NMI® at 55.3%; December Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®; Business Activity Index at 58.7%; New Orders Index at 58.2%; Employment Index at 55.7%

Jan 06, 2016, 10:00 ET from Institute for Supply Management

DO NOT CONFUSE THIS NATIONAL REPORT with the various regional purchasing reports released across the country. The national report's information reflects the entire United States, while the regional reports contain primarily regional data from their local vicinities. Also, the information in the regional reports is not used in calculating the results of the national report. The information compiled in this report is for the month of December 2015.

TEMPE, Ariz., Jan. 6, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Economic activity in the non-manufacturing sector grew in December for the 71st consecutive month, say the nation's purchasing and supply executives in the latest Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®.

The report was issued today by Anthony Nieves, CPSM, C.P.M., CFPM, chair of the Institute for Supply Management® (ISM®) Non-Manufacturing Business Survey Committee. "The NMI® registered 55.3 percent in December, 0.6 percentage point lower than the November reading of 55.9 percent. This represents continued growth in the non-manufacturing sector at a slightly slower rate. The Non-Manufacturing Business Activity Index increased to 58.7 percent, which is 0.5 percentage point higher than the November reading of 58.2 percent, reflecting growth for the 77th consecutive month at a slightly faster rate. The New Orders Index registered 58.2 percent, 0.7 percentage point higher than the reading of 57.5 percent in November. The Employment Index increased 0.7 percentage point to 55.7 percent from the November reading of 55 percent and indicates growth for the 22nd consecutive month. The Prices Index decreased 0.6 percentage point from the November reading of 50.3 percent to 49.7 percent, indicating prices decreased in December for the third time in the last four months. According to the NMI®, 11 non-manufacturing industries reported growth in December. Faster deliveries in December contributed to the overall slight slowing in the rate of growth according to the NMI® composite index. All of the other component indexes increased in the month of December. The majority of respondents' comments remain positive about business conditions and the overall economy."

INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE

The 11 non-manufacturing industries reporting growth in December — listed in order — are: Accommodation & Food Services; Management of Companies & Support Services; Health Care & Social Assistance; Information; Retail Trade; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Finance & Insurance; Construction; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; and Utilities. The five industries reporting contraction in December are: Other Services; Educational Services; Wholesale Trade; Public Administration; and Transportation & Warehousing.

WHAT RESPONDENTS ARE SAYING …

  • "Business continues to be strong for consulting/operational outsourcing of real estate operations." (Management of Companies & Support Services)
  • "Professional and skilled craft labor is difficult to find." (Construction)
  • "Continued downturn in global energy pricing has given way to reduced costs from vendors." (Mining)
  • "We see continued spend demand higher than any months of this year; however, productivity reaches its peak and projects have to be carried over to 2016." (Professional, Scientific & Technical Services)
  • "Holiday shopping volume is in line with forecast." (Retail Trade)
  • "Currently very busy in the holiday rush season. Purchasing of supplies, postage & freight, and direct labor all more than double non-holiday periods." (Transportation & Warehousing)
  • "The supply chain is faster than in previous years and equipment is more readily available." (Wholesale Trade)
  • "Construction projects continue at a record pace." (Educational Services)

 

 

ISM® NON-MANUFACTURING SURVEY RESULTS AT A GLANCE

COMPARISON OF ISM® NON-MANUFACTURING AND ISM® MANUFACTURING SURVEYS*

DECEMBER 2015

 

Index

Non-Manufacturing

Manufacturing

Series Index

Dec

Series Index

Nov

Percent Point Change

 

 

Direction

 

Rate of Change

 

Trend**

(Months)

