Supercapacitors: Technology Developments and Global Markets
NEW YORK, Oct. 12, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:
The global market for supercapacitors is estimated at $470 million in 2010. Demand for supercapacitors is projected to continue growing at a very healthy rate during the next 5 years, reaching a value of $1.2 billion in 2015, a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 20.6%
The energy sector is projected to represent the second-largest segment in 2010, with total revenues of $82 million, equal to 17.5% of the total. This sector is projected to increase at a 13.5% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to reach $611 million in 2015.
The third most relevant sector is transportation, with a 13.5% share. This sector is projected to increase at a 34.8% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to reach $282 million in 2015.
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
Supercapacitors are devices utilized to store and release energy that are gaining increasing interest not only in their traditional field of application (electronics) but also in other sectors such as power generation and transportation.
The main goal of this report is to provide new insights into supercapacitor technology by outlining technological trends and supplying a market analysis for these products.
Specifically, the major objectives of this study are to:
Provide a detailed review of supercapacitors, including a description of their types and fabrication technologies.
Highlight new technological developments in supercapacitor manufacturing, while outlining technical issues.
Review current fields of application for supercapacitors and investigate emerging applications.
Estimate current global markets for supercapacitors by type, application, and region, with growth forecasts through 2015 for each market segment.
Identify important technology and market trends within each market segment.
Supply an updated review of current producers of supercapacitors.
Provide a description of current worldwide research activities and evaluate their impact on industry growth.
Determine trends in recently issued U.S. patents.
REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY
Supercapacitors (also known as electrical double-layer capacitors or EDLCs) are devices with design and electrical characteristics between those of capacitors and batteries.
The origins of supercapacitors can be traced back to the year 1745, when the first electrostatic capacitor was created. The first electrical double layer capacitor, however, was fabricated more than 200 years later, in 1957, by scientists at General Electric. The first commercial product was introduced by Nippon Electric Company of Japan in 1978.
During the following 2 decades several other manufacturers developed supercapacitors and entered the EDLC market. In the late 1990s, the number of research activities resulting in patent applications and issued patents began to increase rapidly. By the end of the first decade of the new millennium the number of new patents had risen by a factor of 3, leading to the development of products with improved electrical properties and lower unit costs.
The market for EDLCs is currently valued at approximately a half-billion dollars and continues to grow at a very healthy pace.
The principal reason for doing this study is to present a current assessment of the supercapacitor industry from both a technological and a market point of view and to outline future trends and key developments.
There is also a need to evaluate the current status and future trends of the EDLC industry from a global standpoint. As use of this technology expands, information on regional production, sales, and type of suppliers becomes more valuable.
An equally important reason for performing this study is to provide technical insights into supercapacitor manufacturing by:
Supplying a review of EDLC types, their applications, and production methods.
Identifying current technical issues.
Providing an overview of global R&D activities related to supercapacitors, both within public and private organizations.
Illustrating the latest technological developments.
This information can assist companies in finding opportunities for process and productivity improvements, resulting in a positive impact on future market growth.
This study will be of primary interest to all companies that:
Manufacture, sell, and distribute supercapacitors and other energy devices (e.g., batteries and fuel cells).
Supply raw materials for EDLC production.
Manufacture devices and systems that utilize supercapacitors (such as mobile phones, photovoltaic cells, wind turbines, and automobile electrical components).
Provide technical and/or marketing services in conjunction with the above- mentioned devices.
Are planning to enter the supercapacitor industry as a supplier, manufacturer, or end-user.
Overall, this study applies to industry sectors such as electronics, energy, sensors and instrumentation, medical, and transportation.
This study is mainly directed toward executives, directors, operations managers, sales and marketing managers, and strategic planners working within the above industries. Universities and research facilities may find this study to be a good source of technical information regarding supercapacitor technology, materials, equipment, and applications, which can be used as a baseline for new or expanded R&D activities. Librarians of technical information and research centers can also use this report to provide critical data to product managers, market analysts, researchers, and other professionals needing detailed and updated insights into the supercapacitor industry.
