Global Sulfur (Sulphur) Industry

Mar 14, 2016, 21:42 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, March 14, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Sulfur (Sulphur) in Thousand Metric Tons by the following End-Use Application Segments: Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Others. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East and Africa. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2014 through 2020. Also, a seven-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 53 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Abu Dhabi National Oil Company
Chemtrade Logistics
Enersul Limited
Marathon Petroleum Company LLC
National Est. For Agricultural and Industrial Sulphur



Read the full report: http://www.reportlinker.com/p03449659-summary/view-report.html



I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS

Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1 Disclaimers.............. I-2 Data Interpretation & Reporting Level I-2 Quantitative Techniques & Analytics I-3 Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3

II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. OUTLOOK.............. II-1 Prelude.............. II-1 Commercial Uses of Sulfur - An Overview II-2 Sulfuric Acid: The Prime Intermediary in Various Uses II-2 Post-Recession Recovery in the Chemical Industry Bodes Well for Market Growth..............II-3 Current & Future Analysis..............II-3 Fast Facts.............. II-4

2. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW.............. II-5 Classification of Sulfur Industry II-5 A Peek into Sulfur Reserves & Frasch Method II-5 Sulfur Production - A Review..............II-6 Table 1: Leading Sulfur Producing Countries Worldwide (2014): Production of Sulfur of All Forms in Thousand Metric Tons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6

Table 2: World Production of Elemental Sulfur by Source (2012, 2014 & 2016): Percentage Breakdown of Annual Output for Sulfur from Gas Recovered, Oil Recovered and Other Sources (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6 Factors Impacting Sulfur Supply..............II-7 Canadian Oil Sands.............. II-7 Latin American Heavy-Crude Production II-7 Other Factors Influencing Supply II-7 EX-IM Scenario - A Statistical Review II-8 Exports.............. II-8 Table 3: Leading Sulfur (Excluding Sublimed, Precipitated or Colloidal) Exporting Countries Worldwide: Annual Exports in Thousand Tons for Years 2013 & 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-8

Table 4: Leading Sulfur (Sublimed, Precipitated or Colloidal) Exporting Countries Worldwide: Annual Exports in Thousand Tons for Years 2013 & 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-8

Table 5: Leading Sulfuric Acid (Including Oleum) Exporting Countries Worldwide: Annual Exports in Thousand Tons for Years 2013 & 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-9 Imports.............. II-9 Table 6: Leading Sulfur (Excluding Sublimed, Precipitated or Colloidal) Importing Countries Worldwide: Annual Imports in Thousand Tons for Years 2013 & 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-9

Table 7: Leading Sulfur (Sublimed, Precipitated or Colloidal) Importing Countries Worldwide: Annual Imports in Thousand Tons for Years 2013 & 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-10

Table 8: Leading Sulfuric Acid (Including Oleum) Importing Countries Worldwide: Annual Imports in Thousand Tons for Years 2013 & 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-10 Select Key Market Trends..............II-11 Sulfur Prices Fall amid Weak Purchases II-11 Agriculture Sector - The Key Driver of Sulfur Demand II-11 Sulfur - A Secondary Macro-Nutrient in Crop Fertilization II-11 Emergence and Use of Various Types of Sulfur Fertilizers Drive Global Demand.............. II-12 Sulfur in Gasoline - The Real Culprit II-12 Evolution of the Fertilizer Industry: A Historical Glimpse II-13 Foundations of High Yields..............II-13 Industry Dynamics..............II-13 Sulfur, Its Place in the Chain..............II-13 Recovered Sulfur: Bane for Oil and Gas Companies II-14 Decrease in Crop Prices Affects Fertilizer Market Creating a Challenging Situation for Sulfur Fertilizer II-14

