Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets

NEW YORK, Aug. 15, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets
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This report provides:

- An overview of the global market for terahertz radiation (THz) systems
- Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018
- Identification of the classes of devices, including imaging devices, spectroscopes, other sensors, communications devices, and computing devices
- Examination of general properties of THz radiation
- Historical milestones in the development of THz radiation devices
- Discussion of emerging and developmental THz radiation technologies and applications that have the greatest commercial potential through 2018
- Assessments of promising THz applications in the context of user needs and competing technologies
- Industry structure
- Patent analysis
- Comprehensive company profiles of major players.

STUDY BACKGROUND

Over the last hundred years or so, physicists and engineers have progressively learned to exploit new areas of the electromagnetic spectrum. Starting with visible light, they have developed technologies for generating and detecting radiation at both higher and lower frequencies.Sandwiched between the optical on the short wavelength side and radio on the long wavelength extreme, the terahertz (THz) frequency range (also called the far infrared or submillimeter-wave region) has been the least explored and developed portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. The potential usefulness of THz radiation, with its ability to penetrate a wide range of nonconducting materials, has been known for a long time. The first images generated using THz radiation date from as far back as the 1960s.However, practical applications of THz radiation have been longer in coming, due to the so-called "terahertz gap." The terahertz gap refers to the technologies needed to generate, channel and detect THz radiation subject to real-world constraints such as size, cost and operating temperatures. Recent developments in THz radiation sources, detectors and waveguides have started to close the terahertz gap, opening up a range of potential applications in transportation security, medical imaging, nondestructive testing and other fields.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report is an update of an earlier BCC Research report, published in 2011. The overall goals of this report include assessing the technological process that has been made toward bridging the terahertz gap and assessing the commercial potential of THz radiation devices over the next five to 10 years. Specific objectives include:
Identifying the THz applications that are most likely to achieve significant commercial sales by 2023.
Assessing any remaining barriers to their commercialization, and developing quantitative estimates of potential sales.
Analyzing promising THz applications in the context of user needs and competing technologies.
Developing quantitative market projections through 2023.
Identifying companies that are well positioned to profit from these trends.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report is intended especially for marketing executives, entrepreneurs, investors, venture capitalists and other readers with a need to know where the emerging market for THz radiation devices is headed over the next 10 years. Although the report is organized around specific technologies, it is largely nontechnical in nature and coverage. That is, it is concerned less with theory and jargon than with what works, how much of the latter the market is likely to purchase and at what price.The report has not been written specifically for scientists and technologists. However, the report's findings concerning the market for their work, including the availability of government and corporate research funding for different technologies and applications, should interest them as well.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

The report addresses the emerging global market for THz radiation devices, including the classes of devices listed below.
Imaging devices.
Spectroscopes.
Other sensors.
Communications devices.
Computing devices.
The study format includes the following major elements:
Executive summary.
Definitions.
General properties of THz radiation.
Historical milestones in the development of THz radiation devices.
Emerging and developmental THz radiation technologies and applications that have the greatest commercial potential through 2023.
Detailed market estimates and projections for each technology and application during the period 2013 to 2018
General assessment of expected market trends in the longer term (2018 to 2023).
Industry structure.
Patent analysis.

INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY

Projecting the market for emerging technologies, whose commercial potential has not yet been proven, is a challenging task. This is nowhere truer than the THz radiation field, which may help to explain why many analysts focus on supply-side technology assessments.However, BCC's objective in this report is to provide not just a technology assessment but also an initial commercial assessment of the potential commercial market for THz devices. To accomplish this objective, BCC used a multiphase approach to identify the technologies with the greatest commercial potential and quantify the related markets.In the first phase of the analysis, BCC identified a long list of THz technologies and applications, including those that are still under development. In the second phase, BCC eliminated those applications that appear to have little likelihood of making it into commercial use in the next five to 10 years, which was accomplished through a literature review and interviews with industry sources. The result of phase two was a short list of THz technologies with the greatest commercial potential over the time period covered by this report.The third phase focused on quantifying the potential market for each short-listed THz technology, by application, and identifying the main prerequisites for commercial success. Phase three actually had two phases: 1) development of near- to midterm (2013 to 2018) projections, and 2) development of longer-term (2018 to 2023) projections.

