Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. Reports Strong Operating Performance For The First Quarter

BETHESDA, Md., May 3, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. (NYSE: HST), the nation's largest lodging real estate investment trust ("REIT"), today announced results of operations for the first quarter ended March 31, 2013. On an "As Adjusted" basis, as described herein, the improvements in the Company's results were driven by a 5.1% increase in comparable hotel RevPAR and strong performances at its luxury and resort and conference center properties. 

(Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20060417/HOSTLOGO )

As of January 1, 2013, the Company adopted calendar quarter reporting periods, compared to 2012 where the Company reported based on the fiscal quarters that had been used by Marriott International. Accordingly, the Company's revenues, net income, Adjusted EBITDA, diluted earnings (loss) per share and NAREIT and Adjusted FFO per diluted share quarterly results for 2013 are not comparable to the historical quarterly results of 2012 due to the change in periods. To enable investors to better evaluate its performance, the Company has presented 2012 RevPAR and certain historical results on a calendar quarter basis (the "2012 As Adjusted" results). The 2012 As Adjusted first quarter results include (i) an adjustment to add the operations from March 24, 2012 through March 31, 2012 for the Company's Marriott-managed hotels and (ii) an adjustment to add the March operations for its hotels managed by Ritz-Carlton, Hyatt, Starwood and other managers who report on a calendar basis, as the Company's historical first quarter results only included January and February operations for these properties. Accordingly, the following discussion of operating performance will include a comparison between the three months of operations ended March 31 for both years, which management believes is an important supplemental measure of the Company's performance. For further discussion of the 2012 As Adjusted results, see the Notes to the Financial Information included in this release.

 

Operating Results

(in millions, except per share and hotel statistics)



                                                    Quarter ended                                                   



As Adjusted


As Reported



March 31,

March 31,


March 23,



2013

2012 (a)

% Change (b)

2012 (c)

% Change

Total owned hotel revenues

$          1,238

$          1,183

4.6%

$             892

38.8%

Comparable hotel revenues (a)

1,165

1,135

2.6%

N/M  

N/M

Comparable hotel RevPAR

142.87

135.98

5.1%

               N/M  

N/M

Net income

60

59

1.7%

N/M

Adjusted EBITDA (a)

283

257

10.1%

176

60.8%







Diluted earnings (loss) per share

$               .08

$               .07

14.3%

$                —

N/M

NAREIT FFO per diluted share (a)

.29

.24

20.8%

.14

107.1%

Adjusted FFO per diluted share (a)

.28

.24

16.7%

.14

100.0%

__________


N/M=Not Meaningful




(a)

NAREIT Funds From Operations ("FFO") per diluted share, Adjusted FFO per diluted share (which excludes debt extinguishment costs and other expenses), Adjusted EBITDA (which is earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and other items) and comparable hotel operating results (including comparable hotel revenues and comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margins) are non-GAAP (U.S. generally accepted accounting principles) financial measures within the meaning of the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). In addition, the presentation of 2012 As Adjusted results, including total owned hotel revenues and net income, are also non-GAAP financial measures. See the Notes to Financial Information included in this press release on why the Company believes these supplemental measures are useful, reconciliations to the applicable GAAP measure and the limitations on their use and information on how the 2012 As Adjusted results were calculated.

(b)

The March 31, 2012 As Adjusted results include one additional day of operations in February compared to March 31, 2013 due to the 2012 leap year.

(c)

Historical operating results for the first quarter 2012 as filed with the SEC on April 25, 2012.

 

The Company's owned hotel revenues increased 4.6% for the first quarter of 2013 compared to the 2012 As Adjusted results due to the strong performance of its comparable properties, as well as incremental revenues of $21 million from the Grand Hyatt Washington, which was acquired in July of 2012. The increase in comparable hotel RevPAR as adjusted was primarily driven by strong improvements in average room rates. For the first quarter, average room rates improved 4.0%, while occupancy improved 0.7 percentage points to 72.3%. The improvements in revenues led to solid margin growth as comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margins increased 85 basis points for the first quarter compared to 2012 As Adjusted.  

During the first quarter of 2013, the Company recognized a previously deferred gain of approximately $11 million related to the 2005 eminent domain claim by the State of Georgia for 2.9 acres of land at the Atlanta Marriott Perimeter Center for highway expansion. The Company received the cash in 2007 but could not recognize the gain until certain requirements were completed. The gain has been included in NAREIT FFO per diluted share, which is consistent with the treatment of gains recognized on the disposition of undepreciated assets. However, due to the significant passage of time since receipt of the proceeds, the Company has excluded the gain from its Adjusted FFO per diluted share and Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter.

INVESTMENTS

  • REDEVELOPMENT AND RETURN ON INVESTMENT EXPENDITURES - The Company invested approximately $21 million during the first quarter of 2013 in redevelopment and return on investment ("ROI") expenditures. These projects are designed to increase cash flow and improve profitability by capitalizing on changing market conditions and the favorable locations of the Company's properties. Projects completed during the first quarter included the development of a pavilion at the JW Marriott Desert Springs Resort & Spa and the conversion of a former restaurant into meeting space at the Westin New York Grand Central. The Company expects ROI investments for 2013 of approximately $90 million to $100 million.

  • CAPITAL EXPENDITURES AT OUR RECENT ACQUISITIONS – In conjunction with the acquisition of a property, the Company prepares capital and operational improvement plans designed to maximize profitability and enhance the guest experience. The Company spent approximately $15 million during the first quarter of 2013 on properties acquired in 2012 and 2011 and expects to invest between $40 million and $50 million for 2013. During the first quarter, the Company completed the renovation of all 888 guest rooms at the Grand Hyatt Washington and continued work on the guestrooms renovation in the second tower of the Manchester Grand Hyatt San Diego.

  • RENEWAL AND REPLACEMENT EXPENDITURES - The Company invested approximately $87 million in renewal and replacement expenditures during the first quarter. These expenditures are designed to ensure that the high-quality standards of both the Company and its operators are maintained. During the quarter, major renewal and replacement projects included rooms renovations at the Philadelphia Airport Marriott, the San Francisco Marriott Marquis and the San Diego Marriott Mission Valley, as well as the renovation of almost 40,000 square feet of meeting and public space at The Ritz-Carlton, Tysons Corner and over 36,000 square feet of meeting space at the Westin Denver Downtown. The Company expects that renewal and replacement expenditures for 2013 will total approximately $270 million to $290 million. 

VALUE ENHANCEMENT PROJECTS

In addition to the investments described above, the Company looks to enhance the value of its portfolio by identifying and executing strategies designed to maximize the highest and best use of all aspects of its properties. In early April, the Company sold approximately four acres of excess land adjacent to its Newport Beach Marriott Resort and Spa to a luxury home builder for $24 million. The land, which had previously been used for tennis courts, has been approved for the development and sale of 79 luxury condominiums. The Company recognized a gain of approximately $21 million, which will be included in net income, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted FFO in the second quarter of this year.

BALANCE SHEET

During the quarter, the Company issued its first investment grade senior notes in a $400 million offering of 10-year bonds at an interest rate of 3.75%, which is 100 basis points lower than any non-convertible bond coupon in the history of the Company. The bonds mature in October of 2023. The proceeds of the offering, along with available cash, will be used to redeem on May 15, the $400 million of 9% Series T senior notes due 2017 at 104.5%, which reflects an $18 million call premium. The annual interest savings are $21 million per year. The Company also called the remaining $175 million of 2004 exchangeable debentures for redemption and holders of approximately $174 million of the debentures elected to exchange their debentures for shares of the Company's common stock totaling approximately 11.7 million shares, rather than receive the cash redemption proceeds, while the remaining $1 million of debentures were redeemed for cash. These shares have been included in our dilutive share count when determining our full year NAREIT and Adjusted FFO per diluted share for the past few years.