3. END-USE APPLICATIONS.............. II-15 Sulfur Industry: Largely Driven by End-Use Applications II-15 Agrochemicals: the Largest End-Use Application II-15 Phosphoric Acid and Phosphate Fertilizers Find Use in Various Processes.............. II-16 Table 9: Estimated Consumption of Sulfur in Fertilizer Products (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-17 Other Agriculture Based Application II-17 Role of E-commerce in the Agrochemical Industry II-17 India and China: the Largest Agrochemicals Markets II-18 Usage of Agrochemicals by Crop II-18 Table 10: Usage of Agrochemicals in Developed and Developing Countries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18 Strong Prospects in Petroleum Refining Bode Well for Sulfur Market.............. II-19 Sulfur Composition for Petroleum Refining Process II-20 Major Issues Impacting Petroleum Refining Industry II-20 Metal Mining: A Lucrative Market for Sulfuric Acid II-20 Mining Industry Survives Amidst Stringent Government Regulations, Positively Affecting Sulfur Market II-21 Table 11: Mining Industry Contribution to GDP (2014): % GDP Share for Select Countries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-22 Other Industrial and Chemical Uses II-22 Caprolactam Manufacturing..............II-22 Hydrofluoric Acid Synthesis..............II-23 Sulfur Construction Materials II-23 Role of Sulfur in Human Nutrition and Medicine II-23 Pulp & Paper Industry - Unique Needs of Mills Set Demand Trends for Sulfur..............II-24

4. PRODUCT OVERVIEW.............. II-25 Sulfur: An Abundantly Found Element II-25 Sulfur: A Historical Overview..............II-25 Classification of Sulfur Production Types II-26 Frasch Process.............. II-27 Sulfur from Pyrites..............II-27 Claus Process.............. II-27 Recovered Sulfur.............. II-27 Sulfur Processing.............. II-27 Formed Sulfurs.............. II-27 Precipitated Sulfur..............II-28 Milled Sulfurs.............. II-28 Emulsified Sulfur..............II-28 Properties of Sulfur..............II-28 Physical Properties..............II-28 Chemical Properties..............II-28 Chemical Characteristics of Sulfur II-29 Uses.............. II-29 Substitutes.............. II-29 Environmental Hazards..............II-29 Isotopes.............. II-30 Major Compounds.............. II-30 Forced Production of Sulfur on Rise II-30

5. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY..............II-31 Bashneft Starts Sulphur Production Pilot Operation at Bashneft-Ufaneftekhim Facility..............II-31 Pemex to Establish Mexico's First Solidifying Sulfur Plant II-31 Calabrian Increases Sulfur Dioxide Production Capacity in Texas Plant.............. II-31 Grupa Azoty to Acquire Stake in Sulphur Mining Company Zaklady Chemiczne Siarkopol..............II-31 Keyera Inks Long-Term Sulphur Services Agreement for Suncor Plant II-31 Tasweeq Inks Partnership Deal with Swiss Singapore II-31

6. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS..............II-32 Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (UAE) II-32 Chemtrade Logistics (Canada)..............II-32 Enersul Limited (Canada)..............II-32 Marathon Petroleum Company LLC (US) II-33 National Est. For Agricultural and Industrial Sulphur (Saudi Arabia).............. II-33 Norilsk Nickel (Russia)..............II-33 OAO Gazprom (Russia)..............II-34 Oriental Carbon & Chemicals Ltd. (India) II-34 Oxbow Carbon LLC (USA)..............II-34 PVS Chemicals, Inc. (US)..............II-35 Qatar International Petroleum Marketing Company Ltd. (Qatar) II-35 Royal Dutch Shell Plc (The Netherlands) II-35 Sinopec Corp. (China)..............II-36 Tengizchevroil LLP (Kazakhstan)..............II-36 The Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Arabia) II-36 Valero Energy Corporation (US) II-37

7. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE..............II-38 Table 12: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-38

Table 13: World Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-39

Table 14: World 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-40 Sulfur Market by End-Use Segment II-41 Table 15: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur in Agrochemicals by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-41

