Alexey Kondrashov, EY Global Oil & Gas Tax Leader, says:
"Governments of oil and gas producing countries have had to reassess their tax structures and revise them accordingly to stay competitive. Many countries made immediate changes following the oil price crash while others delayed. Now, in a lower for longer price outlook environment, we expect to see more changes. A rebound in oil price won't come to the rescue."
Tax systems in Brazil, the US and Kazakhstan were among those particularly vulnerable to the oil price drop given the significant share of royalties in each country's total tax burden. As a result, in the last year, Brazil has introduced a new royalty-like payment, the US has revised taxes in resource-rich states and Kazakhstan has made adjustments to decrease export duty.
Even countries with profit-based tax systems that generally adjust well to price fluctuations, including the UK, Canada and Norway, have made changes to ensure projects taking place within their borders remain economically viable.
Kondrashov says: "Governments can't depend on the return of a high oil price environment. Maintaining investment and interest in their domestic industries requires a regime with the flexibility to withstand any price point. The pursuit of a more sustainable model is evident around the world and won't soon be abandoned."
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About EY's Global Oil & Gas Sector
The oil and gas sector is constantly changing. Increasingly uncertain energy policies, geopolitical complexities, cost management and climate change all present significant challenges. EY's Global Oil & Gas Sector supports a global network of more than 10,000 oil and gas professionals with extensive experience in providing assurance, tax, transaction and advisory services across the upstream, midstream, downstream and oil field subsectors. The Sector team works to anticipate market trends, execute the mobility of our global resources and articulate points of view on relevant sector issues. With our deep sector focus, we can help your organization drive down costs and compete more effectively.
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About the report
The Global oil and gas tax guide summarizes the oil and gas corporate tax regimes in 86 countries and also provides a directory of EY oil and gas tax contacts. The content is based on information current to 1 January 2016, unless otherwise indicated in the text of the chapter.
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