2014

San Antonio Obesity Rate Drops below State Average

SAN ANTONIO, July 31, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The San Antonio Metropolitan Health District (Metro Health) has announced that the obesity rate in San Antonio and Bexar County plunged from 35.1 percent to 28.5 percent between 2010 and 2012.  This means that 70,000 adult men and women are no longer obese, having moved into healthier weight categories.

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Obesity is a common risk factor for premature death and disability in the United States.  Over the same two-year period, statewide Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Surveys (BRFSS) data showed a less dramatic decrease in obesity from 31.8 percent to 29.3 percent, demonstrating that San Antonio is now fitter than most of Texas. The declining obesity rate in San Antonio also was paralleled by an increase in the healthy weight proportion of the population from 31.2 percent to 35.4 percent. 

"People are getting more active and living healthier in San Antonio, whether it's walking, cycling or using our parks," San Antonio Mayor Julian Castro said. "We now have concrete evidence that our investments are paying off and positively impacting the health of our families and the overall quality of life in San Antonio."

The source of these data are the enhanced BRFSS conducted at the beginning and end of the $15.6 million Communities Putting Prevention to Work (CPPW) obesity prevention grant received by Metro Health. 

"The reduction in obesity is very encouraging and once again demonstrates that 'si, se puede.'  Nevertheless, we have a long way to go especially for those of lower income and education and the elderly," said Dr. Thomas Schlenker, director of Metro Health.

Metro Health partnered with the City of San Antonio Departments for Parks and Recreation, Planning, Public Works, Library, Office of Sustainability and the Mayor's Fitness Council, as well as the Bexar County Health Collaborative, San Antonio Housing Authority, YMCA, SA Sports, UTSA, the University of Texas School of Public Health and local school districts to apply CPPW funds in a variety of ways to increase physical activity and improve nutrition.  CPPW initiatives include Siclovia, 108 salad bars in schools, ride-to-own bikes, Fitness in the Park classes, SPARKS parks and other shared-used facilities.

Simultaneously, with other funding, the San Antonio River Mission Reach was inaugurated, the B-cycle bike share program was created, Por Vida dining was embraced by restaurants and Greenway Trails were extended.  

"San Antonio residents are becoming more physically active and are living healthier lifestyles," said City Manager Sheryl Sculley. "We are making initial strides in the right direction, and are proud of the City programs and initiatives that provide access to resources for families to improve overall quality of life."

The survey showed greatest improvements among middle class Hispanics with some post high school education.  However, all sectors of the community, segmented by age, gender, race/ethnicity and geography, moved toward greater fitness, with the exception of those over 65.  Obesity rates among seniors may be on the rise. 

BRFSS is a periodic, standardized, nationwide survey carried out by the U.S.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Locally, the survey was enhanced by tripling the standard sample size to more accurately document any changes over the time period of the Metro Health CPPW grant. Approximately 1,500 people were surveyed by telephone in Bexar County in 2010 and 2012 using standardized questions and methods. 

The larger sample size produces a nearly 95 percent confidence rate that the BMI changes are not the product of random error.

2010 BMI Bexar County

DEMOGRAPHIC

RESPONDENT NUMBER

Neither overweight nor obese

Overweight

Obese

GROUPS

TOTAL

WEIGHTED

N

%

C.I. (95%)

N

%

C.I. (95%)

N

%

C.I. (95%)

TOTAL           

1501

1,075,903

446

31.2

26.2-36.2

522

33.7

29.0-38.4

533

35.1

30.4-39.9

Male             

548

540,360

124

26.7

18.7-34.7

235

38.4

30.9-45.8

189

34.9

27.6-42.3

Female          

952

534,159

321

35.5

29.5-41.6

287

29.1

23.4-34.8

344

35.4

29.5-41.3

White/Non-Hisp  

671

380,504

249

37.8

30.6-44.9

232

37.0

30.0-43.9

190

25.3

20.0-30.6

Other Race      

792

677,174

191

27.8

21.0-34.6

270

31.7

25.4-38.0

331

40.5

33.8-47.3

35-44           

161

208,715

48

26.4

17.5-35.3







45-54           

244

191,441

65

21.8

15.1-28.4

86

39.2

30.4-48.1

93

39.0

30.2-47.9

55-64           

373

139,238

88

21.2

15.4-26.9

134

39.0

31.6-46.4

151

39.8

32.5-47.2

65+             

584

157,531

193

34.6

28.8-40.4

221

34.3

29.0-39.6

170

31.1

25.4-36.8

H.S. or G.E.D.  