Subsequent to the end of the quarter, the Company repaid the 4.75%, $246 million mortgage loan on the Orlando World Center Marriott with available cash. The Company also called $200 million of its 6.75% Series Q senior notes due 2016 at 101.125%, which reflects a $2 million call premium. The redemption will be funded through a $150 million draw on the revolver portion of its credit facility and with available cash. After adjusting for these transactions, including the redemption of the Series T senior notes, the Company will have approximately $380 million of cash and cash equivalents, $692 million of available capacity under its credit facility and approximately $4.8 billion of debt. In addition, after adjusting for the above transactions, the Company's weighted average debt maturity is 5.8 years and its annual cash interest expense will be approximately $230 million.

Also, during the quarter, the Company issued 6.1 million shares of common stock, at an average price of $16.78 per share, for net proceeds of approximately $102 million. These issuances were made in "at-the-market" offerings pursuant to Sales Agency Financing Agreements with BNY Mellon Capital Markets, LLC and Scotia Capital (USA) Inc. There is approximately $198 million of issuance capacity remaining under the current agreements.

DIVIDEND

On April 15, 2013, the Company paid a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.10 per share on its common stock to stockholders of record on March 28, 2013. The amount of any future dividend is dependent on the Company's taxable income and will be determined by the Company's Board of Directors.

2013 OUTLOOK

The Company anticipates that for 2013:

  • Comparable hotel RevPAR will increase 5.0% to 7.0%;
  • Total owned hotel revenues under GAAP will increase 5.4% to 7.5%;
  • Total comparable hotel revenues will increase 3.8% to 5.8%;
  • Operating profit margins under GAAP will increase approximately 250 basis points to 350 basis points; and
  • Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margins will increase approximately 60 basis points to 120 basis points.

Based upon these parameters, the Company estimates that its 2013 guidance is as follows: 

  • earnings per diluted share should range from approximately $.31 to $.39;
  • net income should range from $238 million to $298 million;
  • NAREIT FFO per diluted share should range from approximately $1.22 to $1.30;
  • Adjusted FFO per diluted share should range from approximately $1.25 to $1.33; and
  • Adjusted EBITDA should be approximately $1,275 million to $1,335 million.

See the 2013 Forecast Schedules and the Notes to Financial Information for other assumptions used in the forecasts and items that may affect forecasted results.

ABOUT HOST HOTELS & RESORTS

Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. is an S&P 500 and Fortune 500 company and is the largest lodging real estate investment trust and one of the largest owners of luxury and upper-upscale hotels. The Company currently owns 103 properties in the United States and 15 properties internationally totaling approximately 62,500 rooms. The Company also holds non-controlling interests in a joint venture in Europe that owns 19 hotels with approximately 6,100 rooms and a joint venture in Asia that owns one hotel in Australia and a minority interest in two hotels in India and five hotels that are in various stages of development in India. Guided by a disciplined approach to capital allocation and aggressive asset management, the Company partners with premium brands such as Marriott®, Ritz-Carlton®, Westin®, Sheraton®, W®, St. Regis®, Le Meridien®, The Luxury Collection®, Hyatt®, Fairmont®, Four Seasons®, Hilton®, Swissotel®, ibis®, Pullman®, and Novotel® in the operation of properties in over 50 major markets worldwide. For additional information, please visit the Company's website at www.hosthotels.com.

Note:   This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities regulations.  These forward-looking statements include forecast results and are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "should," "plan," "predict," "project," "will," "continue" and other similar terms and phrases, including references to assumptions and forecasts of future results. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results to differ materially from those anticipated at the time the forward-looking statements are made. These risks include, but are not limited to:  changes in national and local economic and business conditions that will affect occupancy rates at our hotels and the demand for hotel products and services; the impact of geopolitical developments outside the U.S. on lodging demand; volatility in global financial and credit markets; operating risks associated with the hotel business; risks and limitations in our operating flexibility associated with the level of our indebtedness and our ability to meet covenants in our debt agreements; risks associated with our relationships with property managers and joint venture partners; our ability to maintain our properties in a first-class manner, including meeting capital expenditure requirements; the effects of hotel renovations on our hotel occupancy and financial results; our ability to compete effectively in areas such as access, location, quality of accommodations and room rate structures; risks associated with our ability to complete acquisitions and dispositions and develop new properties and the risks that acquisitions and new developments may not perform in accordance with our expectations; our ability to continue to satisfy complex rules in order for us to remain a REIT for federal income tax purposes; and other risks and uncertainties associated with our business described in the Company's annual report on Form 10‑K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC. Although the Company believes the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based upon reasonable assumptions, it can give no assurance that the expectations will be attained or that any deviation will not be material. All information in this release is as of May 3, 2013, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to conform the statement to actual results or changes in the Company's expectations.

*

This press release contains registered trademarks that are the exclusive property of their respective owners. None of the owners of these trademarks has any responsibility or liability for any information contained in this press release.

*** Tables to Follow ***

Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc., herein referred to as "we" or "Host Inc.," is a self-managed and self-administered real estate investment trust ("REIT") that owns hotel properties. We conduct our operations as an umbrella partnership REIT through an operating partnership, Host Hotels & Resorts, L.P. ("Host LP"), of which we are the sole general partner. When distinguishing between Host Inc. and Host LP, the primary difference is approximately 1.3% of the partnership interests in Host LP held by outside partners as of March 31, 2013, which is non-controlling interests in Host LP in our consolidated balance sheets and is included in net income attributable to non-controlling interests in our consolidated statements of operations. Readers are encouraged to find further detail regarding our organizational structure in our annual report on Form 10‑K.

Effective January 1, 2013, we report quarterly operating results on a calendar cycle, which is not comparable to the quarterly reporting method used in 2012. For additional information on the change in reporting periods, comparable hotel measures and non-GAAP financial measures which we believe is useful to investors, see the Notes to Financial Information included in this release. 

 


HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (a)

(in millions, except shares and per share amounts)



March 31,

December 31,


2013

2012


    (unaudited)  


ASSETS




Property and equipment, net

$             11,284

$             11,588

Due from managers

96

80

Advances to and investments in affiliates

337

347

Deferred financing costs, net

53

53

Furniture, fixtures and equipment replacement fund

157

154

Other

300

319

Restricted cash

35

36

Cash and cash equivalents

1,075

417

            Total assets

$             13,337

$             12,994




LIABILITIES, NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS AND EQUITY




Debt



    Senior notes, including $359 million and $531 million, respectively, net of

        discount, of Exchangeable Senior Debentures

$               3,798

$               3,569

    Credit facility, including the $500 million term loan

658

763

    Mortgage debt

992

993

    Other

86

86

            Total debt

5,534

5,411

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

165

194

Other

353

372

            Total liabilities

6,052

5,977




Non-controlling interests—Host Hotels & Resorts, L.P

175

158




Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. stockholders' equity:



    Common stock, par value $.01, 1,050 million shares authorized; 742.8 million

        shares and 724.6 million shares issued and outstanding, respectively

7

7

    Additional paid-in capital

8,303

8,040

    Accumulated other comprehensive income

14

12

    Deficit

(1,253)

(1,234)

            Total equity of Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. stockholders

7,071

6,825

Non-controlling interests—other consolidated partnerships

39

34

            Total equity

7,110

6,859

            Total liabilities, non-controlling interests and equity

$             13,337

$             12,994

__________

(a)

Our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2013 has been prepared without audit. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements presented in accordance with GAAP have been omitted.