SCOPE OF REPORT
This study provides an updated review of supercapacitor technology, including materials and production processes, and identifies current and emerging applications for this technology.
BCC Research determines the current market status of supercapacitors, defines trends, and presents forecasts of growth over the next 5 years. Technological issues, including the latest process developments, are also discussed.
BCC Research analyzes the supercapacitor industry on a worldwide basis from the standpoint of both manufacturing and consumption. In addition, the study examines commercial and public research activities in major regions of the world. Research objectives and areas of interest related to materials, production methods, and applications of supercapacitors are also outlined.
More specifically, BCC's market analysis is divided into five parts.
In the first part, a historical review of supercapacitors is provided, including an outline of recent events. In addition, the report supplies a detailed description of EDLC types and their fabrication processes. In this section, current and emerging applications for these products are also identified and divided by sector (i.e., electronics, energy, transportation, medical, and sensors and instrumentation).
The second part of the report entails a global market analysis of EDLCs. Current technical issues are described, followed by a review of related, recent technological developments and patent abstracts. Global revenues (sales data in millions of dollars) are presented by supercapacitor type, application, and region, with actual data for the years 2008 and 2009 and estimated data for the year 2010.
This section concludes with a presentation of market growth trends based on industry growth, technological trends, and regional trends. Projected revenues are reported, with forecast compound annual growth rates (CAGR) for the period 2010 through 2015.
In the third part, covering global industry structure, the report provides a complete list of suppliers of supercapacitors and a description of their products. The analysis includes a description of the geographical distribution of these firms and an evaluation of production versus consumption, always from a geographical standpoint. Detailed company profiles of the top industry players are also provided.
In the fourth part of this study, an analysis of industry competitiveness is performed. This analysis encompasses a review of global research and development activities, with profiles of the most important R&D players by region, and an outline of the most critical factors contributing to industry competitiveness.
The fifth and final section includes an extensive U.S. patent analysis, with a summary of patents related to supercapacitor types, fabrication methods, and applications issued during the period 2007 through 2010. Patent analysis is performed by region, country, assignee, patent category, application, and EDLC type.
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used to obtain market data and analyze the overall market and market segments.
The technology section of this report is based on information derived from technical literature, related BCC reports, professional journals, the author's field experience, and online sources.
Global market analysis was performed by analyzing 73 manufacturers of supercapacitors, accounting for at least 95% of the global market. Data for each company was obtained by thoroughly analyzing Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings, Internet websites, annual reports, industry directories, industry magazines and catalogs, government sources, and other public sources.
Additional data was obtained from the direct contribution of primary sources, including: company executives, managers, engineers and other technical personnel representing manufacturers, developers, and users of supercapacitors and related materials and process equipment; representatives of academia and trade associations; and industry market analysts.
Secondary sources of information include:
EDGAR – U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission filings
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
European Patent Office
Company annual reports
S&P Industry Survey
Dun & Bradstreet Business Directory
American Ceramic Society publications
Foreign Chamber of Commerce directories
Foreign Stock Exchange listings
In addition to utilizing the above-noted primary and secondary sources, market growth trends and forecasts were compiled by gaining additional insights from relevant financial and market information, relevant BCC reports, and the author's own in-depth and comprehensive analysis of the collected information.
Margareth Gagliardi, BCC's chief research analyst in advanced materials, has more than 25 years of experience in the field of advanced materials, specializing in ceramic formulations, materials processing, and new product development. She has held management positions in both manufacturing and R&D within U.S. and European firms producing electronic, mechanical, chemical, and structural components. She holds a B.S. in Chemical Engineering and an M.S. in Ceramic Engineering.