Series Index

Dec

Series Index

Nov

Percent Point Change

NMI®/PMI®

55.3

55.9

-0.6

Growing

Slower

71

48.2

48.6

-0.4

Business Activity/

Production

58.7

58.2

+0.5

Growing

Faster

77

49.8

49.2

+0.6

New Orders

58.2

57.5

+0.7

Growing

Faster

77

49.2

48.9

+0.3

Employment

55.7

55.0

+0.7

Growing

Faster

22

48.1

51.3

-3.2

Supplier Deliveries

48.5

53.0

-4.5

Faster

From Slower

1

50.3

50.6

-0.3

Inventories

53.0

54.5

-1.5

Growing

Slower

9

43.5

43.0

+0.5

Prices

49.7

50.3

-0.6

Decreasing

From Increasing

1

33.5

35.5

-2.0

Backlog of Orders

50.0

51.5

-1.5

Unchanged

From Growing

1

41.0

43.0

-2.0

New Export Orders

53.5

49.5

+4.0

Growing

From Contracting

1

51.0

47.5

+3.5

Imports

49.0

51.0

-2.0

Contracting

From Growing

1

45.5

49.0

-3.5

Inventory Sentiment

64.5

63.5

+1.0

Too High

Faster

223

N/A

N/A

N/A

Customers' Inventories

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

51.5

50.5

+1.0

 

Overall Economy

Non-Manufacturing Sector

Growing

Slower

77


Growing

Slower

71


 

*Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® data is seasonally adjusted for the Business Activity, New Orders, Prices and Employment Indexes. Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® data is seasonally adjusted for New Orders, Production, Employment and Supplier Deliveries.
**Number of months moving in current direction.

COMMODITIES REPORTED UP/DOWN IN PRICE, AND IN SHORT SUPPLY

Commodities Up in Price
Broccoli; Eggs; Labor (8); and Produce (2).

Commodities Down in Price
Beef (2); Blood Products; Dairy; #1 Diesel Fuel (5); #2 Diesel Fuel (4); Fuel (5); Gasoline (6); Medical Supplies; Pork; Software Related (2); Stainless Steel Products; and Steel.

Commodities in Short Supply
Labor (3).

Note: The number of consecutive months the commodity is listed is indicated after each item.

DECEMBER 2015 NON-MANUFACTURING INDEX SUMMARIES

NMI®
In December, the NMI® registered 55.3 percent, a decrease of 0.6 percentage point when compared to November's reading of 55.9 percent, indicating continued growth in the non-manufacturing sector for the 71st consecutive month. A reading above 50 percent indicates the non-manufacturing sector economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates the non-manufacturing sector is generally contracting.

An NMI® above 48.7 percent, over a period of time, generally indicates an expansion of the overall economy. Therefore, the December NMI® indicates growth for the 77th consecutive month in the overall economy, and indicates expansion in the non-manufacturing sector for the 71st consecutive month. Nieves stated, "The past relationship between the NMI® and the overall economy indicates that the NMI® for December (55.3 percent) corresponds to a 2.8 percent increase in real gross domestic product (GDP) on an annualized basis."

NMI® HISTORY

Month

NMI®

Month

NMI®

Dec 2015

55.3

Jun 2015

56.0

Nov 2015

55.9

May 2015

55.7

Oct 2015

59.1

Apr 2015

57.8

Sep 2015

56.9

Mar 2015

56.5

Aug 2015

59.0

Feb 2015

56.9

Jul 2015

60.3

Jan 2015

56.7

Average for 12 months – 57.2

High – 60.3

Low – 55.3

Business Activity
ISM®'s Business Activity Index in December registered 58.7 percent, an increase of 0.5 percentage point from November's reading of 58.2 percent. This represents growth in business activity for the 77th consecutive month. Twelve industries reported increased business activity, and four industries reported decreased activity for the month of December. Comments from respondents include: "New sales, mostly overseas" and "It looks like end-of-year deadlines are being pushed to complete work in 2015."

The 12 industries reporting growth of business activity in December — listed in order — are: Accommodation & Food Services; Management of Companies & Support Services; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Information; Health Care & Social Assistance; Retail Trade; Mining; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Construction; Utilities; and Finance & Insurance. The four industries reporting a decrease in business activity in December are: Educational Services; Other Services; Public Administration; and Wholesale Trade.

