & 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-125

Table 39: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Steel in Other Domestic/ Commercial Equipment by Geographic

Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding

Japan), Middle East, Latin America and Africa Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in Million

Metric Tons for Years 2010 through 2018 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-126

Table 40: World Historic Review for Steel in OtherDomestic/Commercial Equipment by Geographic Region - US,Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), MiddleEast, Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzedwith Annual Consumption in Million Metric Tons for Years 2004through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-127

Table 41: World 15-Year Perspective for Steel in Other

Domestic/Commercial Equipment by Geographic Region -

Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for US, Canada,

Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East,

Latin America and Africa Markets for Years 2004, 2011 & 2018

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-128

Table 42: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis forSteel in Other End-Uses by Geographic Region - US, Canada,Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East,Latin America and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed withAnnual Consumption in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-129

Table 43: World Historic Review for Steel in Other End-Uses by

Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific

(excluding Japan), Middle East, Latin America and Africa

Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption in

Million Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-130

Table 44: World 15-Year Perspective for Steel in OtherEnd-Uses by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of VolumeConsumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific(excluding Japan), Middle East, Latin America and AfricaMarkets for Years 2004, 2011 & 2018 (includes correspondingGraph/Chart) II-131III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES III-1

A.Market Analysis III-1

Outlook III-1

Industry Overview III-1

US Steel Industry III-1

Reduction in De-Stocking Moves: A Harbinger of Recovery III-2

Imports Slow Down Growth in Standard Pipe Production in the US III-2

Flexibility: The Winning Formula III-2

Mergers of Integrated Mills with Mini-Mills: A Possible

Solution? III-3

Issues to be Addressed before Consolidation III-3

Styled Steel Wheels Making Inroads III-3

Slump in Heavy Steel Demand: A Major Concern for the Steel

Industry III-3

A Brief Sketch of Steel Industry's Major End-Use Market III-3

How the Steel Industry Conquers the Automotive Challenges? III-4

The Steel Recycling Trends III-4

The Recycling Advantage III-4

Consumer-Initiated Steel Recycling Programs III-4

China- The Looming Threat to the US Steel Industry III-4

Key Statistics: III-5

Table 45: North American Pig Iron Market (2011): Percentage

Share Breakdown of Production Output by Country - USA,

Canada, and Mexico (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5

Table 46: US Steel Market (2011): Percentage Breakdown ofVolume Production by Product Type - Flat Products and LongProducts (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5

Table 47: US Crude Steel Market (2011): Percentage

Breakdown of Volume Production by Type of Process -

Electric Furnace and Oxygen Blown Converter (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5

Strategic Corporate Development III-6

Product Launch III-11

Key Players III-12

B.Market Analytics III-13

Table 48: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Steel by End-Use Segment - Construction, Automotive,

Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others

Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption

Figures in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010 through 2018

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-13

Table 49: US Historic Review for Steel by End-Use Segment -Construction, Automotive, Machinery, OtherDomestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures inMillion Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) III-14

Table 50: US 15-Year Perspective for Steel by End-Use

Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for

Construction, Automotive, Machinery, Other

Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others Markets for Years

2004, 2011 & 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-15

2. CANADA III-16A.Market Analysis III-16Outlook III-16Industry Scenario III-16Implement New Production Processes and Be Competitive III-16Technological Change Shapes Convergence of Steel Mills III-16The Growth Strategy III-17Working in Tandem with End-Users - The Feature of CanadianSteel Industry III-17With Automotive Industry III-17With Construction Industry III-17With Household Appliances Industry III-17With Steel Can Producers III-17Productivity: The Backbone of Domestic Steel Industry'sSuccess in 1990s III-18Customer-Oriented Product Line III-18Implementation of Advanced Technologies and Innovations III-18Adopting a New Employment Structure III-18New Investments in Employees Training Programs III-18Steel Industry and its Customer Markets III-19The Road Ahead III-19B.Market Analytics III-20Table 51: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysisfor Steel by End-Use Segment - Construction, Automotive,Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and OthersMarkets Independently Analyzed with Annual ConsumptionFigures in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010 through 2018(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-20

Table 52: Canadian Historic Review for Steel by End-Use

Segment - Construction, Automotive, Machinery, Other

Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in

Million Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) III-21

Table 53: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Steel by End-UseSegment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption forConstruction, Automotive, Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others Markets for Years 2004,2011 & 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-22

3. JAPAN III-23

A.Market Analysis III-23

Outlook III-23

Market Overview III-23

Key Statistics: III-24

Table 54: Japanese Steel Market (2011): Percentage

Breakdown of Volume Sales by Product Type - Flat Products

and Long Products (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24

Table 55: Japanese Steel Market (2011): Breakdown of ExportVolume by Product Type III-24