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (a)

(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)



Quarter ended


March 31,

March 23,


2013

2012

Revenues



    Rooms

$                   781

$                   553

    Food and beverage

379

282

    Other

78

57

        Owned hotel revenues

1,238

892

    Other revenues

17

60

        Total revenues

1,255

952

Expenses



    Rooms

221

160

    Food and beverage

281

208

    Other departmental and support expenses

316

242

    Management fees

48

33

    Other property-level expenses

96

122

    Depreciation and amortization

177

149

    Corporate and other expenses

26

22

        Total operating costs and expenses

1,165

936

Operating profit

90

16

Interest income

1

4

Interest expense (b)

(76)

(86)

Net gains on property transactions and other

12

1

Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions and derivatives

2

(1)

Equity in losses of affiliates

(2)

(2)

Income (loss) before income taxes

27

(68)

Benefit for income taxes

7

13

Income (loss) from continuing operations

34

(55)

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

26

55

Net income

60

Less:  Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

(4)

(2)

Net income (loss) attributable to Host Inc.

$                     56

$                      (2)

Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per common share:



    Continuing operations

$                    .04

$                   (.08)

    Discontinued operations

.04

.08

Basic and diluted earnings per common share

$                    .08

$                      —

__________

(a)

Our condensed consolidated statements of operations presented above have been prepared without audit. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements presented in accordance with GAAP have been omitted.

(b)

Interest expense includes non-cash charges of $4 million and $5 million related to the exchangeable senior debentures for 2013 and 2012, respectively.    

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Earnings (Loss) per Common Share

(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)



Quarter ended


March 31,

March 23,


2013

2012

Net income

$                     60

$                      —

    Less:  Net income attributable to non-controlling interests                      

(4)

(2)

Net income (loss) attributable to Host Inc

$                     56

$                      (2)

Diluted income (loss) attributable to Host Inc

$                     56

$                      (2)




Basic weighted average shares outstanding

728.2

707.5

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding (a)

738.6

707.5

Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per common share

$                    .08

$                      —

__________

(a)

Dilutive securities may include shares granted under comprehensive stock plans, preferred operating partnership units ("OP Units") held by minority partners, exchangeable debt securities and other non-controlling interests that have the option to convert their limited partnership interests to common OP Units. No effect is shown for any securities that were anti-dilutive for the period.

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Comparable Hotel Operating Data (a)





As Adjusted



As of March 31, 2013

Quarter ended March 31, 2013

Quarter ended March 31, 2012






Average



Average


Percent


No. of

No. of

Average

Occupancy


  Average

Occupancy


Change in

Region

Properties

Rooms

Room Rate

Percentage

RevPAR

Room Rate

Percentage

RevPAR

RevPAR

Pacific

27

16,884

$     197.12

74.2%

$     146.33

$     191.26

75.7%

$     144.72

1.1%

Mid-Atlantic

11

8,638

219.60

75.6

166.07

214.66

71.7

153.83

8.0

South Central

9

5,695

170.72

75.7

129.29

156.69

75.2

117.81

9.7

D.C. Metro

12

5,418

201.84

67.1

135.41

198.51

66.5

132.04

2.6

North Central

11

4,782

141.36

61.6

87.09

138.36

64.6

89.38

(2.6)

Florida

8

3,680

283.54

84.5

239.48

258.41

80.7

208.60

14.8

New England

6

3,672

160.83

64.4

103.56

156.77

58.6

91.82

12.8

Mountain

7

2,885

197.25

67.9

133.96

191.07

68.1

130.11

3.0

Atlanta

6

2,183

176.23

70.8

124.82

171.78

68.5

117.65

6.1

Asia-Pacific

6

1,255

163.69

83.8

137.13

158.25

82.0

129.73

5.7

Canada

3

1,219

178.00

64.3

114.45

172.97

61.9

107.03

6.9

Latin America

4

1,075

241.89

67.3

162.81

240.65

72.4

174.12

(6.5)

      All Regions

110

57,386

197.57

72.3

142.87

189.94

71.6

135.98

5.1















As Adjusted



As of March 31, 2013

Quarter ended March 31, 2013

Quarter ended March 31, 2012






Average



Average


Percent


No. of

No. of

Average

Occupancy


Average

Occupancy


Change in


Properties

Rooms

Room Rate

Percentage

RevPAR

Room Rate

Percentage

RevPAR

RevPAR

Property Type










Urban

57

35,294

$     198.58

72.3%

$     143.49

$     194.81

71.2%

$     138.77

3.4%

Suburban

29

10,568

161.50

66.4

107.17

151.08

67.5

101.91

5.2

Resort/Conference  

13

6,356

294.56

79.6

234.57

273.88

76.7

210.15

11.6

Airport

11

5,168

130.35

75.8

98.86

125.20

76.2

95.36

3.7

    All Types

110

57,386

197.57

72.3

142.87

189.94

71.6

135.98

5.1

 


Hotel Operating Statistics for All Properties (b)



Quarter ended



As Adjusted


March 31,

March 31,


2013

2012

Average room rate

$               196.57

$               186.65

Average occupancy                                                                                

72.0%

71.1%

RevPAR

$               141.45

$               132.67

__________

(a)

See the Notes to Financial Information for a discussion of reporting periods and the calculation of comparable hotel operating statistics.

(b)

The operating statistics reflect all consolidated properties as of March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012, respectively, and include the results of operations of properties sold or transferred during the year through the date of their disposition.

 


HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Comparable Hotel Operating Data

Schedule of Comparable Hotel Results (a)

(unaudited, in millions, except hotel statistics)




Quarter ended




As Adjusted



March 31,

March 31,



2013

2012 (b)

Number of hotels

110

110

Number of rooms

57,386

57,386

Percent change in comparable hotel RevPAR

5.1%

Operating profit margin (c)

7.2%

6.6%

Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margin (c)

23.4%

22.55%

Comparable hotel revenues



    Room

$                   738

$                   710

    Food and beverage

352

354

    Other

75

71

          Comparable hotel revenues (d)

1,165

1,135

Comparable hotel expenses



    Room

206

197

    Food and beverage

260

259

    Other

40

39

    Management fees, ground rent and other costs

386

384

          Comparable hotel expenses (e)

892

879

Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit

273

256

Non-comparable hotel results, net (f)

20

16

Loss for hotels leased from HPT (g)

(4)

Depreciation and amortization

(177)

(161)

Corporate and other expenses

(26)

(24)

Operating profit

$                     90

83

Less:  Estimated operating profit adjustments for the calendar period (b)


(67)

Operating profit for the period January 1, 2012 through March 23, 2012 (as

    reported)


$                     16

__________

(a)

See the Notes to Financial Information for discussion of non-GAAP measures, reporting periods and the calculation of comparable hotel results.

(b)

Comparable hotel results and statistics for March 31, 2012 are based on 2012 As Adjusted results. Adjustments for the calendar period reflect estimated operations for eight days from March 24, 2012 through March 31, 2012 for our Marriott-branded properties and the month of March 2012 results for the remainder of the portfolio, which were previously reported in second quarter 2012 results. Additionally, the 2012 As Adjusted March 31 results include one additional day of operations in February compared to March 31, 2013 due to the 2012 leap year. See the Notes to Financial Information for further discussion and information on how the 2012 As Adjusted results were calculated.