The development of such long-term projections is a departure from the usual BCC report format, necessitated by the long time frame for commercialization of many of the technologies analyzed in this report. Obviously, the projections for the out-years beyond 2018 are more tentative than the projections for 2013 to 2018.The specific assumptions and approach BCC used to develop the projections (both near/midterm and long-term) for each THz technology and application are documented in detail under the various segments addressed. This way, readers can see how the market estimates were developed and, if they so desire, test the impact on the final numbers of changing the underlying assumptions.One of the approaches used by BCC deserves special mention here. Particularly in the case of THz applications that are still under development, BCC used the sales performance of non-THz applications that share some of the same functions or other characteristics with the respective THz applications as a benchmark for assessing the latter's sales potential.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY BACKGROUND 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE AND FORMAT 3
INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY 3
ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 5
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND
SYSTEMS, BY TYPE OF SYSTEM, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND
SYSTEMS, BY TYPE OF SYSTEM, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY TABLE B GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND
SYSTEMS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 8
SUMMARY FIGURE B GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND
SYSTEMS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 8
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 11
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF TERAHERTZ RADIATION 11
DEFINITION AND GENERAL DESCRIPTION 11
PROPERTIES 11
Line of Sight Travel 11
Limited Range 12
Safety 12
Ability to Penetrate Nonconducting Materials 13
Improved Image Resolution/Contrast 13
Absorption by Water and Other Materials 13
Interactions with Metal 14
Spectral Sensitivity 14
HISTORY 15
THZ ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES 16
THZ SOURCES 16
Laser Sources 16
Optically Pumped THz Lasers 16
Ti:Sapphire Femtosecond Laser 17
Quantum Cascade Lasers 18
Free-Electron Lasers 18
Electronic Sources 19
Backward-Wave Oscillators 19

Direct Multiplied Sources 19
Photomixing 20
Hybrid Sources 20.THZ DETECTORS 20
Direct Detectors 20
Bolometers 20
Golay Cells 21
Pyroelectric Detectors 21
Semiconductor Detectors 22
Heterodyne Receivers 22
Schottky Mixers 23
Superconductor-Isolator-Superconductor Mixers 23
Hot Electron Bolometer Mixers 23
Other Technologies 23
Semiconductor Nanowire-Based Detectors 23
THZ WAVEGUIDES 23
Metal Wire Waveguide 24
Other Types of THz Waveguide 24
THZ SWITCHES, REGULATORS, LENSES AND OTHER DEVICES 24
Optically Switched Metamaterial THz Switch 25
Organic Molecule Switching 25
Voltage Controlled Metamaterial THz Modulator 25
Ballistic Deflection THz Transistor 25
THz Lenses, Filters and Windows 26
THz Isolator 26

Nanotube-Based THz Isolator 26
Metal-Insulator Electronics 26
NEW MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES 27
Nanomaterials 27
Superconductors 27
Metamaterials 28
FIGURE 1 SPLIT RING RESONATOR 29
Graphene 29
Micro-Electromechanical Systems (MEMS) 31
TYPES OF THZ SYSTEMS 31
IMAGING SYSTEMS 32
SPECTROSCOPES 32
SENSORS 32
COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES 33
COMPUTERS 33
THERAPEUTIC DEVICES 33
POTENTIAL THZ END USES AND APPLICATIONS 34
TABLE 1 POTENTIAL END USES AND APPLICATIONS OF THZ RADIATION 34
OVERALL MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION 34
MARKET SIZE 34