Ms. Gagliardi has authored numerous BCC Research studies, including the following that are related to advanced materials and electronics:
NAN043B Nanofibers: Technologies and Developing Markets, 2010
AVM069A Photocatalysts: Technologies and Global Markets, 2010
SMC061B Atomic Layer Deposition, 2010
AVM046B Thick Film Devices, Processes and Applications, 2010
AVM052B Aerogels, 2009
AVM065A Smart Glass: Technologies and Global Markets, 2009
SMC037D Sputtering Targets and Sputtered Films: Technology and Markets, 2008
NAN043A Nanofibers: Technologies and Developing Markets, 2007
NAN042A Nanorobotics and NEMS, 2007
AVM052A Aerogels, 2006
SMC061A Atomic Layer Deposition, 2006
SMC037C Sputtering Targets and Sputtered Films: Technology and Markets, 2005
SMC057A Thin Films: Raw Materials, Technology and Applications, 2005
AVM046A Thick Film Devices, Processes and Applications, 2004
Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1
REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY 1
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE OF REPORT 3
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH STUDIES 5
ANALYST CREDENTIALS 6
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SUPERCAPACITORS, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 9
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SUPERCAPACITORS, 2008-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 9
ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES 10
TABLE 1 ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES 10
CAPACITORS, BATTERIES, AND SUPERCAPACITORS 10
COMPARISON OF ENERGY STORAGE CAPABILITY 12
Ragone Plot 12
TABLE 2 CAPACITORS, SUPERCAPACITORS, BATTERIES: TYPICAL PROPERTIES, 2010 13
HISTORY OF SUPERCAPACITORS 13
HISTORY OF SUPERCAPACITORS (CONTINUED) 14
TABLE 3 SUPERCAPACITORS - TECHNOLOGICAL MILESTONES 15
TABLE 3 (CONTINUED) 16
FIGURE 1 SUPERCAPACITORS - WORLDWIDE PATENT APPLICATIONS AND PATENTS ISSUED, 1990-2009 17
SUPERCAPACITORS: MATERIALS, TYPES AND FABRICATION PROCESSES 18
Carbon Electrodes 18
Polymer Electrodes 19
Metal Oxide Electrodes 19
Symmetric and Asymmetric EDLCs 20
Supercapacitor/Battery Hybrid Devices 20
Organic Electrolytes 21
Aqueous Electrolytes 21
Capacitor Design Optimization 22
FABRICATION PROCESS 22
Monopolar Cells 22
Bipolar Cells 23
CURRENT AND EMERGING APPLICATIONS FOR SUPERCAPACITORS 24
TABLE 4 CURRENT AND EMERGING APPLICATIONS OF SUPERCAPACITORS BY INDUSTRY 24
TABLE 4 (CONTINUED) 25
SENSORS AND INSTRUMENTATION 27
Chapter-4: GLOBAL MARKET
ANALYSIS OUTLINE 28
GLOBAL MARKET SUMMARY 29
TABLE 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SUPERCAPACITORS, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 30
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SUPERCAPACITORS, 2008-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 30
THE MARKET FOR SUPERCAPACITORS 31
CURRENT TECHNICAL ISSUES 31
Advantages of EDLCs 31
Disadvantages of EDLCs 32
TABLE 6 UNIT PRICE FOR SUPERCAPACITORS, 1985-2010 ($ MILLIONS) 33