Business Activity

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Index

Dec 2015

32

50

18

58.7

Nov 2015

32

51

17

58.2

Oct 2015

31

59

10

63.0

Sep 2015

31

58

11

60.2

New Orders
ISM®'s Non-Manufacturing New Orders Index registered 58.2 percent, an increase of 0.7 percentage point from the November reading of 57.5 percent. December represents growth in new orders for the 77th consecutive month at a faster rate compared to November. Comments from respondents include: "Business expansion" and "New projects coming on line."

The 10 industries reporting growth of new orders in December — listed in order — are: Accommodation & Food Services; Information; Health Care & Social Assistance; Retail Trade; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Management of Companies & Support Services; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Finance & Insurance; Utilities; and Professional, Scientific & Technical Services. The five industries reporting contraction of new orders in December are: Other Services; Educational Services; Mining; Wholesale Trade; and Public Administration.

New Orders

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Index

Dec 2015

28

55

17

58.2

Nov 2015

31

55

14

57.5

Oct 2015

29

60

11

62.0

Sep 2015

28

59

13

56.7

Employment
Employment activity in the non-manufacturing sector grew in December for the 22nd consecutive month. ISM®'s Non-Manufacturing Employment Index registered 55.7 percent, which reflects an increase of 0.7 percentage point when compared to November's reading of 55 percent. Nine industries reported increased employment, and four industries reported decreased employment. Comments from respondents include: "Increased business demands" and "Filled open positions."

The nine industries reporting an increase in employment in December — listed in order — are: Management of Companies & Support Services; Retail Trade; Mining; Health Care & Social Assistance; Accommodation & Food Services; Information; Educational Services; Public Administration; and Finance & Insurance. The four industries reporting a reduction in employment in December are: Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Other Services; Utilities; and Wholesale Trade.

Employment

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Index

Dec 2015

20

70

10

55.7

Nov 2015

18

66

16

55.0

Oct 2015

24

65

11

59.2

Sep 2015

21

67

12

58.3

Supplier Deliveries
Supplier Deliveries were faster in December as the index reflected contraction and registered 48.5 percent, which is 4.5 percentage points lower than the reading of 53 percent that was registered in November. A reading above 50 percent indicates slower deliveries, while a reading below 50 percent indicates faster deliveries.

The six industries reporting slower deliveries in December — listed in order — are: Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Management of Companies & Support Services; Accommodation & Food Services; Construction; Public Administration; and Health Care & Social Assistance. The seven industries reporting faster deliveries in December — listed in order —  are: Information; Mining; Transportation & Warehousing; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Retail Trade; Finance & Insurance; and Wholesale Trade.

Supplier Deliveries

%Slower

%Same

%Faster

Index

Dec 2015

6

85

9

48.5

Nov 2015

9

88

3

53.0

Oct 2015

9

86

5

52.0

Sep 2015

8

89

3

52.5

Inventories
ISM®'s Non-Manufacturing Inventories grew for the ninth consecutive month and registered 53 percent in December, which is 1.5 percentage points lower than the 54.5 percent that was reported in November. Of the total respondents in December, 30 percent indicated they do not have inventories or do not measure them. Comments from respondents include: "Inventory levels are reduced for year-end accounting" and "Business decision to increase inventory at additional locations."

The eight industries reporting an increase in inventories in December — listed in order — are: Information; Management of Companies & Support Services; Transportation & Warehousing; Retail Trade; Health Care & Social Assistance; Utilities; Construction; and Accommodation & Food Services. The six industries reporting decreases in inventories in December — listed in order — are: Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Wholesale Trade; Public Administration; Other Services; and Mining.

Inventories

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Index

Dec 2015

26

54

20

53.0

Nov 2015

28

53

19

54.5

Oct 2015

22

61

17

52.5

Sep 2015

19

64

17

51.0

Prices
Prices paid by non-manufacturing organizations for purchased materials and services decreased in December for the third time in the last four months. ISM®'s Non-Manufacturing Prices Index for December registered 49.7 percent, 0.6 percentage point lower than the 50.3 percent reported in November. The proportion of respondents reporting higher prices is 8 percent, 78 percent indicated no change in prices paid, and 14 percent of the respondents reported lower prices.