418

300,775




140

32.3

22.4-42.3

153

32.2

23.5-40.9

Some Post-H.S.  

418

337,888

115

28.6

20.0-37.3

136

29.7

22.2-37.2

167

41.7

32.5-50.9

College Graduate

445

243,638

154

31.9

24.0-39.8

164

39.0

31.4-46.7

127

29.1

22.0-36.1

$50,000- 74,999 

192

136,982







54

22.6

13.7-31.5

$75,000+        

250

191,804




83

28.5

20.4-36.5

78

34.3

25.0-43.6

2012 BMI Bexar County

DEMOGRAPHIC

RESPONDENT NUMBER

Neither overweight nor obese

Overweight

Obese

GROUPS

TOTAL

WEIGHTED

N

%

C.I. (95%)

N

%

C.I. (95%)

N

%

C.I. (95%)

TOTAL           

1451

1,159,901

454

35.4

29.8-41.0

513

36.1

30.6-41.6

484

28.5

23.7-33.3

Male            

506

576,090

130

29.6

20.3-39.0

221

41.6

32.4-50.9

155

28.7

20.6-36.8

Female          

945

583,811

324

41.0

34.8-47.3

292

30.7

24.7-36.7

329

28.3

23.2-33.4

White/Non-Hisp  

604

385,194

236

38.7

30.5-46.8

204

33.6

25.6-41.6

164

27.7

20.3-35.2

Other Race      

805

745,285

200

33.6

25.9-41.2

292

36.9

29.5-44.2

313

29.6

23.2-36.0

35-44           

125

213,420

42

27.9

18.3-37.5







45-54           

220

213,301

62

24.0

16.1-31.8




84

33.2

24.4-42.0

55-64           

315

153,959

85

21.5

15.4-27.7

115

38.9

30.6-47.2

115

39.6

30.9-48.2

65+             

676

164,898

209

30.4

25.4-35.5

251

34.9

29.6-40.2

216

34.7

28.9-40.5

H.S. or G.E.D.  

384

310,783







129

26.2

17.8-34.7

Some Post-H.S.  

369

382,962

112

25.8

17.4-34.2




131

28.4

20.2-36.6

College Graduate

459

270,083

176

49.4

40.2-58.7

162

28.7

21.3-36.1

121

21.8

15.7-28.0

$75,000+        

234

232,498







55

21.2

13.3-29.0

San Antonio is a model city for the new face of America—a diverse, progressive and globally competitive city with a solid vision for national and international economic development. In 2012, San Antonio was named an All-America City by the National Civic League.  The City of San Antonio maintains a strong financial position with a "AAA" general obligation bond rating from all three major rating agencies.  The Milken Institute has ranked San Antonio No. 1 on its Best-Performing Cities list.  As the seventh-largest city in the United States, San Antonio is experiencing solid economic growth in 21st century industries such as bioscience and healthcare.  Biotech companies and healthcare systems in San Antonio contribute billions to the local economy. The Aerospace industry remains a dominant economic strength in San Antonio with the presence of several aviation and aerospace corporations, including the military.  The military has had a significant relationship with San Antonio for more than 200 years and is home to several military commands.  The city is also a cybersecurity hub; nationally recognized as a leader in the field of information security.  San Antonio is positioning itself to be at the forefront of the New Energy Economy in the United States, committed to investing and creating employment opportunities in green industries.  The travel industry also remains a consistent growing economy for the city, as millions of people visit San Antonio on a yearly basis.  For more information, visit www.sanantonio.gov

SOURCE City of San Antonio



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