Electrical Properties 33
Shapes and Sizes 33
High-Surface-Area Electrode Materials 33
LATEST TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS, 2008 TO PRESENT 33
Paper-Thin Electrodes for Supercapacitors 34
Nano Supercapacitor 34
Flexible and Transparent Supercapacitor 35
Electrolyte for High-Voltage Supercapacitor 35
Hierarchical Nanowire Composites for EDLC Electrodes 36
Metal Oxide/Graphene Nanocomposite for EDLC Electrodes 37
Micro-Supercapacitors for Portable Electronics 38
Paper Supercapacitors 38
Miniature Asymmetric Electrochemical Supercapacitor 39
Micro-Supercapacitors from Onion-like Carbon Particles 39
Supercapacitor with Aerogel Electrodes 40
Paper-Thin Supercapacitors 40
CURRENT MARKET STATUS 41
Current Market Summary 41
Revenues by Supercapacitor Type 41
TABLE 7 SUPERCAPACITORS: GLOBAL REVENUES BY TYPE, 2010 ($ MILLIONS/%) 42
FIGURE 3 SUPERCAPACITORS: MARKET SHARE BY TYPE, 2010 (%) 43
Revenues by Application 43
TABLE 8 SUPERCAPACITORS: GLOBAL REVENUES BY APPLICATION, 2010 ($ MILLIONS) 44
FIGURE 4 SUPERCAPACITORS: MARKET SHARE BY APPLICATION, 2010 (%) 44
Revenues by Region 45
TABLE 9 SUPERCAPACITORS: REVENUES BY REGION, THROUGH 2010 ($ MILLIONS) 46
FIGURE 5 SUPERCAPACITORS: MARKET SHARE BY REGION, 2010 (%) 46
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS 47
INDUSTRY GROWTH 47
General Semiconductor Industry 47
TABLE 10 FORECAST - SEMICONDUCTORS: REVENUES BY REGION, THROUGH 2015 ($ BILLIONS) 48
Mobile Phones 48
TABLE 11 FORECAST – MOBILE PHONES, SMART PHONES AND PDAS: GLOBAL REVENUES, THROUGH 2015 ($ BILLIONS) 48
Portable Computers and E-Book Readers 49
TABLE 12 FORECAST – PORTABLE COMPUTERS AND E-BOOK READERS: GLOBAL REVENUES, THROUGH 2015 ($ BILLIONS) 49
Digital Cameras 49
Appliances and Home Improvement 49
Safety and Security 50
TABLE 13 FORECAST – SAFETY AND SECURITY: GLOBAL REVENUES, THROUGH 2015 ($ BILLIONS) 50
General Automotive Industry 50
Electric and Hybrid Vehicles 51
TABLE 14 FORECAST – ELECTRIC AND HYBRID VEHICLES: GLOBAL REVENUES, THROUGH 2015 ($ BILLIONS) 51
Wind Turbines 52
Photovoltaic Modules 52
TABLE 15 FORECAST - PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES: GLOBAL PRODUCTION BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 (MW) 52
Fuel Cells 52
TABLE 16 FORECAST – FUEL CELLS: GLOBAL REVENUES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 53
Uninterruptible Power Supplies 53
Electrical Grids 53
Sensors and Instrumentation 54
TABLE 17 FORECAST – PORTABLE INSTRUMENTS AND WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS: GLOBAL REVENUES, THROUGH 2015 ($ BILLIONS) 54
TABLE 18 FORECAST: DEFIBRILLATORS AND CARDIAC PACEMAKERS: GLOBAL REVENUES, THROUGH 2015 ($ BILLIONS) 55
TECHNOLOGICAL TRENDS 55
Trends in the Energy and Environmental Sectors 55
Trends in the Electronics Sector 56
Trends in Power Electronics 56
Other Trends 56
REGIONAL TRENDS 57
PROJECTED SUPERCAPACITOR MARKET 58
KEY OBSERVATIONS 58
TABLE 19 FACTORS AFFECTING SALES OF SUPERCAPACITORS, TO 2015 58
MARKET FORECAST 59
