North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2011

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North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2011

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North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2011

Summary

"North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2011" is the latest policy report from GlobalData, the industry analysis specialists that offer comprehensive information on major policies governing renewable energy market in the region.

The report presents an in-depth analysis of the renewable energy policies across the major countries in North and South America namely the US, Canada, Mexico, Brazil and Argentina. It details the key policy instruments adopted by the US Federal and State governments that led to huge development in the renewable industry. The report also provides insights to major policy initiatives taken up by the US Administration for the market development of renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, geothermal, biopower and biofuels. For Canada, in addition to the federal policies, the report details the policies of the provinces that are leading the renewable energy industry in the country. For other major countries, it provides the current and future renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of overall growth potential of their renewable energy industry. The report also provides major technology specific policies and incentives provided in each of these countries.

The report is built using data and information sourced from industry associations, government websites and statutory bodies. The information is also sourced through other secondary research sources such as industry and trade magazines.

Scope

- The report covers policy measures and incentives used by the major countries in North and South America to promote renewable energy.

- The report details promotional measures in different countries both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies namely solar, wind, geothermal, hydro and bioenergy.

- The report also highlights the differences and focus of the renewable energy policy frameworks in different countries in North and South America.

- The report provides a platform for comparison of various renewable energy policies across countries.

Reasons to buy

The report will enhance your decision making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you to -

- Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken on renewable energy by different markets.

- Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting the renewable energy markets.

- Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in different countries.

- Increase future revenue and profitability with the help of insights on the future opportunities and critical success factors in the renewable energy market.

- Be ahead of competition by keeping yourself abreast of all the latest policy changes.

1 Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents 3

1.1 List of Tables 7

1.2 List of Figures 8

2 Introduction to Renewable Energy Policy 9

2.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Global, Overview 9

2.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Global, Major Policy Measures 9

2.2.1 Feed-in Tariff (FIT) Program 9

2.2.2 Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) 10

2.2.3 Tradable Renewable Energy Certificates Systems 10

2.2.4 Capital Subsidies, Grants/Rebates 10

2.2.5 Energy Production Payments/Investments or Other Tax Credits 10

2.2.6 Tax Reductions 10

2.2.7 Net Metering 10

2.2.8 Public Investment Loans 10

2.3 GlobalData Report Guidance 11

3 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, The US 12

3.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, The US, Federal Incentives 12

3.1.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Federal Incentives 12

3.1.2 Production Tax Credits (PTC) and Investment Tax Credits (ITC) 15

3.1.3 The US Treasury Grants 18

3.1.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar PV, Federal Incentives 22

3.1.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Federal Incentives 24

3.1.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Federal Incentives 24

3.1.7 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Federal Incentives 25

3.1.8 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Federal Incentives 25

3.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, The US, State Level Incentives 33

3.2.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, State Incentives 33

3.3 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, California 36

3.3.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, California 36

3.3.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, California 41

3.3.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, California 51

3.3.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, California 51

3.3.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, California 52

3.4 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Colorado 54

3.4.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Colorado 54

3.4.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Colorado 59

3.4.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Colorado 60

3.4.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Colorado 61

3.4.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Colorado 61

3.5 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Iowa 63

3.5.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Iowa 63

3.5.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Iowa 65

3.5.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Iowa 65

3.5.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Iowa 66

3.6 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Minnesota 67

3.6.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Minnesota 67

3.6.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Minnesota 71

3.6.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Minnesota 72

3.6.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Minnesota 74

3.6.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Minnesota 74

3.7 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Nevada 75

3.7.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Nevada 75

3.7.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Nevada 78

3.7.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Nevada 78

3.7.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Nevada 78

3.8 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New Jersey 78

3.8.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, New Jersey 78

3.8.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, New Jersey 84

3.8.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, New Jersey 86

3.8.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, New Jersey 86

3.9 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New York 87

3.9.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, New York 87

3.9.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, New York 89

3.9.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, New York 90

3.9.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, New York 91

3.10 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Oregon 92

3.10.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Oregon 92

3.10.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Oregon 98

3.10.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Oregon 100

3.10.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Oregon 100

3.11 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Texas 101

3.11.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Texas 101

3.11.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Texas 104

3.11.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Texas 106

3.12 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Washington 107

3.12.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Washington 107

3.12.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Washington 109

3.12.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Washington 111

4 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada 112

4.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada, Major Policies and Incentives 112

4.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada, Federal Incentives 112