(c)

Operating profit margins are calculated by dividing the applicable operating profit by the related revenue amount. GAAP margins are calculated using amounts presented in the consolidated statements of operations, or amounts As Adjusted. Comparable margins are calculated using amounts presented in the above table.

(d)

The reconciliation of total revenues per the consolidated statements of operations to the comparable hotel revenues is as follows:






Quarter ended




As Adjusted



March 31,

March 31,



2013

2012 (b)


Revenues per the consolidated statements of operations:




    For the period January 1, 2012 through March 23, 2012 (as reported)


$                    952


Revenue adjustment for the calendar period (b)


297


   For the quarter ended

$                 1,255

1,249


Non-comparable hotel revenues

(104)

(75)


Hotel revenues for which we record rental income, net

14

14


Revenues for hotels leased from HPT (g)

(53)


            Comparable hotel revenues

$                 1,165

$                 1,135

 

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Comparable Hotel Operating Data

Schedule of Comparable Hotel Results

(unaudited, in millions, except hotel statistics)




(e)

The reconciliation of operating costs per the consolidated statements of operations to the comparable hotel expenses is as follows:







Quarter ended





As Adjusted




March 31,

March 31,




2013

2012 (b)



Operating costs and expenses per the consolidated statements of operations:





    For the period January 1, 2012 through March 23, 2012 (as reported)


$                    936



Operating costs and expenses adjustment for the calendar period (b)


230



   For the quarter ended

$                 1,165

1,166



Non-comparable hotel expenses

(84)

(59)



Hotel expenses for which we record rental income

14

14



Expense for hotels leased from HPT (g)

(57)



Depreciation and amortization

(177)

(161)



Corporate and other expenses

(26)

(24)



            Comparable hotel expenses

$                    892

$                    879






(f)

Non-comparable hotel results, net, includes the following items: (i) the results of operations of our non-comparable hotels whose operations are included in our consolidated statements of operations as continuing operations, (ii) gains on property insurance settlements and (iii) the results of our office buildings.

(g)

The leases terminated on December 31, 2012.

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Other Financial Data

(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)



March 31,

December 31,


2013

2012

Equity



Common shares outstanding

742.8

724.6

Common shares outstanding assuming conversion of non-controlling interest

    OP Units (a)

752.8

734.7

Preferred OP Units outstanding

.02

.02




Security pricing



Common (b)

$                17.49

$               15.67

3¼% Exchangeable Senior Debentures (c)

$                      —

$            1,152.8

2½% Exchangeable Senior Debentures (c)

$             1,397.3

$            1,309.2




Dividends declared per share for calendar year



Common

$                    .10

$                    .30






Debt








March 31,

December 31,

Senior debt

Rate

Maturity date

2013

2012

Series Q (d)

          6¾%

        6/2016

$                   550

$                   550

Series T (e)

9%

        5/2017

392

391

Series V

6%

      11/2020

500

500

Series X

          5⅞%

        6/2019

497

497

Series Z

6%

      10/2021

300

300

Series B

          5¼%

        3/2022

350

350

Series C

          4¾%

        3/2023

450

450

Series D (e)

          3¾%

      10/2023

400

Exchangeable senior debentures

          3¼%

        4/2024

175

Exchangeable senior debentures (f)

          2½%

      10/2029

359

356

Credit facility term loan

2.0%

        7/2017

500

500

Credit facility revolver (g)

2.9%

      11/2015

158

263




4,456

4,332

Mortgage debt and other





Mortgage debt (non-recourse) (h)

    3.3-8.5%

7/2013-11/2016

992

993

Other

    7.0-7.8%

10/2014-12/2017

86

86

            Total debt (i)(j)



5,534

$               5,411

Subsequent Debt Transactions



Anticipated redemption - 6¾% Series Q Senior Notes (d)

(200)


Anticipated draw on the credit facility revolver (d)

150


Anticipated redemption - 9% Series T Senior Notes (e)

(400)


May 1, 2013 repayment of Orlando World Center Marriott mortgage (h)

(246)


Total Debt: as adjusted for subsequent debt transactions

$               4,838





Percentage of fixed rate debt

80%

78%

Weighted average interest rate

5.5%

5.4%

Weighted average debt maturity

           5.4 years

           5.1 years

__________

(a)

Each OP Unit is redeemable for cash or, at our option, for 1.021494 common shares of Host Inc. At March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, there were 9.8 million and 9.9 million common OP Units, respectively, held by non-controlling interests.

(b)

Share prices are the closing price as reported by the New York Stock Exchange. 

(c)

Amount reflects market price of a single $1,000 debenture as quoted by Bloomberg L.P.

(d)

On May 2, 2013, we called $200 million of 6.75% Series Q senior notes due 2016. The redemption will be funded through a $150 million draw on the revolver portion of the credit facility and with available cash.

(e)

The net proceeds from the issuance of the Series D senior notes, together with available cash, will be used to redeem, on May 15, 2013, the $400 million of 9% Series T senior notes due 2017.

(f)

At March 31, 2013, the principal balance outstanding of the 2½% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2029 (the "2009 Debentures") is $400 million. The discount related to these debentures is amortized through October 2015, the first date at which holders can require us to repurchase the 2009 Debentures for cash.

(g)

The interest rate shown is the weighted average rate of the outstanding credit facility at March 31, 2013.

(h)

On May 1, 2013, we repaid the 4.75% $246 million mortgage loan on the Orlando World Center Marriott with available cash.

(i)

In accordance with GAAP, total debt includes the debt of entities that we consolidate, but of which we do not own 100%, and excludes the debt of entities that we do not consolidate, but of which we have a non-controlling ownership interest and record our investment therein under the equity method of accounting. As of March 31, 2013, our non-controlling partners' share of consolidated debt is $67 million and our share of debt in unconsolidated investments is $456 million.

(j)

Total debt as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 includes net discounts of $46 million and $48 million, respectively.

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Reconciliation of Net Income to

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (a)

(unaudited, in millions)



Quarter ended



As Adjusted

As Reported


March 31,

March 31,

March 23,


2013

2012 (a)

2012

Net income (b)(e)

$                      60

$                      59

$                      —

    Interest expense

76

94

86

    Depreciation and amortization

177

161

149

    Income taxes

(7)

(11)

(13)

    Discontinued operations (c)

3

5

4

EBITDA

309

308

226

    Gain on dispositions (d)

(19)

(48)

(48)

    Recognition of deferred gain on land condemnation (e)

(11)

    Amortization of deferred gains

(1)

(1)

    Equity investment adjustments:




        Equity in (earnings) losses of affiliates

2

(1)

2

        Pro rata Adjusted EBITDA of equity investments

8

5

2

    Consolidated partnership adjustments:




        Pro rata Adjusted EBITDA attributable to non-controlling

            partners in other consolidated partnerships

(6)

(6)

(5)

Adjusted EBITDA

$                    283

$                    257

$                    176

__________

(a)

See the Notes to Financial Information for discussion of non-GAAP measures, reporting periods and information on the calculation of As Adjusted quarterly results.

(b)

The difference of $59 million in net income between the As Adjusted quarter ended March 31, 2012 and as reported quarter ended March 23, 2012 reflects estimated net income from March 24, 2012 through March 31, 2012 for our Marriott-managed hotels, and the March 2012 operations for the remainder of the portfolio, which previously were reported in second quarter 2012 results.

(c)

Reflects the interest expense, depreciation and amortization and incomes taxes included in discontinued operations.

