"Despite achieving some significant policy advances and increased visibility over the past few years, transgender people continue to face enormous obstacles in almost every area of their lives. Discrimination and violence threaten transgender people's ability to have even the basics: food, a place to sleep, or a job," commented NCTE executive director Mara Keisling. "This survey demonstrates that there is a lot of work ahead to achieve simple parity and full equality for transgender people."
Survey respondents reported that they experienced harassment and violence at alarmingly high rates. Nearly half (47%) of respondents have been sexually assaulted at some point in their lives. The findings also paint a troubling picture of the psychological and physical wellbeing of many transgender people. A staggering 39% of respondents were currently experiencing serious psychological distress, compared with only 5% of the U.S. population. Among the starkest findings is that 40% of respondents have attempted suicide in their lifetime—nearly nine times the attempted suicide rate in the U.S. population (4.6%).
The survey also reveals large economic disparities. Nearly one-third (29%) of transgender respondents were living in poverty, compared to 14% in the U.S. population. A major contributor to the high rate of poverty is respondents' 15% unemployment rate—three times higher that of the U.S. population at the time of the survey (5%). Respondents were also far less likely to own a home, with only 16% of respondents reporting home ownership, compared to 63% of the U.S. population. Nearly one-third (30%) of respondents have been homeless at some point in their lifetime, and 12% were homeless in the year prior to completing the survey. These inequalities were most pronounced for transgender people of color, who were up to three times as likely as the U.S. population to be living in poverty. The unemployment rate among transgender people of color was generally four times higher than the U.S. unemployment rate.
"We hope that the survey's breadth and in-depth examination of transgender life in the United States will serve as an important resource that prompts dialogue and leads to a greater understanding and acceptance of transgender people," added Sandy James, the survey's lead author.
The full survey report can be found at www.ustranssurvey.org, and additional information about NCTE's efforts to win life-saving change for transgender people can be found at www.transequality.org.
To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/large-scale-survey-reveals-deep-disparities-between-transgender-people-and-general-population-300375153.html
SOURCE National Center for Transgender Equality