4.2.1 The ecoEnergy for Renewable Power Program (ecoENERGY RP) 112

4.2.2 Integration of Decentralized Energy Resources 112

4.2.3 Implementing Agreement on Renewable Energy Technology Deployment 112

4.2.4 Accelerated Capital Cost Allowance 113

4.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Federal Incentives 113

4.3.1 ecoENERGY for Renewable Power, Solar Energy 113

4.3.2 ecoENERGY Retrofit 113

4.3.3 Tax Credit 113

4.3.4 Main Provincial Solar Support Programs 113

4.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Federal Incentives 114

4.4.1 Wind Power Production Incentive (WPPI) 114

4.4.2 Temporary Cap of 900 MW in Alberta 114

4.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Federal Incentives 115

4.5.1 EcoENERGY for Renewable Power, Geothermal 115

4.5.2 Geo-Thermal Heat Pump Tax Credit 115

4.5.3 Canadian GeoExchange Coalition (CGC) 115

4.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Federal Incentives 115

4.7 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Federal Incentives 115

4.7.1 Biofuel Regulation 115

4.7.2 Agricultural Bioproducts Innovation Program 115

4.7.3 Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program 115

4.7.4 ecoENERGY for Biofuels 116

4.7.5 NextGen Biofuels Fund 117

4.7.6 ecoAUTO Rebate Program 117

4.8 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Canada, Provincial Incentives 118

4.8.1 Eastern Provincial Programs 118

4.8.2 Central Provincial Programs 119

4.8.3 Western Provincial Programs 119

4.9 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Alberta 120

4.9.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Alberta 120

4.9.2 Alberta, Provincial Energy Strategy 120

4.9.3 Alberta, Climate Change Strategy 121

4.10 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Alberta 121

4.10.1 900 MW Cap on Wind Power 121

4.10.2 Market and Operational Framework (MOF) for Wind Integration in Alberta 121

4.11 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Alberta 123

4.11.1 Alberta's Nine-Point Bioenergy Plan 123

4.11.2 Biorefining Commercialization and Market Development Program (BCMDP) 123

4.11.3 Bioenergy Infrastructure Development Program 124

4.11.4 Biorefining Commercialization and Market Development Program (BCMDP) Phase Two 125

4.11.5 Renewable Fuels Standard 125

4.11.6 The Alberta Renewable Diesel Demonstration (ARDD) 125

4.12 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, British Columbia 126

4.12.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, British Columbia 126

4.12.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, British Columbia 129

4.12.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, British Columbia 129

4.12.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, British Columbia 129

4.13 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Nova Scotia 130

4.13.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Nova Scotia 130

4.13.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Nova Scotia 132

4.13.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Nova Scotia 132

4.13.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Nova Scotia 132

4.14 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Ontario 132

4.14.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Ontario 132

4.14.2 Net Metering 139

4.14.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Ontario 140

4.14.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Ontario 141

4.14.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Ontario 142

4.14.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Ontario 142

4.14.7 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Ontario 143

4.15 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Quebec 144

4.15.1 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, Quebec 144

4.15.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Quebec 145

4.15.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal, Quebec 146

4.15.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Quebec 146

4.15.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Quebec 146

5 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Argentina 147

5.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Argentina, Major Policies and Incentives 147

5.1.1 Renewable Energies in Rural Markets (Proyecto de Energia Renovable en el Mercado Electrico Rural - PERMER) 147

5.1.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Argentina 149

5.1.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Argentina 150

5.1.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Argentina 150

6 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Brazil 152

6.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Brazil, Major Policies and Incentives 152

6.1.1 Program of Incentives for Alternative Electricity Sources – Programa de Incentivo a Fontes Alternativas de Energia Eletrica – PROINFA 152

6.1.2 Alternative Energy Auction LFA-2010 and Reserve Energy Auction LER-2010 154

6.1.3 Brazil National Climate Change Plan 154

6.1.4 Luz Para Todos (Light for All) Electrification Program 154

6.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Brazil 155

6.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar PV, Brazil 155

6.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydro, Brazil 155

6.4.1 International Action Program (IAP), Brazil's Hydropower Program 155

6.4.2 Incentives for Small Hydro Facilities, Law no. 9648 155

6.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Brazil 155

6.5.1 National Alcohol Program (PROALCOOL) 156

6.5.2 Federal and State Taxes on Ethanol 156

6.5.3 Funding for R&D 156

6.5.4 Spending on Biofuels 156

6.5.5 Financial Support Program for Biodiesel Investments for the Production and Use of Biodiesel as an Alternative Energy Source 159

6.5.6 "Social Fuel Stamp" Auction System 159

6.5.7 Biodiesel, Federal and State Incentives Program 159

7 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Mexico 160

7.1 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Mexico, Major Policies and Incentives 160

