"Type 2 diabetes is a complex disease and many patients on insulin are still uncontrolled," said Vanita Aroda, SUSTAIN 4 investigator and physician investigator at the MedStar Health Research Institute, Hyattsville, Md. "The results of SUSTAIN 4 are encouraging, as once-weekly semaglutide demonstrated superior glycemic control compared to insulin glargine U100 in people that generally had a relatively long duration of type 2 diabetes."
More adults treated with 0.5 mg and 1.0 mg semaglutide achieved HbA1c targets compared with insulin glargine U100: HbA1c <7% (57.5% and 73.3% vs 38.1%) and ≤6.5% (37.3% and 54.2% vs 17.5%).1 Additionally, from a mean baseline body weight of 93.4 kg/205.91 lb, adults treated with 0.5 mg and 1.0 mg semaglutide achieved statistically significant and superior reductions in mean body weight of 3.5 kg/7.72 lb and 5.2 kg/11.46 lb compared to an increase of 1.2 kg/2.65 lb with insulin glargine U100 (p<0.0001 for both).1
The most common adverse events observed for adults treated with 0.5 mg and 1.0 mg semaglutide were gastrointestinal (nausea: 21.3% and 22.2% vs insulin glargine U100, 3.6%; diarrhea: 16.3% and 19.2% vs insulin glargine U100, 4.4%; vomiting: 6.6% and 10.3% vs insulin glargine U100, 3.1%). Rates of serious adverse events were comparable across treatment groups (6.1% and 4.7% vs 5.0%). Fewer adults reported severe or blood glucose-confirmed hypoglycemia with either semaglutide dose compared to insulin glargine U100 (4.4% and 5.6% vs 10.6%). The proportion of adults treated with 0.5 mg and 1.0 mg semaglutide discontinuing treatment due to adverse events was 5.5% and 7.5% vs 1.1%) for insulin glargine U100.1
About SUSTAIN 4
SUSTAIN 4 was a randomized, open-label, multicenter, multinational 30-week trial investigating the safety and efficacy of semaglutide, administered once-weekly, vs once-daily insulin glargine (U100/mL), both added on to metformin with or without sulfonylurea in 1,089 adults with an overall type 2 diabetes duration of 8.6 years and who had not previously received any insulin-based therapies. Secondary endpoints included change in body weight from baseline after 30 weeks of treatment. The trial was conducted in Argentina, Croatia, France, Germany, India, Macedonia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Puerto Rico, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, UK and the US.
About the SUSTAIN clinical program
SUSTAIN (Semaglutide Unabated Sustainability in Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes) is a clinical program for semaglutide, administered once weekly, that comprises six phase 3a global clinical trials encompassing more than 7,000 people with type 2 diabetes as well as two Japanese trials encompassing around 1,000 people with type 2 diabetes.
About Novo Nordisk
Novo Nordisk is a global health care company with more than 90 years of innovation and leadership in diabetes care. This heritage has given us experience and capabilities that also enable us to help people with other serious chronic conditions: hemophilia, growth disorders and obesity. With U.S. headquarters in Plainsboro, N.J., Novo Nordisk Inc. has more than 5,000 employees in the United States. For more information, visit novonordisk.us or follow us on Twitter: @novonordiskus.
- Aroda VR, Bain SC, Cariou B, et al. Efficacy and safety of once-weekly seamglutide vs once-daily insulin glargine in insulin-naïve subjects with type 2 diabetes (SUSTAIN 4). Abstract number 290. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists 25th Annual Scientific and Clinical Congress (AACE), Orlando, FL, US; 25-29 May 2016.
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SOURCE Novo Nordisk