Table 56: Japanese Steel Market (2011): Breakdown of Import

Volume by Product Type (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24

Table 57: Japanese Steel Market (2011): Percentage ShareBreakdown of Production by Leading Players (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) III-25Strategic Corporate Developments III-25Product Launches III-26Key Players III-27B.Market Analytics III-28Table 58: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysisfor Steel by End-Use Segment - Construction, Automotive,Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and OthersMarkets Independently Analyzed with Annual ConsumptionFigures in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010 through 2018(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-28

Table 59: Japanese Historic Review for Steel by End-Use

Segment - Construction, Automotive, Machinery, Other

Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in

Million Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) III-29

Table 60: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Steel by End-UseSegment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption forConstruction, Automotive, Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others Markets for Years 2004,2011 & 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-30

4. EUROPE III-31

A.Market Analysis III-31

Outlook III-31

The European Steel Industry and the European Economy III-31

Prepared to Embrace New Technologies III-31

Qualified, Trained and Motivated Personnel III-31

Reaching & Serving Customers III-31

Key Statistics: III-32

Table 61: EU Steel Market (2011): Percentage Breakdown of

Volume Sales by Product Type - Hot Rolled Flat Products and

Hot Rolled Long Products (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) III-32

Table 62: Crude Steel Production in the Euro Zone (2011):Percentage Share Breakdown of Production Volume by SelectCountries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

Table 63: European Stainless Steel Market (2011):

Percentage Market Share Breakdown by Leading Companies

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

B.Market Analytics III-33

Table 64: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis

for Steel by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK,

Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Million Metric

Tons for Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) III-33

Table 65: European Historic Review for Steel by GeographicRegion - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Restof Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with AnnualConsumption Figures in Million Metric Tons for Years 2004through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-34

Table 66: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis

for Steel by End-Use Segment - Construction, Automotive,

Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others

Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption

Figures in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010 through 2018

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

Table 67: European Historic Review for Steel by End-UseSegment - Construction, Automotive, Machinery, OtherDomestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures inMillion Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) III-36

Table 68: European 15-Year Perspective for Steel by

Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume

Consumption for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia

and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2004, 2011 & 2018

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-37

Table 69: European 15-Year Perspective for Steel by End-UseSegment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption forConstruction, Automotive, Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others Markets for Years 2004,2011 & 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-38

4a. FRANCE III-39

A.Market Analysis III-39

Outlook III-39

B.Market Analytics III-39

Table 70: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Steel by End-Use Segment - Construction, Automotive,

Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others

Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption

Figures in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010 through 2018

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-39

Table 71: French Historic Review for Steel by End-UseSegment - Construction, Automotive, Machinery, OtherDomestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures inMillion Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) III-40

Table 72: French 15-Year Perspective for Steel by End-Use

Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for

Construction, Automotive, Machinery, Other Domestic/

Commercial Equipment, and Others Markets for Years 2004,

2011 & 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

4b. GERMANY III-42A.Market Analysis III-42Outlook III-42The Rolled Steel Association III-42Strategic Corporate Developments III-42Key Players III-43B.Market Analytics III-44Table 73: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis forSteel by End-Use Segment - Construction, Automotive,Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and OthersMarkets Independently Analyzed with Annual ConsumptionFigures in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010 through 2018(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-44

Table 74: German Historic Review for Steel by End-Use

Segment - Construction, Automotive, Machinery, Other

Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in

Million Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) III-45

Table 75: German 15-Year Perspective for Steel by End-UseSegment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption forConstruction, Automotive, Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others Markets for Years 2004,2011 & 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-46

4c. ITALY III-47

A.Market Analysis III-47

Outlook III-47

Key Player III-47

B.Market Analytics III-48

Table 76: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis

for Steel by End-Use Segment - Construction, Automotive,

Machinery, Other Domestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others

Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption

Figures in Million Metric Tons for Years 2010 through 2018

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

Table 77: Italian Historic Review for Steel by End-UseSegment - Construction, Automotive, Machinery, OtherDomestic/Commercial Equipment, and Others MarketsIndependently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures inMillion Metric Tons for Years 2004 through 2009 (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) III-49

Table 78: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Steel by End-Use

Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Consumption for

Construction, Automotive, Machinery, Other Domestic/

Commercial Equipment, and Others Markets for Years 2004,

2011 & 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM III-51A.Market Analysis III-51Outlook III-51Steel Associations III-51British Constructional Steelwork Association (BCSA) III-51British Metals Recycling Association (BMRA) III-51Iron and

To order this report:: Global Steel Industry

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US:(339) 368 6001
Intl:+1 339 368 6001

 

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