Revenues by Application 59
TABLE 20 FORECAST – SUPERCAPACITORS: GLOBAL REVENUES BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 60
FIGURE 6 FORECAST – SUPERCAPACITORS: MARKET SHARE BY APPLICATION, 2015 (%) 61
Revenues by Supercapacitor Type 61
TABLE 21 FORECAST – SUPERCAPACITORS: GLOBAL REVENUES BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 62
FIGURE 7 FORECAST – SUPERCAPACITORS: MARKET SHARE BY TYPE, 2015 (%) 63
Revenues by Region 63
TABLE 22 FORECAST– SUPERCAPACITORS: REVENUES BY REGION, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 64
FIGURE 8 FORECAST - SUPERCAPACITORS: MARKET SHARE BY REGION, 2015 (%) 65
Chapter-5: GLOBAL INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
GLOBAL INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 66
MANUFACTURERS OF SUPERCAPACITORS 67
TABLE 23 MANUFACTURERS OF SUPERCAPACITORS 67
TABLE 23 (CONTINUED) 68
TABLE 23 (CONTINUED) 69
MANUFACTURERS OF … (CONTINUED) 70
FIGURE 9 SUPPLIERS OF SUPERCAPACITORS: DISTRIBUTION BY SIZE (NUMBER OF COMPANIES) 71
FIGURE 10 HISTORICAL GROWTH OF SUPERCAPACITOR MANUFACTURERS (NUMBER OF COMPANIES) 72
OTHER PLAYERS IN THE SUPERCAPACITOR INDUSTRY 72
TABLE 24 OTHER RELEVANT PLAYERS IN THE SUPERCAPACITOR INDUSTRY 73
TABLE 24 (CONTINUED) 74
SUPERCAPACITOR PRODUCTION BY REGION 74
TABLE 25 SUPERCAPACITORS: MANUFACTURING BY REGION, 2008-2015 (PERCENT OF SALES) 75
SUPERCAPACITOR CONSUMPTION BY REGION 76
TABLE 26 SUPERCAPACITORS: CONSUMPTION BY REGION, 2008-2015 (PERCENT OF SALES) 76
COMPANY PROFILES 77
SANDVIK MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY 81
LS MTRON 81
Maxwell (Continued) 83
NEC TOKIN 84
Nec Tokin (Continued) 85
NIPPON CHEMI-CON 87
SAMWHA CAPACITOR GROUP 89
SHIZUKI ELECTRIC 91
Chapter-6: INDUSTRY COMPETITIVENESS
SUPERCAPACITOR DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES 92
TABLE 27 ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN SUPERCAPACITOR RESEARCH, WORLDWIDE 92
TABLE 27 (CONTINUED) 93
TABLE 27 (CONTINUED) 94
TABLE 27 (CONTINUED) 95
TABLE 27 (CONTINUED) 96
UNITED STATES 96
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 96
TABLE 28 LBNL RESEARCH 97
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 97
TABLE 29 MIT RESEARCH 98
National Renewable Energy Laboratory 98
TABLE 30 NREL RESEARCH 99
Oak Ridge National Laboratory 99
TABLE 31 ORNL RESEARCH 100
Sandia National Laboratories 100
TABLE 32 SNL RESEARCH 101
University of California at Los Angeles 101
TABLE 33 UCLA RESEARCH 102
Stanford University 102
TABLE 34 STANFORD UNIVERSITY RESEARCH 103
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 103
TABLE 35 CNRS/CIRIMAT RESEARCH 104
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Institutes 104
TABLE 36 FRAUNHOFER INSTITUTES RESEARCH 105
Imperial College 106
TABLE 37 IMPERIAL COLLEGE RESEARCH 106
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology 106
TABLE 38 KAIST RESEARCH 107
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan 107
TABLE 39 AIST RESEARCH 108
REST OF THE WORLD 108