Table 16: World Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur in Agrochemicals by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-42

Table 17: World 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur in Agrochemicals by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-43

Table 18: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur in Petroleum Refining by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-44

Table 19: World Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur in Petroleum Refining by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-45

Table 20: World 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur in Petroleum Refining by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-46

Table 21: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur in Metal Mining by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-47

Table 22: World Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur in Metal Mining by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-48

Table 23: World 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur in Metal Mining by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-49

Table 24: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur in Other Applications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-50

Table 25: World Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur in Other Applications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-51

Table 26: World 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur in Other Applications by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America, Middle East and African Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-52

III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES.............. III-1 A.Market Analysis.............. III-1 Current & Future Analysis..............III-1 Sulfur Market in the US Witness Price Fluctuations III-1 Statistical Data..............III-2 Sulfur Production Scenario..............III-2 Table 27: US Sulfur Production by Form (2010-2014): Annual Output in Thousand Metric Tons for Recovered Elemental and Other Forms (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-2

Table 28: US Sulfur Production by Source (2013): Annual Output in Thousand Metric Tons for Metallurgy, Natural Gas and Petroleum (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-2 Exports Scenario.............. III-3 Table 29: US Exports of Sulfur (Excluding Sublimed, Precipitated and Colloidal Sulfur) by Destination Country (2014): Exports in US$ Thousand for Brazil, China, Morocco, New Caledonia, Mexico, Canada, France, Chile, Israel, India and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-3

Table 30: US Exports of Sulfur (Sublimed, Precipitated or Colloidal) by Destination Country (2014): Exports in US$ Thousand for Canada, Indonesia, China, Taiwan, Mexico, Colombia, Kazakhstan, Peru, Nigeria, South Korea and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-3

Table 31: US Exports of Sulfuric Acid (including Oleum) by Destination Country (2014): Exports in US$ Thousand for Canada, Israel, Mexico, Ireland and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4 Imports Scenario.............. III-4 Table 32: US Imports of Sulfur (Excluding Sublimed, Precipitated and Colloidal Sulfur) by Country of Origin (2014): Imports in US$ Thousand for Canada, Mexico, Venezuela, Kazakhstan, China, Poland, India, Sweden, France, Czech Republic and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-4

Table 33: US Imports of Sulfur (Sublimed, Precipitated or Colloidal) by Country of Origin (2014): Imports in US$ Thousand for Japan, China, Ecuador, Canada, UK and Germany (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5

Table 34: US Imports of Sulfuric Acid (including Oleum) by Country of Origin (2014): Imports in US$ Thousand for Canada, Mexico, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Taiwan, Poland and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5 Strategic Corporate Development III-6 Key Players.............. III-6 B.Market Analytics..............III-8 Table 35: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-8

Table 36: US Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-9

Table 37: US 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-10

2. CANADA.............. III-11 A.Market Analysis.............. III-11 Current & Future Analysis..............III-11 Majority Produce Moves to Offshore Markets III-11 Oil Sands: A Promising Source..............III-11 Table 38: Canadian Sulfur Production by Source (2013): Annual Output in Thousand Metric Tons for Metallurgy, and Oil sands, Petroleum and Natural Gas (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-12 Statistical Data..............III-12 Exports Scenario.............. III-12 Table 39: Canadian Exports of Sulfur (Excluding Sublimed, Precipitated and Colloidal Sulfur) by Destination Country (2014): Exports in US$ Thousand for Australia, US, Mexico, Chile, China and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-12

Table 40: Canadian Exports of Sulfur (Sublimed, Precipitated or Colloidal) by Destination Country (2014): Exports in US$ Thousand for China, South Africa, Australia, Cuba and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-13