7.1.1 Law for Renewable Energy Usage and Energy Transition Financing (Ley Para el Aprovechamiento de Energias Renovables y el Financiamento de la Transicion Energetica) 160

7.1.2 Mexico Renewable Energy Program 161

7.1.3 Large Scale Renewable Energy Development Project 161

7.1.4 Accelerated Depreciation for Environmental Investment (Depreciacion Acelerada Para Inversiones Que Reportan Beneficios Ambientales) 162

7.1.5 Wheeling Service Agreement for Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources (Convenio Para el Servicio de Transmision de Energia Electrica Para Fuente de Energia Renovable) 162

7.1.6 Methodology to Establish Service Charges for the Transmission of Renewable Electricity (Metodologia para la determinacion de los cargos por servicios de transmision de energia electrica para fuente de energia removable 162

7.1.7 Grid Interconnection Contract for Renewable Energy (Contrato de Interconexion Para Fuente de Energia Renovable) 162

7.1.8 Renewable Energy Outlook – Vision for 2030 on the Use of Renewable Energies in Mexico 163

7.1.9 Renewable Energy Promotion-PromovER 163

7.2 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, Mexico 163

7.2.1 Project to Connect Solar Power to Grid 163

7.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind, Mexico 163

7.3.1 Technological Development Programs 163

7.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Mexico 164

7.4.1 Law for the Promotion and Development of Bioenergy 164

7.4.2 Sustainable Rural Development Project for the Promotion of Alternative Energy Sources in Agribusiness 164

7.4.3 Value Added Agribusiness Risk Sharing Schemes 165

7.4.4 Feasibility Study on the Potential for Ethanol and Bio-Diesel Use and Production in Mexico 165

7.4.5 Bio-Fuels Promotion and Development Law (LPDB) 165

8 Appendix 166

8.1 Abbreviations 166

8.2 Methodology 170

8.3 Coverage 171

8.4 Secondary Research 171

8.5 Contact Us 171

8.6 Disclaimer 172

List of Tables

Table 1: Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008, The US, Renewable Energy Incentives 13

Table 2: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, The US, Tax Incentives for Renewable Energy Industry, ($m), 2010 14

Table 3: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, The US, Key Provisions for Renewable Energy Industry, 2010 15

Table 4: Production Tax Credit, The US, In Service Deadline and Credit Amount, 2010 16

Table 5: Treasury Grants, The US, Eligibility and Credit Availability, 2010 18

Table 6: Green Power Purchasing Goal, The US, (%), 2007-2013 22

Table 7: Summary of Policy Support for Solar PV, The US, Federal Incentives 23

Table 8: Renewable Fuels Standard, Billion Gallons, 2008-2022 28

Table 9: Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit, The US 29

Table 10: Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit, The US 30

Table 11: Renewable Portfolio Standards, The US, State Targets, 2010 34

Table 12: Renewable Portfolio Standards, California, Targets and Timeframe by Utilities, 2010 36

Table 13: Self Generation Incentive Program, California, For 1 MW System, $/watt, 2010 37

Table 14: Self Generation Incentive Program, California, Decline in Incentives for 1 - 3 MW Systems, %, 2010 37

Table 15: Feed-in Tariff, California, Availability of Tariffs by Utility, 2010 38

Table 16: Feed-In Tariffs, California, Allocated Capacity Per Utility, 2010 38

Table 17: Feed-In Tariffs, California, Based on 2009 Market Price Referents, ($/kWh), 2010 39

Table 18: Comparison of Various Renewable Energy Programs, California, 2010 40

Table 19: Go Solar Campaign, California, Program Component, 2007-2016 41

Table 20: California Solar Initiative, California, Program Budget, 2007-2016 41

Table 21: California Solar Initiative, California, Program Administrator Territory Targets, MW, 2010 42

Table 22: California Solar Initiative, California, Rebate Levels by Incentive Step and Rebate Type, 2010 42

Table 23: California Solar Initiative, California, Incentive Type 43

Table 24: Cost of PV System Post Rebates, California, 2010 49

Table 25: Solar Thermal Projects, California, Under Review or Approved by the CEC, 2010 50

Table 26: Alternative Fuel Incentive Development Program, California, Allocation Of Funds, 2010 53

Table 27: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Colorado, (%), 2007-2020 54

Table 28: Renewable Energy Property Tax Assessment, Cost Threshold Values, 2010-2011 57

Table 29: Roaring Fork Valley - Renewable Energy Rebate Program, Colorado, 2010 58

Table 30: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Tax Credit, Colorado, 2010 62

Table 31: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Rebate, Colorado, 2010 62