(d)

Reflects the gain recorded on the sale of one hotel in 2013 and 2012, respectively. 

(e)

During the first quarter of 2013, the Company recognized a deferred gain of approximately $11 million related to the eminent domain claim by the State of Georgia for 2.9 acres of land at the Atlanta Marriott Perimeter Center for highway expansion, for which we received cash proceeds in 2007. The Company has included the gain in NAREIT FFO per diluted share, which is consistent with the treatment of gains recognized on the disposition of undepreciated assets. However, due to the significant passage of time since we received the proceeds, the Company has excluded the gain from its Adjusted FFO per diluted share and Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter.

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Reconciliation of Net Income to NAREIT and

Adjusted Funds From Operations per Diluted Shares (a)

 (unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)



Quarter ended



As Adjusted

As Reported


March 31,

March 31,

March 23,


2013

2012 (a)

2012

Net income (b)

$                      60

$                      59

$                      —

   Less:    Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

(4)

(4)

(2)

Net income (loss) attributable to Host Inc.

56

55

(2)

Adjustments:




   Gain on dispositions, net of taxes (c)

(19)

(48)

(48)

   Amortization of deferred gains and other property transactions,

      net of taxes

(1)

(1)

   Depreciation and amortization

176

165

153

   Partnership adjustments

8

4

   FFO of non-controlling interests of Host LP

(3)

(2)

(1)

NAREIT FFO

218

173

101

Adjustments to NAREIT FFO:




   Acquisition costs (d)

1

   Recognition of deferred gain on land condemnation (e)

(11)

Adjusted FFO

$                    207

$                    174

$                    101





For calculation on a per share basis:








Adjustments for dilutive securities (f):




   Assuming conversion of Exchangeable Senior Debentures

$                        7

$                        7

$                        1

Diluted NAREIT FFO

$                    225

$                    180

$                    102

Diluted Adjusted FFO

$                    214

$                    181

$                    102





Diluted weighted average shares outstanding-EPS

738.6

708.4

707.5

   Assuming issuance of common shares granted under the

      Comprehensive Stock Plan

0.7

0.7

   Assuming conversion of Exchangeable Senior Debentures

29.1

40.2

11.5

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding – NAREIT FFO

   and Adjusted FFO

767.7

749.3

719.7

NAREIT FFO per diluted share

$                     .29

$                     .24

$                     .14

Adjusted FFO per diluted share

$                     .28

$                     .24

$                     .14

__________

(a)

See Notes to the Financial Information for discussion of non-GAAP measures, reporting periods and information on the calculation of As Adjusted quarterly results.

(b)

The difference of $59 million in net income between the As Adjusted quarter ended March 31, 2012 and as reported quarter ended March 23, 2012 reflects estimated net income from March 24, 2012 through March 31, 2012 for our Marriott-managed hotels, and the March 2012 operations for the remainder of the portfolio, which previously were reported in second quarter 2012 results.

(c)

Reflects the gain on the sale of one hotel in 2013 and 2012, respectively.

(d)

Includes approximately $1 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, related to our share of acquisition costs incurred by unconsolidated joint ventures.

(e)

The Company has excluded from Adjusted FFO the recognition of deferred gain on the land condemnation at the Atlanta Marriott Perimeter Center.  Please see note (e) to the Reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for further discussion.

(f)

Earnings/loss per diluted share and NAREIT FFO and Adjusted FFO per diluted share are adjusted for the effects of dilutive securities. Dilutive securities may include shares granted under comprehensive stock plans, preferred OP units held by non-controlling partners, exchangeable debt securities and other non-controlling interests that have the option to convert their limited partnership interests to common OP units.  No effect is shown for securities if they are anti-dilutive. 

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and

NAREIT and Adjusted Funds From Operations per Diluted Shares for 2013 Forecasts (a)

(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)



Full Year 2013


Low-end

High-end


of range

of range

Net income

$                   238

$                   298

    Interest expense

310

310

    Depreciation and amortization

708

708

    Income taxes

20

20

    Discontinued operations

3

3

EBITDA

1,279

1,339

    Gain on dispositions

(19)

(19)

    Recognition of deferred gain on land condemnation

(11)

(11)

    Equity investment adjustments:



        Equity in earnings of affiliates

(7)

(7)

        Pro rata Adjusted EBITDA of equity investments

51

51

    Consolidated partnership adjustments:



        Pro rata Adjusted EBITDA attributable to non-controlling partners in other

            consolidated partnerships

(18)

(18)

Adjusted EBITDA

$               1,275

$               1,335





Full Year 2013


Low-end

of range

High-end

of range

Net income

$                   238

$                   298

Less:  Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

(9)

(9)

Net income attributable to Host Inc.

229

289

Adjustments:



    Gain on dispositions

(19)

(19)

    Depreciation and amortization

706

706

    Partnership adjustments

22

24

    FFO of non-controlling interests of Host LP

(13)

(13)

NAREIT FFO

925

987

Adjustments:



    Loss on debt extinguishments

36

36

    Recognition of deferred gain on land condemnation

(11)

(11)

Adjusted FFO

950

1,012

Adjustment for dilutive securities:



    Assuming conversion of Exchangeable Senior Debentures

26

26

Diluted NAREIT FFO

951

1,013

Diluted Adjusted FFO

$                   976

$               1,038




Weighted average diluted shares – EPS

745.8

745.8

Weighted average diluted shares – NAREIT and Adjusted FFO (b)

778.3

778.3

Earnings per diluted share

$                    .31

$                    .39

NAREIT FFO per diluted share

$                  1.22

$                  1.30

Adjusted FFO per diluted share

$                  1.25

$                  1.33

__________

(a)

The forecasts were based on the below assumptions:  


  • Comparable hotel RevPAR will increase 5.0% to 7.0% for the low and high ends of the forecasted range, respectively.
  • Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margins will increase 60 basis points to 120 basis points for the low and high ends of the forecasted range, respectively.
  • Interest expense includes approximately $36 million related to the loss on debt extinguishments and $26 million related to non-cash interest expense for exchangeable senior debentures, amortization of original issue discounts and deferred financing fees.
  • We expect to spend approximately $130 million to $150 million on ROI/redevelopment and acquisition capital expenditures and approximately $270 million to $290 million on renewal and replacement expenditures. 
  • Due to uncertainty related to the completion and timing of any potential acquisitions and dispositions, we have not adjusted the forecast for any use of proceeds, gains on sale, acquisition costs or adjusted the number of comparable properties. Additionally, we expect to spend approximately $50 million on new development projects in 2013.

For a discussion of additional items that may affect forecasted results, see the Notes to Financial Information.



(b)

The NAREIT and Adjusted FFO per diluted share include 33 million shares for the dilution of exchangeable senior debentures.

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Schedule of Comparable Hotel Adjusted Operating Profit Margin

for 2013 Forecasts (a)

(unaudited, in millions, except hotel statistics)



2013


Low-end

High-end


of range

of range

Operating profit margin under GAAP (b)

9.6%

10.6%

Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margin (c)

24.9%

25.5%




Comparable hotel sales



    Room

$               3,117

$               3,176

    Food and beverage

1,361

1,388

    Other

274

280

                Comparable hotel sales (d)

4,752

4,844

Comparable hotel expenses



    Rooms, food and beverage and other departmental costs

1,983

2,012

    Management fees, ground rent and other costs

1,587

1,597

                Comparable hotel expenses (e)

3,570

3,609

Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit

1,182

1,235

Non-comparable hotel results, net

130

137

Depreciation and amortization

(708)

(708)

Corporate and other expenses

(102)

(102)

                Operating profit

$                   502

$                   562






__________

(a)

Forecast comparable hotel results include 109 hotels that we have assumed will be classified as comparable as of December 31, 2013. See "Comparable Hotel Operating Statistics" in the Notes to Financial Information. No assurances can be made as to the hotels that will be in the comparable hotel set for 2013. Also, see the notes to the "Reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and NAREIT and Adjusted Funds From Operations per Diluted Share for Full Year 2013 Forecasts" for other forecast assumptions and further discussion of our comparable hotel set.