The four non-manufacturing industries reporting an increase in prices paid during the month of December are: Management of Companies & Support Services; Educational Services; Accommodation & Food Services; and Transportation & Warehousing. The eight industries reporting a decrease in prices paid for the month of December — listed in order — are: Utilities; Retail Trade; Finance & Insurance; Public Administration; Health Care & Social Assistance; Information; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; and Wholesale Trade. Six industries listed no change in prices in the month of December compared to November.

Prices

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Index

Dec 2015

8

78

14

49.7

Nov 2015

9

75

16

50.3

Oct 2015

10

74

16

49.1

Sep 2015

11

72

17

48.4

NOTE: Commodities reported as up in price and down in price are listed in the commodities section of this report.

Backlog of Orders
ISM®'s Non-Manufacturing Backlog of Orders Index indicates order backlogs in December were unchanged. The index registered 50 percent, which is 1.5 percentage points lower than the 51.5 percent that was reported in November. Of the total respondents in December, 41 percent indicated they do not measure backlog of orders.

The five industries reporting an increase in order backlogs in December are: Transportation & Warehousing; Construction; Finance & Insurance; Accommodation & Food Services; and Health Care & Social Assistance. The six industries reporting a decrease in order backlogs in December — listed in order — are: Utilities; Other Services; Mining; Public Administration; Wholesale Trade; and Professional, Scientific & Technical Services. Six industries listed no change in order backlogs in December compared to November.

Backlog of Orders

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Index

Dec 2015

17

66

17

50.0

Nov 2015

18

67

15

51.5

Oct 2015

20

69

11

54.5

Sep 2015

20

69

11

54.5

New Export Orders
Orders and requests for services and other non-manufacturing activities to be provided outside of the United States by domestically based personnel grew in December after a month of contraction. The New Export Orders Index for December registered 53.5 percent, which is 4 percentage points higher than the 49.5 percent reported in November. Of the total respondents in December, 65 percent indicated they either do not perform, or do not separately measure, orders for work outside of the United States.

The five industries reporting an increase in new export orders in December are: Educational Services; Information; Construction; Retail Trade; and Management of Companies & Support Services. The three industries reporting a decrease in new export orders in December are: Other Services; Wholesale Trade; and Professional, Scientific & Technical Services. Ten industries reported no change in new export orders in December compared to November.

New Export Orders

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Index

Dec 2015

15

77

8

53.5

Nov 2015

11

77

12

49.5

Oct 2015

16

77

7

54.5

Sep 2015

18

69

13

52.5

Imports
Imports of raw materials contracted in December after five consecutive months of growth. This month's reading at 49 percent is 2 percentage points lower than the reading of 51 percent reported in November. Fifty-six percent of respondents reported that they do not use, or do not track the use of, imported materials.

The six industries reporting an increase in imports for the month of December — listed in order — are: Information; Utilities; Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting; Accommodation & Food Services; Construction; and Retail Trade. The four industries reporting a decrease in imports for the month of December are: Transportation & Warehousing; Other Services; Wholesale Trade; and Professional, Scientific & Technical Services. Eight industries listed no change in imports in December compared to November.

Imports

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Index

Dec 2015

11

76

13

49.0

Nov 2015

13

76

11

51.0

Oct 2015

13

83

4

54.5

Sep 2015

12

82

6

53.0

Inventory Sentiment
The ISM® Non-Manufacturing Inventory Sentiment Index in December registered 64.5 percent, which is 1 percentage point higher than the 63.5 percent reported in November. This indicates that respondents believe their inventories are still too high at this time. In December, 34 percent of respondents said their inventories were too high, 5 percent said their inventories were too low, and 61 percent said their inventories were about right.

The eight industries reporting a feeling that their inventories are too high in December — listed in order — are: Mining; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Wholesale Trade; Finance & Insurance; Public Administration; Utilities; Retail Trade; and Health Care & Social Assistance. The only industry reporting a feeling that their inventories were too low for the month of December is Transportation & Warehousing. Eight industries listed no change in inventory sentiment in December compared to November.