Table 41: Canadian Exports of Sulfuric Acid (including Oleum) by Destination Country (2014): Exports in US$ Thousand for US, UAE, Netherlands, China, Greece and Others.............. III-13 Imports Scenario.............. III-14 Table 42: Canadian Imports of Sulfur (Excluding Sublimed, Precipitated and Colloidal Sulfur) by Country of Origin (2014): Imports in US$ Thousand for United States, China, Switzerland and Others (Including re-imports) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14

Table 43: Canadian Imports of Sulfur (Sublimed, Precipitated or Colloidal) by Country of Origin (2014): Imports in US$ Thousand for US, Germany, China and Others (including Re-imports)..............III-14

Table 44: Canadian Imports of Sulfuric Acid (including Oleum) by Country of Origin (2014): Imports in US$ Thousand for US, Australia and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-15 Strategic Corporate Development III-15 Key Players.............. III-15 B.Market Analytics..............III-17 Table 45: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-17

Table 46: Canadian Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-18

Table 47: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-19

3. JAPAN.............. III-20 A.Market Analysis.............. III-20 Current & Future Analysis..............III-20 A Glance at the Japan's Sulfuric Acid Market III-20 Sulfur Production.............. III-20 Table 48: Japanese Sulfur Production by Source (2013): Annual Output in Thousand Metric Tons for Metallurgy and Petroleum (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-20 B.Market Analytics..............III-21 Table 49: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-21

Table 50: Japanese Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-22

Table 51: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-23

4. EUROPE.............. III-24 A.Market Analysis.............. III-24 Current & Future Analysis..............III-24 European Sulphur Prices See Minimal Changes mid International Concerns..............III-24 Export Opportunities - A Worry for European Sulfur & Sulfuric Acid Producers..............III-24 Key Statistics.............. III-25 Table 52: European Sulfur Production by Source and Country (2013): Annual Output in Thousand Metric Tons for France, Finland, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Russia and Spain (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-25 B.Market Analytics..............III-26 Table 53: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-26

Table 54: European Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-27

Table 55: European 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-28

Table 56: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-29

Table 57: European Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-30

Table 58: European 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-31

4a. FRANCE.............. III-32 Market Analysis.............. III-32 Table 59: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-32

Table 60: French Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-33

Table 61: French 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-34

4b. GERMANY.............. III-35 Market Analysis.............. III-35 Table 62: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-35

Table 63: German Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-36

Table 64: German 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-37

4c. ITALY.............. III-38 Market Analysis.............. III-38 Table 65: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-38

Table 66: Italian Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-39

Table 67: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-40

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM..............III-41 Market Analysis.............. III-41 Table 68: UK Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-41

Table 69: UK Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-42

Table 70: UK 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-43

4e. SPAIN.............. III-44 Market Analysis.............. III-44 Table 71: Spanish Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-44

Table 72: Spanish Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-45

Table 73: Spanish 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-46

4f. RUSSIA.............. III-47 A.Market Analysis.............. III-47 Current & Future Analysis..............III-47 Strategic Corporate Development III-47 Key Players.............. III-47 B.Market Analytics..............III-49 Table 74: Russian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-49

Table 75: Russian Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-50

Table 76: Russian 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-51

4g. REST OF EUROPE.............. III-52 A.Market Analysis.............. III-52 Current & Future Analysis..............III-52 Strategic Corporate Development III-52 Key Players.............. III-52 B.Market Analytics..............III-53 Table 77: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-53

Table 78: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-54

Table 79: Rest of Europe 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-55

5. ASIA-PACIFIC.............. III-56 A.Market Analysis.............. III-56 Current & Future Analysis..............III-56 China - A Major Market in the Region III-56 Key Statistics.............. III-57 Table 80: Asia-Pacific Sulfur Production by Source and Country (2013): Annual Output in Thousand Metric Tons for Australia, China, India and South Korea (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-57 B.Market Analytics..............III-58 Table 81: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - China and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-58

Table 82: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - China and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-59

Table 83: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for China and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-60