(b)

Operating profit margin under GAAP is calculated as the operating profit divided by the forecast total revenues per the consolidated statements of operations. See (d) below for forecasted revenues.

(c)

Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margin is calculated as the comparable hotel adjusted operating profit divided by the comparable hotel sales per the table above.

(d)

The reconciliation of forecast total revenues to the forecast comparable hotel sales is as follows (in millions):





2013



Low-end

High-end



of range

of range


Revenues

$               5,226

$               5,327


Non-comparable hotel revenues

(526)

(535)


Hotel revenues for which we record rental income, net

52

52


            Comparable hotel sales

$               4,752

$               4,844



(e)

The reconciliation of forecast operating costs and expenses to the comparable hotel expenses is as follows (in millions):






2013



Low-end

High-end



of range

of range


Operating costs and expenses

$               4,724

$               4,765


Non-comparable hotel and other expenses

(396)

(398)


Hotel expenses for which we record rental income

52

52


Depreciation and amortization

(708)

(708)


Corporate and other expenses

(102)

(102)


            Comparable hotel expenses

$               3,570

$               3,609

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.
Notes to Financial Information 

FORECASTS

Our forecast of earnings per diluted share, NAREIT and Adjusted FFO per diluted share, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margins are forward-looking statements and are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause actual results and performance to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forecasts. Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forecasts are based upon reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance that the expectations will be attained or that the results will not be materially different. Risks that may affect these assumptions and forecasts include the following: potential changes in overall economic outlook make it inherently difficult to forecast the level of RevPAR and margin growth; the amount and timing of acquisitions and dispositions of hotel properties is an estimate that can substantially affect financial results, including such items as net income, depreciation and gains on dispositions; the level of capital expenditures may change significantly, which will directly affect the level of depreciation expense and net income; the amount and timing of debt payments may change significantly based on market conditions, which will directly affect the level of interest expense and net income; the amount and timing of transactions involving shares of our common stock may change based on market conditions; and other risks and uncertainties associated with our business described herein and in our annual report on Form 10‑K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8‑K filed with the SEC.

REPORTING PERIODS FOR STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

Effective January 1, 2013, we report quarterly operating results on a calendar cycle, which is now consistent with all of our hotel managers and the majority of companies in the lodging industry. Historically, our annual financial statements have been reported on a calendar basis and are unaffected by this change. However, our quarterly operating results have been reported based on a 52-53 week fiscal calendar used by Marriott International, Inc. ("Marriott"), the manager of approximately 50% of our properties.  For 2013, Marriott converted to reporting results based on a 12-month calendar year. During 2012, Marriott used a fiscal year ending on the Friday closest to December 31 and reported twelve weeks of operations for the first three quarters and sixteen weeks for the fourth quarter of the year for its Marriott-managed hotels. Accordingly, our first three quarters of operations in 2012 ended on March 23, June 15 and September 7. In contrast, managers of our other hotels, such as Ritz-Carlton, Hyatt, and Starwood, reported results on a monthly basis. During 2012, we did not report the month of operations that ended after our fiscal quarter until the following quarter for those hotels using a monthly reporting period because these hotel managers did not make mid-month results available to us. Accordingly, the month of operations that ended after our fiscal quarter was included in our quarterly results of operations in the following quarter for those calendar reporting hotel managers. As a result, our 2012 quarterly results of operations include results from hotel managers reporting results on a monthly basis as follows:  first quarter (January, February), second quarter (March to May), third quarter (June to August) and fourth quarter (September to December).

We will not restate the previously filed 2012 quarterly financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP because certain property-level operating expenses for our Marriott-managed properties necessary to restate operations are unavailable on a daily basis. Because we rely on our operators for the hotel operating results used in our financial statements, the unavailability of this information on a calendar quarter basis for 2012 made restating our financial statements in accordance with GAAP unfeasible. Accordingly, the corresponding 2012 quarterly historical operating results are not comparable to our 2013 quarterly results.

However, to enable investors to better evaluate our performance over comparable periods, we have presented certain 2012 quarterly results and operating statistics on a calendar year basis of reporting, which we will refer to as "2012 As Adjusted" results. The financial information for the 2012 As Adjusted quarter presented herein was calculated based on our actual reported operating results for the quarter ended March 23, 2012 period adjusted as follows:

  • For our 59 hotels operated by Marriott that have traditionally reported operations on the basis of a 52-53 week fiscal calendar (that included operations through March 23, 2012 for the first quarter), our 2012 As Adjusted results reflect the $60 million of revenue for these hotels for the eight days from March 24, 2012 through March 31, 2012 (based on daily revenue information provided by Marriott) that previously were included in our results of operations for the second quarter 2012.

  • Because Marriott is not able to provide us with operating expenses for our Marriott-operated hotels for the same March 24, 2012 through March 31, 2012 period, our 2012 As Adjusted results reflect approximately $43 million of operating expenses that we have estimated were incurred for our Marriott-operated hotels for the period. We derived these estimates based on an internally developed allocation methodology based on historical expenses provided by Marriott consistent with its prior 52-53 week reporting calendar. 

  • For our 58 hotels operated by managers other than Marriott (including those by Ritz-Carlton, Hyatt and Starwood), that have traditionally reported operations on a calendar month basis, our 2012 As Adjusted results reflect the $231 million of revenues and $167 million of operating expenses for these non-Marriott hotels for the full calendar month of March 2012 that previously were included in our results of operations for the second quarter 2012.

  • For all other income statement line items presented for the 2012 As Adjusted quarter, including depreciation, interest income and expense and other corporate costs, as well as those utilized in the reconciliations for our non-GAAP measures, our 2012 As Adjusted results reflect such amounts for the full calendar quarter ended March 31, 2012 based on historical information. 

COMPARABLE HOTEL OPERATING STATISTICS

To facilitate a quarter-to-quarter comparison of our operations, we present certain operating statistics (i.e., RevPAR, average daily rate and average occupancy) and operating results (revenues, expenses, adjusted operating profit and associated margins) for the periods included in this report on a comparable hotel basis.  

Because these statistics and operating results are for our hotel properties, they exclude results for our non-hotel properties and other real estate investments. We define our comparable hotels as properties:



(i)

that are owned or leased by us and the operations of which are included in our consolidated results, whether as continuing operations or discontinued operations, for the entirety of the reporting periods being compared; and







(ii)

that have not sustained substantial property damage or business interruption, or undergone large-scale capital projects (as further defined below) during the reporting periods being compared.

The hotel business is capital-intensive and renovations are a regular part of the business. Generally, hotels under renovation remain comparable hotels. A large scale capital project that would cause a hotel to be excluded from our comparable hotel set is an extensive renovation of several core aspects of the hotel, such as rooms, meeting space, lobby, bars, restaurants and other public spaces. Both quantitative and qualitative factors are taken into consideration in determining if the renovation would cause a hotel to be removed from the comparable hotel set, including unusual or exceptional circumstances such as: a reduction or increase in room count, rebranding, a significant alteration of the business operations, or the closing of the hotel during the renovation.