Inventory Sentiment

%Too High

%About Right

%Too Low

Index

Dec 2015

34

61

5

64.5

Nov 2015

37

53

10

63.5

Oct 2015

30

66

4

63.0

Sep 2015

34

62

4

65.0

About This Report
The data presented herein is obtained from a survey of non-manufacturing supply managers based on information they have collected within their respective organizations. ISM® makes no representation, other than that stated within this release, regarding the individual company data collection procedures. The data should be compared to all other economic data sources when used in decision-making.

Data and Method of Presentation
The Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® is based on data compiled from purchasing and supply executives nationwide. Membership of the Non-Manufacturing Business Survey Committee is diversified by NAICS, based on each industry's contribution to gross domestic product (GDP). The Non-Manufacturing Business Survey Committee responses are divided into the following NAICS code categories: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting; Mining; Utilities; Construction; Wholesale Trade; Retail Trade; Transportation & Warehousing; Information; Finance & Insurance; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Management of Companies & Support Services; Educational Services; Health Care & Social Assistance; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Accommodation & Food Services; Public Administration; and Other Services (services such as Equipment & Machinery Repairing; Promoting or Administering Religious Activities; Grantmaking; Advocacy; and Providing Dry-Cleaning & Laundry Services, Personal Care Services, Death Care Services, Pet Care Services, Photofinishing Services, Temporary Parking Services, and Dating Services).

Survey responses reflect the change, if any, in the current month compared to the previous month. For each of the indicators measured (Business Activity, New Orders, Backlog of Orders, New Export Orders, Inventory Change, Inventory Sentiment, Imports, Prices, Employment and Supplier Deliveries), this report shows the percentage reporting each response, and the diffusion index. Responses represent raw data and are never changed. Data is seasonally adjusted for Business Activity, New Orders, Prices and Employment. All seasonal adjustment factors are subject annually to relatively minor changes when conditions warrant them. The remaining indexes have not indicated significant seasonality.

The NMI® (Non-Manufacturing Index) is a composite index based on the diffusion indexes for four of the indicators with equal weights: Business Activity (seasonally adjusted), New Orders (seasonally adjusted), Employment (seasonally adjusted) and Supplier Deliveries. Diffusion indexes have the properties of leading indicators and are convenient summary measures showing the prevailing direction of change and the scope of change. An index reading above 50 percent indicates that the non-manufacturing economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally declining. Supplier Deliveries is an exception. A Supplier Deliveries Index above 50 percent indicates slower deliveries and below 50 percent indicates faster deliveries.

An NMI® above 48.7 percent, over a period of time, indicates that the overall economy, or gross domestic product (GDP), is generally expanding; below 48.7 percent, it is generally declining. The distance from 50 percent or 48.7 percent is indicative of the strength of the expansion or decline.

The Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® survey is sent out to Non-Manufacturing Business Survey Committee respondents the first part of each month. Respondents are asked to ONLY report on information for the current month. ISM® receives survey responses throughout most of any given month, with the majority of respondents generally waiting until late in the month to submit responses in order to give the most accurate picture of current business activity. ISM® then compiles the report for release on the third business day of the following month.

The industries reporting growth, as indicated in the Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® monthly report, are listed in the order of most growth to least growth. For the industries reporting contraction or decreases, those are listed in the order of the highest level of contraction/decrease to the least level of contraction/decrease.

About Institute for Supply Management®
Founded in 1915 as the first supply management institute in the world, Institute for Supply Management® (ISM®) is committed to advancing the practice of supply chain management to drive value and competitive advantage for its members, contributing to a prosperous and sustainable world. This year, ISM celebrates 100 years of leading, innovating and guiding the profession through the renowned ISM Report On Business®, highly regarded certification programs, and industry-standard training and educational resources. ISM is a not-for-profit organization with global influence, serving supply chain professionals in more than 90 countries.

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Contact:               

Kristina Cahill         


Report On Business® Analyst


ISM®, ROB/Research Manager


Tempe, Arizona


800/888-6276, Ext. 3015


E-mail: kcahill@instituteforsupplymanagement.org

 

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SOURCE Institute for Supply Management



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