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization 108
TABLE 40 CSIRO RESEARCH 109
SUMMARY OF GLOBAL R&D ACTIVITIES IN SUPERCAPACITOR TECHNOLOGY 110
FIGURE 11 CURRENT GLOBAL SUPERCAPACITOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BY TYPE (%) 111
FIGURE 12 CURRENT GLOBAL SUPERCAPACITOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, BY SUBJECT (%) 112
FIGURE 12 (CONTINUED) 113
Industry Initiatives 113
OTHER CONSIDERATIONS 113
COST FACTOR 113
QUALITY FACTOR 114
TECHNOLOGY FACTOR 114
MANUFACTURING CAPABILITY 114
KEY GROWTH MARKETS 115
TABLE 41 GLOBAL GROWTH FORECAST FOR CURRENT AND POTENTIAL SUPERCAPACITOR APPLICATIONS, 2010-2015 115
TABLE 41 (CONTINUED) 116
Sensors and Instrumentation 117
DRIVING FORCES AND THEIR IMPACT ON MARKET GROWTH 117
TABLE 42 PERCENTAGE IMPACT OF MAJOR COMPETITIVE FACTORS ON THE GROWTH OF THE SUPERCAPACITOR MARKET, 2010-2015 118
Chapter-7: U.S. PATENT ANALYSIS
SUMMARY OF PATENTS AWARDED DURING THE PERIOD 2007 THROUGH 2010 119
TABLE 43 SUPERCAPACITORS – U.S. PATENTS, 2010 120
TABLE 43 (CONTINUED) 121
TABLE 43 (CONTINUED) 122
TABLE 43 (CONTINUED) 123
TABLE 43 (CONTINUED) 124
TABLE 43 (CONTINUED) 125
TABLE 43 (CONTINUED) 126
TABLE 44 SUPERCAPACITORS – U.S. PATENTS, 2009 126
TABLE 44 (CONTINUED) 127
TABLE 44 (CONTINUED) 128
TABLE 44 (CONTINUED) 129
TABLE 44 (CONTINUED) 130
TABLE 44 (CONTINUED) 131
TABLE 45 SUPERCAPACITORS – U.S. PATENTS, 2008 132
TABLE 45 (CONTINUED) 133
TABLE 45 (CONTINUED) 134
TABLE 45 (CONTINUED) 135
TABLE 45 (CONTINUED) 136
TABLE 45 (CONTINUED) 137
TABLE 46 SUPERCAPACITORS – U.S. PATENTS, 2007 137
TABLE 46 (CONTINUED) 138
TABLE 46 (CONTINUED) 139
TABLE 46 (CONTINUED) 140
TABLE 46 (CONTINUED) 141
TABLE 46 (CONTINUED) 142
TABLE 46 (CONTINUED) 143
TABLE 46 (CONTINUED) 144
GENERAL TRENDS 144
TABLE 47 SUPERCAPACITORS: U.S. PATENT TRENDS, 2007-2010 145
FIGURE 13 SUPERCAPACITORS: U.S. PATENT TRENDS, 2007-2010 (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 146
TRENDS BY COUNTRY AND REGION 146
FIGURE 14 SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS RELATED TO SUPERCAPACITORS BY REGION, 2007-2010 (%) 147
FIGURE 15 SUPERCAPACITORS: PATENTS BY COUNTRY, 2007-2010 (%) 148
TRENDS BY ASSIGNEE 149
TABLE 48 ASSIGNEES OF U.S. PATENTS RELATED TO SUPERCAPACITORS, 2007-2010 150
TABLE 48 (CONTINUED) 151
TABLE 48 (CONTINUED) 152
FIGURE 16 SUPERCAPACITORS: SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS BY ORGANIZATION TYPE, 2007-2010 (%) 153
TRENDS BY PATENT CATEGORY 153
TRENDS BY PATENT CATEGORY (CONTINUED) 154
FIGURE 17 SUPERCAPACITORS: SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS BY CATEGORY, 2007-2010 (%) 155
TRENDS BY APPLICATION 155
FIGURE 18 SUPERCAPACITORS: SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS BY APPLICATION, 2007-2010 (%) 156
FIGURE 18 (CONTINUED) 157
TRENDS BY SUPERCAPACITOR TYPE 157
FIGURE 19 SUPERCAPACITORS: SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS BY TYPE, 2007-2010 (%) 158
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