We do not include an acquired hotel in our comparable hotel set until the operating results for that hotel have been included in our consolidated results for one full calendar year. For example, we acquired the Westin Chicago River North in August of 2010. The hotel was not included in our comparable hotels until January 1, 2012. Hotels that we sell are excluded from the comparable hotel set once the transaction has closed. Similarly, hotels are excluded from our comparable hotel set from the date that they sustain substantial property damage or business interruption or commence a large-scale capital project. In each case, these hotels are returned to the comparable hotel set when the operations of the hotel have been included in our consolidated results for one full calendar year after completion of the repair of the property damage or cessation of the business interruption, or the completion of large-scale capital projects, as applicable.  

Of the 118 hotels that we owned on March 31, 2013, 110 have been classified as comparable hotels. The operating results of the following hotels that we owned as of March 31, 2013 are excluded from comparable hotel results for these periods:

  • Grand Hyatt Washington (acquired in July 2012);
  • The Westin New York Grand Central (business interruption due to re-branding of the hotel and extensive renovations, which included renovation of 774 guest rooms, lobby, public and meeting spaces, fitness center,  restaurant and bar);
  • Two hotels in Christchurch, New Zealand (business interruption due to closure of the hotels following an earthquake in 2011 and the subsequent extensive renovations);
  • Orlando World Center Marriott (business interruption due to extensive renovations, which include façade restoration, the shutdown of the main pool and a complete restoration and enhancement of the hotel, including new water slides and activity areas, new pool dining facilities and the renovation of one tower of guestrooms, meeting space and restaurants);
  • Atlanta Marriott Perimeter Center (business interruption due to extensive renovations, which included renovation of the guest rooms, lobby, bar and restaurant and the demolition of one tower of the hotel);
  • Chicago Marriott O'Hare (business interruption due to extensive renovations, which included renovating every aspect of the hotel and shutting down over 200 rooms); and
  • Sheraton Indianapolis Hotel at Keystone Crossing (business interruption due to extensive renovations, which included the conversion of one tower of the hotel into apartments, reducing the room count, and the renovation of the remaining guest rooms, lobby, bar and meeting space).  

The operating results of four hotels disposed of in 2013 and 2012 are not included in comparable hotel results for the periods presented herein.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

Included in this press release are certain "non-GAAP financial measures," which are measures of our historical or future financial performance that are not calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, within the meaning of applicable SEC rules. They are as follows: (i) FFO and FFO per diluted share (both NAREIT and Adjusted), (ii) EBITDA, (iii) Adjusted EBITDA and (iv) Comparable Hotel Operating Results. The following discussion defines these measures and presents why we believe they are useful supplemental measures of our performance.

To facilitate comparison against a comparable period in 2012, we are presenting our above non-GAAP financial measures for the quarter ended March 31, 2013 and for the 2012 As Adjusted quarter. We also present Adjusted EBITDA, NAREIT FFO per diluted share and Adjusted FFO per diluted share for our "as reported" quarter ended March 23, 2012.  In addition, we present our Total Owned Hotel Revenue and Net Income for the 2012 As Adjusted quarter. Because the presentation of these line items on an "As Adjusted" basis is not in accordance with GAAP, they also constitute non-GAAP financial measures. We present these measures because we believe that doing so provides investors and management with useful supplemental information for evaluating the period-to-period performance of our hotels. These results are, however, based on estimates. Our internal allocation methodology used to develop these estimates is based on assumptions, some of which may be inaccurate. For this reason, while management believes presentation of these supplemental measures is beneficial, investors are cautioned from placing undue reliance on the 2012 As Adjusted results and should consider these results together with the presentation of GAAP revenues, net income and expenses.  

NAREIT FFO AND NAREIT FFO PER DILUTED SHARE

We present NAREIT FFO and NAREIT FFO per diluted share as non-GAAP measures of our performance in addition to our earnings per share (calculated in accordance with GAAP). We calculate NAREIT FFO per diluted share as our NAREIT FFO (defined as set forth below) for a given operating period, as adjusted for the effect of dilutive securities, divided by the number of fully diluted shares outstanding during such period, in accordance with NAREIT guidelines. NAREIT defines FFO as net income (calculated in accordance with GAAP) excluding gains and losses from sales of real estate, the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles, real estate-related depreciation, amortization and impairments and adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures are calculated to reflect our pro rata FFO of those entities on the same basis. 

We believe that NAREIT FFO per diluted share is a useful supplemental measure of our operating performance and that the presentation of NAREIT FFO per diluted share, when combined with the primary GAAP presentation of earnings per share, provides beneficial information to investors. By excluding the effect of real estate depreciation, amortization, impairments and gains and losses from sales of depreciable real estate, all of which are based on historical cost accounting and which may be of lesser significance in evaluating current performance, we believe that such measures can facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and with other REITs, even though NAREIT FFO per diluted share does not represent an amount that accrues directly to holders of our common stock. Historical cost accounting for real estate assets implicitly assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. As noted by NAREIT in its April 2002 "White Paper on Funds From Operations," since real estate values have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, many industry investors have considered presentation of operating results for real estate companies that use historical cost accounting to be insufficient by themselves. For these reasons, NAREIT adopted the FFO metric in order to promote an industry-wide measure of REIT operating performance. 

Adjusted FFO per Diluted Share

We also present Adjusted FFO per diluted share when evaluating our performance because management believes that the exclusion of certain additional items described below provides useful supplemental information to investors regarding our ongoing operating performance. Management historically has made the adjustments detailed below in evaluating our performance, in our annual budget process and for our compensation programs. We believe that the presentation of Adjusted FFO per diluted share, when combined with both the primary GAAP presentation of earnings per share and FFO per diluted share as defined by NAREIT, provides useful supplemental information that is beneficial to an investor's complete understanding of our operating performance. We adjust NAREIT FFO per diluted share for the following items, which may occur in any period, and refer to this measure as Adjusted FFO per diluted share:

  • Gains and Losses on the Extinguishment of Debt – We exclude the effect of finance charges and premiums associated with the extinguishment of debt, including the acceleration of deferred financing costs associated with the original issuance of the debt being redeemed or retired. We also exclude the gains on debt repurchases and the original issuance costs associated with the retirement of preferred stock. We believe that these items are not reflective of our ongoing finance costs.

  • Acquisition Costs – Under GAAP, costs associated with completed property acquisitions are expensed in the year incurred. We exclude the effect of these costs because we believe they are not reflective of the ongoing performance of the Company.

  • Litigation Gains and Losses – We exclude the effect of gains or losses associated with litigation recorded under GAAP that we consider outside the ordinary course of business. We believe that including these items is not consistent with our ongoing operating performance.

In unusual circumstances, we may also adjust NAREIT FFO for gains or losses that management believes are not representative of the Company's current operating performance. For example, in the first quarter of 2013, management excluded the $11 million gain from the eminent domain claim for land adjacent to the Atlanta Marriott Perimeter Center for which we received the cash proceeds in 2007, but, pending the resolution of certain contingencies, was not recognized until 2013. Typically, gains from the disposition of non-depreciable property are included in the determination of NAREIT and Adjusted FFO.