Table 32: Renewable Fuel Standard, Iowa, 2010 66

Table 33: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Minnesota, RPS for Xcel Energy and Other Utilities, 2010 68

Table 34: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Nevada, 2010 76

Table 35: Maximum Incentive Level for Wind, Nevada, ($), 2010-2011 78

Table 36: Renewable Portfolio Standards, New Jersey, 2010 79

Table 37: RPS with Solar Alternative Compliance Payment Amount, New Jersey, 2010 84

Table 38: Initial Eight Year Schedule (June-May Energy Year) New Jersey, 2008-2016 85

Table 39: Renewable Energy Incentive Program, New Jersey, Wind Upfront Incentives, 2010 86

Table 40: Renewable Energy Incentive Program, New Jersey, Fuel Cell and Sustainable Biomass Upfront Incentives, 2010 86

Table 41: Renewable Portfolio Standards, New York, (MWh), 2006-2013 88

Table 42: Renewable Portfolio Standards, Oregon, 2010 93

Table 43: Oregon RPS, Eligible Resource Types Based on Facility's Operational Date, 2010 94

Table 44: Renewable Energy Standards, Washington, 2012-2020 107

Table 45: Canada, Summary of Federal Incentives for the Promotion of Bioenergy, 2010 117

Table 46: Green Power – Provincial Targets and Policies, Canada, 2010 118

Table 47: BCMDP Phase Two, Alberta, Funding Availability, 2010 125

Table 48: Standing Offer Program, British Columbia, Base Prices By Region, 2010 127

Table 49: Green Energy Act, Ontario, Feed-In Tariff By Renewable Energy Source, Base Tariff Dated September, 2009 134

Table 50: Green Energy Act, Ontario, Additional Price Incentives on FIT 135

Table 51: Ontario FIT, Percentage of Price Additions on Basis of Percentage Control of Equity Ownership 135

Table 52: Green Energy Act, Ontario, Local Content Requirement Based on Project Capacity (%), 2010-2011 136

Table 53: Green Energy Act, Ontario, Local Content Requirement and Milestone Year for Commercial Start Up Under FIT Program, 2010 137

Table 54: Green Energy Act, Ontario, MicroFIT Program, Prices for Renewable Energy Projects, Base Tariff Dated September, 2009 137

Table 55: Green Energy Act, Ontario, MicroFIT Program, Minimum Local Content Requirement, 2010 138

Table 56: Canada, Ontario, FIT Program for Wind Energy Projects , 2010 141

Table 57: Feed-In Tariffs for Hydro Power Projects, Ontario, 2010 142

Table 58: Standard Offer Program for Biomass Energy, Ontario, 2010 143

Table 59: Retail Sales Tax Rebate For Vehicles Powered by Alternative Fuels, Ontario, Limits to the Rebate, 2010 144

Table 60: Renewable Energies in Rural Markets, Total Program Cost ($m), 2010 147

Table 61: Renewable Energies in Rural Markets, Project Status, Some Key Indicators, 2010 148

Table 62: Argentina, Feed-in-Tariffs for Renewable Electricity Generation (ARS/kWh),2010 149

Table 63: PROINFA Implementation Under Phase One - BID in 06/04 for 3,300 MW, Brazil, (2006-2011) 153

Table 64: PROINFA, Synthesis of Auctions for Various Technologies, Brazil, 2010 153

Table 65: Financing Lines and Funding Programs Relevant to Ethanol Production, BNDES, Brazil, 2010 158

Table 66: Funding Programs for SMEs Seeking Entry into Ethanol Production, BNDES, Brazil, 2010 158

Table 67: Federal And State Tax Incentives for Biodiesel, Brazil, 2010 159

Table 68: Abbreviations 166

List of Figures

Figure 1: Production Tax Credit, The US, In Service Deadline and Credit Amount, 2010 16

Figure 2: Renewable Fuels Standard, Billion Gallons, 2008-2022 28

Figure 3: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Colorado, (%), 2007-2020 54

Figure 4: Renewable Fuel Standard, Iowa, 2010 66

Figure 5: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Minnesota, RPS for Xcel Energy and Other Utilities, 2010 68

Figure 6: Renewable Portfolio Standard, Nevada, 2010 76

Figure 7: Renewable Portfolio Standards, New Jersey, 2010 79

Figure 8: Renewable Portfolio Standards, Oregon, 2010 93

Figure 9: Renewable Energy Standards, Washington, 2012-2020 107

Figure 10: Standing Offer Program, British Columbia, Base Prices By Region, 2010 127

Figure 11: Green Energy Act, Ontario, Feed-In Tariff Division by Power Range 133

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