Slow Wage Growth to Continue in 2013, WTI Shows

ARLINGTON, Va., Jan. 16, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ --  The pace of annual wage increases in the private sector likely will remain slow in the coming months, according to the final fourth quarter Wage Trend Indicator™ (WTI) report released today by Bloomberg BNA, a leading publisher of specialized news and information.


The index fell to 98.41 (second quarter 1976 = 100) from 98.52 in the third quarter. Over the past five quarters, the WTI has fluctuated within a narrow range from 98.40 to 98.67.

"We're still seeing gradual improvement in labor market conditions, which is in line with the slow pace of economic growth," economist Kathryn Kobe, a consultant who helped develop and now maintains Bloomberg BNA's WTI database, said. "The latest WTI suggests there is still too much slack to support most workers' demands for higher wages," Kobe said.

Kobe said she expects little or no change in annual wage gains in the private sector from the 1.8 percent increase over the year ended in the third quarter, as measured by the Department of Labor's employment cost index (ECI). The WTI does not forecast the magnitude of wage growth, only the direction.

Over its history, the WTI has predicted a turning point in wage trends six to nine months before the trends are apparent in the ECI. A sustained increase in the WTI forecasts greater pressure to raise private sector wages, while a sustained decline is predictive of a deceleration in the rate of wage increases.

Reflecting mixed economic conditions, three of the WTI's seven components made negative contributions to the final fourth quarter reading, while three factors were positive and one was neutral.

Contributions of Components

Among the WTI's seven components, the three negative contributors to the final fourth quarter reading were average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers, reported by DOL; the share of employers planning to hire production and service workers in the coming months, measured by Bloomberg BNA's quarterly employment outlook survey; and the proportion of employers reporting difficulty in filling professional and technical jobs, also from Bloomberg BNA's employment survey. The three positive factors were forecasters' expectations for the rate of inflation, compiled by the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia; the unemployment rate, from DOL; and job losers as a share of the labor force, also from DOL. The neutral component was industrial production, reported by the Federal Reserve Board.

Bloomberg BNA's Wage Trend Indicator™ is designed to serve as a yardstick for employers, analysts, and policymakers to identify turning points in private sector wage patterns. It also provides timely information for business and human resource analysts and executives as they plan for year-to-year changes in compensation costs.

The WTI is released in 12 monthly reports per year showing the preliminary, revised, and final readings for each quarter, based on newly emerging economic data.

More information on the Wage Trend Indicator is available on Bloomberg BNA's WTI home page at

The next report of the Wage Trend Indicator™ will be released on Wednesday, Feb. 20, 2013 (preliminary first quarter)

Bloomberg BNA, a wholly owned subsidiary of Bloomberg, is a leading source of legal, regulatory, and business information for professionals. Its network of more than 2,500 reporters, correspondents, and leading practitioners delivers expert analysis, news, practice tools, and guidance — the information that matters most to professionals.  Bloomberg BNA's authoritative coverage spans the full range of legal practice areas, including tax & accounting, labor & employment, intellectual property, banking & securities, employee benefits, health care, privacy & data security, human resources, and environment, health & safety.

Dr. Joel Popkin, who is acknowledged as one of the country's foremost authorities on the measurement and analysis of wages and prices, developed the WTI for Bloomberg BNA. Formerly an official with the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Dr. Popkin has been an analyst observing and predicting the U.S. economic outlook for 40 years. Kathryn Kobe, who worked with Popkin in designing the indicator for Bloomberg BNA, is director of price, wage, and productivity analysis at Economic Consulting Services LLC.

To receive Wage Trend Indicator™ reports by e-mail on a regular basis, contact Jerry Walsh, Bloomberg BNA Research & Custom Solutions, 800.372.1033.

SOURCE Bloomberg BNA


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