Table 84: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61

Table 85: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-62

Table 86: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-63

5a. CHINA.............. III-64 A.Market Analysis.............. III-64 Current & Future Analysis..............III-64 Increasing Use of Sulfur Fertilizers to Boost Sulfur Demand III-64 China Climbs to the Top of the Global Sulfur Industry III-64 Sulfur Production to Increase Further III-65 Table 87: Sulfur Production in China (2014): Annual Production Capacity of Oil & Gas Refinery Elemental Sulfur in Million Tons by Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-65 Chinese Imports Show Signs of Slow Down III-66 Table 88: Chinese Imports of Sulfur: Volume Imports in Million Tons for Years 20015-2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-66 Economic Woes Hurt Chinese International Trade III-66 Sulfur Gains Importance as Critical Element for Enhancing Crop Yield.............. III-67 Merchant Acid Gains Favor in the Wake of High Sulfur Prices III-67 Sinopec Corp. - A Major Chinese Sulfur Producer III-68 B.Market Analytics..............III-69 Table 89: Chinese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-69

Table 90: Chinese Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-70

Table 91: Chinese 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-71

5b. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC..............III-72 A.Market Analysis.............. III-72 Current & Future Analysis..............III-72 Strategic Corporate Development III-72 Oriental Carbon & Chemicals Ltd. (India) - A Key Player III-72 B.Market Analytics..............III-73 Table 92: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

Table 93: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-74

Table 94: Rest of Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-75

6. LATIN AMERICA.............. III-76 Market Analysis.............. III-76 Table 95: Latin American Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - Brazil and Rest of Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-76

Table 96: Latin American Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - Brazil and Rest of Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-77

Table 97: Latin American 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Brazil and Rest of Latin American Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-78

Table 98: Latin American Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-79

Table 99: Latin American Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-80

Table 100: Latin American 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-81

6a. BRAZIL.............. III-82 A.Market Analysis.............. III-82 Current & Future Analysis..............III-82 Sulfur Production.............. III-82 Table 101: Brazilian Sulfur Production by Source (2013): Annual Output in Thousand Metric Tons for Metallurgy and Petroleum (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-82 B.Market Analytics..............III-83 Table 102: Brazilian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-83

Table 103: Brazilian Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-84

Table 104: Brazilian 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-85

6b. REST OF LATIN AMERICA..............III-86 A.Market Analysis.............. III-86 Current & Future Analysis..............III-86 Strategic Corporate Development III-86 B.Market Analytics..............III-87 Table 105: Rest of Latin American Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-87

Table 106: Rest of Latin American Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-88

Table 107: Rest of Latin American 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-89

7. THE MIDDLE EAST.............. III-90 A.Market Analysis.............. III-90 Current & Future Analysis..............III-90 Sulfur Production.............. III-90 Table 108: Middle East Sulfur Production by Source and Country (2014): Percentage Breakdown of Annual Sulfur Output Volume for Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-90 Middle Eastern Prices Drop in Wake of Demand Concerns III-91 Table 109: Middle Eastern Monthly Sulfur Prices for Saudi Aramco, ADNOC and Tasweeq: April 2014 to October 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-92 Key Players.............. III-92 B.Market Analytics..............III-94 Table 110: Middle East Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-94

Table 111: Middle East Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-95

Table 112: Middle East 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-96

8. AFRICA.............. III-97 Market Analysis.............. III-97 Table 113: African Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-97

Table 114: African Historic Review for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-98

Table 115: African 14-Year Perspective for Elemental Sulfur by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Agrochemicals, Petroleum Refining, Metal Mining, and Other End-Use Markets for Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-99

IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

Total Companies Profiled: 53 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 55)

The United States (11) Canada (7) Japan (1) Europe (18) - France (2) - Germany (1) - The United Kingdom (1) - Italy (2) - Spain (1) - Rest of Europe (11) Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (9) Latin America (2) Middle East (7)
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