EBITDA

Earnings before Interest Expense, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization ("EBITDA") is a commonly used measure of performance in many industries. Management believes EBITDA provides useful information to investors regarding our results of operations because it helps us and our investors evaluate the ongoing operating performance of our properties after removing the impact of the Company's capital structure (primarily interest expense) and its asset base (primarily depreciation and amortization). Management also believes the use of EBITDA facilitates comparisons between us and other lodging REITs, hotel owners who are not REITs and other capital-intensive companies. Management uses EBITDA to evaluate property-level results and as one measure in determining the value of acquisitions and dispositions and, like FFO and Adjusted FFO per diluted share, is widely used by management in the annual budget process and for our compensation programs.

Adjusted EBITDA

Historically, management has adjusted EBITDA when evaluating the performance of Host Inc. and Host LP because we believe that the exclusion of certain additional items described below provides useful supplemental information to investors regarding our ongoing operating performance and that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA, when combined with the primary GAAP presentation of net income, is beneficial to an investor's complete understanding of our operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA also is a relevant measure in calculating certain credit ratios. We adjust EBITDA for the following items, which may occur in any period, and refer to this measure as Adjusted EBITDA:

  • Real Estate Transactions – We exclude the effect of gains and losses, including the amortization of deferred gains, recorded on the disposition or acquisition of depreciable assets and property insurance gains in our consolidated statement of operations because we believe that including them in Adjusted EBITDA is not consistent with reflecting the ongoing performance of our assets. In addition, material gains or losses from the depreciated value of the disposed assets could be less important to investors given that the depreciated asset value often does not reflect the market value of real estate assets as noted above.

  • Equity Investment Adjustments – We exclude the equity in earnings (losses) of affiliates as presented in our consolidated statement of operations because it includes our pro rata portion of the depreciation, amortization and interest expense related to such investments, which are excluded from EBITDA. We include our pro rata share of the Adjusted EBITDA of our equity investments as we believe this reflects more accurately the performance of our investments. The pro rata Adjusted EBITDA of equity investments is defined as the EBITDA of our equity investments adjusted for any gains or losses on property transactions multiplied by our percentage ownership in the partnership or joint venture.

  • Consolidated Partnership Adjustments – We deduct the non-controlling partners' pro rata share of Adjusted EBITDA of our consolidated partnerships as this reflects the non-controlling owners' interest in the EBITDA of our consolidated partnerships. The pro rata Adjusted EBITDA of non-controlling partners is defined as the EBITDA of our consolidated partnerships adjusted for any gains or losses on property transactions multiplied by the non-controlling partners' percentage ownership in the partnership or joint venture.

  • Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle – Infrequently, the Financial Accounting Standards Board promulgates new accounting standards that require the consolidated statement of operations to reflect the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle. We exclude these one-time adjustments because they do not reflect our actual performance for that period.

  • Impairment Losses – We exclude the effect of impairment losses recorded because we believe that including them in Adjusted EBITDA is not consistent with reflecting the ongoing performance of our remaining assets. In addition, we believe that impairment charges, which are based off of historical cost accounting values, are similar to gains and losses on dispositions and depreciation expense, both of which are excluded from EBITDA.

  • Acquisition Costs – Under GAAP, costs associated with completed property acquisitions are expensed in the year incurred. We exclude the effect of these costs because we believe they are not reflective of the ongoing performance of the company.

In unusual circumstances, we may also adjust EBITDA for gains or losses that management believes are not representative of the Company's current operating performance. For example, in the first quarter of 2013, management excluded the $11 million gain from the eminent domain claim for land adjacent to the Atlanta Marriott Perimeter Center for which we received the cash proceeds in 2007, but, pending the resolution of certain contingencies, was not recognized until 2013. Typically, gains from the disposition of non-depreciable property are included in the determination of Adjusted EBITDA.

Limitations on the Use of NAREIT FFO per Diluted Share, Adjusted FFO per Diluted Share, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

We calculate NAREIT FFO per diluted share in accordance with standards established by NAREIT, which may not be comparable to measures calculated by other companies who do not use the NAREIT definition of FFO or do not calculate FFO per diluted share in accordance with NAREIT guidance. In addition, although FFO per diluted share is a useful measure when comparing our results to other REITs, it may not be helpful to investors when comparing us to non-REITs. We also calculate Adjusted FFO per diluted share, which is not in accordance with NAREIT guidance and may not be comparable to measures calculated by other REITs. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA, as presented, may also not be comparable to measures calculated by other companies. This information should not be considered as an alternative to net income, operating profit, cash from operations or any other operating performance measure calculated in accordance with GAAP. Cash expenditures for various long-term assets (such as renewal and replacement capital expenditures), interest expense (for EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA purposes only) and other items have been and will be incurred and are not reflected in the EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, NAREIT FFO per diluted share and Adjusted FFO per diluted share presentations. Management compensates for these limitations by separately considering the impact of these excluded items to the extent they are material to operating decisions or assessments of our operating performance. Our consolidated statement of operations and cash flows include interest expense, capital expenditures, and other excluded items, all of which should be considered when evaluating our performance, as well as the usefulness of our non-GAAP financial measures. Additionally, NAREIT FFO per diluted share, Adjusted FFO per diluted share, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as a measure of our liquidity or indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to make cash distributions. In addition, NAREIT FFO per diluted share and Adjusted FFO per diluted share do not measure, and should not be used as a measure of, amounts that accrue directly to stockholders' benefit.

Comparable Hotel Operating Results

We present certain operating results for our hotels, such as hotel revenues, expenses, adjusted operating profit (and the related margin) and food and beverage adjusted profit (and the related margin), on a comparable hotel, or "same store," basis as supplemental information for investors. Our comparable hotel results present operating results for hotels owned during the entirety of the periods being compared without giving effect to any acquisitions or dispositions, significant property damage or large scale capital improvements incurred during these periods. We present these comparable hotel operating results by eliminating corporate-level costs and expenses related to our capital structure, as well as depreciation and amortization. We eliminate corporate-level costs and expenses to arrive at property-level results because we believe property-level results provide investors with supplemental information into the ongoing operating performance of our hotels. We eliminate depreciation and amortization because, even though depreciation and amortization are property-level expenses, these non-cash expenses, which are based on historical cost accounting for real estate assets, implicitly assume that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. As noted earlier, because real estate values have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, many real estate industry investors have considered presentation of historical cost accounting for operating results to be insufficient by themselves.

As a result of the elimination of corporate-level costs and expenses and depreciation and amortization, the comparable hotel operating results we present do not represent our total revenues, expenses, operating profit or operating profit margin and should not be used to evaluate our performance as a whole. Management compensates for these limitations by separately considering the impact of these excluded items to the extent they are material to operating decisions or assessments of our operating performance. Our consolidated statements of operations include such amounts, all of which should be considered by investors when evaluating our performance.

We present these hotel operating results on a comparable hotel basis because we believe that doing so provides investors and management with useful information for evaluating the period-to-period performance of our hotels and facilitates comparisons with other hotel REITs and hotel owners. In particular, these measures assist management and investors in distinguishing whether increases or decreases in revenues and/or expenses are due to growth or decline of operations at comparable hotels (which represent the vast majority of our portfolio) or from other factors, such as the effect of acquisitions or dispositions. While management believes that presentation of comparable hotel results is a "same store" supplemental measure that provides useful information in evaluating our ongoing performance, this measure is not used to allocate resources or to assess the operating performance of each of these hotels, as these decisions are based on data for individual hotels and are not based on comparable hotel results. For these reasons, we believe that comparable hotel operating results, when combined with the presentation of GAAP operating profit, revenues and expenses, provide useful information to investors and management.

 

SOURCE Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc.



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