FIGURE 2 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS, 2012–2023 ($ MILLIONS) 34
APPLICATION SEGMENTS 35
TABLE 2 MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2012–2023 ($
MILLIONS) 35
FIGURE 3 THZ MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL
SALES) 36
CHAPTER 4 TERAHERTZ IMAGING SYSTEMS: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND
MARKETS, 2012-2023 39
TECHNOLOGIES 39
ACTIVE VS. PASSIVE SYSTEMS 39
TYPE OF ILLUMINATION 39
Pulsed Systems 39
Continuous-Wave Systems 40
TECHNOLOGICAL HURDLES 40
Power 40
Spatial Resolution 41
Signal-to-Noise Ratio 41
Image Acquisition Speed 42
Scattering 42
Cost 42
Non-Line-of-Sight Applications 43

MANUFACTURERS 43
TABLE 3 COMPANIES THAT MANUFACTURE OR ARE DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ
IMAGING DEVICES 44
END USES AND APPLICATIONS 44
TABLE 4 POTENTIAL THZ IMAGING END USES AND APPLICATIONS 44
SECURITY/PUBLIC SAFETY 45
Passenger Screening 45
HEALTHCARE 46
Medical Imaging 46
Intraoperative Imaging 47
Skin Cancer Detection 48
Endoscopy 48
Clinical Dentistry 48
Diagnostics 49
MANUFACTURING 49
Process/Quality Control 49
TABLE 5 THZ NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING APPLICATIONS 49
Aerospace 50
Pharmaceuticals 50
Semiconductor Wafer and Circuit Inspection and Testing 50
Other Applications 51

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 51
Astronomy 51
Art and Archaeology 52
MILITARY/DEFENSE 52
Target Acquisition and Identification 52
Land Mine and IED Detection 52
MULTIPURPOSE 53
Compact, Low-Cost THz Cameras 53
MARKETS 53
FIGURE 4 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING SYSTEMS,
2012-2023 ($ MILLIONS) 53
TABLE 6 MARKET FOR THZ IMAGING BY END-USE, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 54
FIGURE 5 TRENDS IN THZ IMAGING SYSTEM MARKET SHARES BY TYPE OF
APPLICATION, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 55
SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY 55
Passenger Screening 55
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ AND OTHER AIRPORT SECURITY
SCREENING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 56
HEALTHCARE 57
TABLE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING DEVICES FOR HEALTHCARE
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 57
Biomedical Imaging 57
TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MEDICAL IMAGING APPLICATIONS,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 58
Intraoperative Imaging 58
TABLE 10 GLOBAL MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH
2023 ($ MILLIONS) 58
FIGURE 6 INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES MARKET SHARES, 2012 (%
OF TOTAL INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING EQUIPMENT SALES) 58

TABLE 11 MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE TERAHERTZ IMAGING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 60
Skin Cancer Detection 60
TABLE 12 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SKIN CANCER IMAGING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 60
Endoscopy 60
TABLE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ENDOSCOPES, THROUGH 2023 ($
MILLIONS) 61
Clinical Dentistry 61
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DENTAL CARIES IMAGING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 62
Diagnostics 62
Burn Diagnosis 62
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BURN DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENTS,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 63
MANUFACTURING 63
Nondestructive Testing 63
TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING EQUIPMENT FOR NDT
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 64
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 64
Astronomy 64
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ASTRONOMICAL IMAGING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 65
MILITARY/DEFENSE 65
Radar Imaging 65
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY RADAR APPLICATIONS,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 66
MULTIPURPOSE 66
Compact THz Imagers 66
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMPACT, LOW COST THZ CAMERAS, THROUGH
2023 ($ MILLIONS) 67
CHAPTER 5 TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPES: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND
MARKETS, 2012-2023 69
TECHNOLOGIES 69
SOURCES 69

REFLECTIVE VS. TRANSMISSION DETECTION 69
DETECTORS 70
TECHNOLOGICAL HURDLES 70
Slow Acquisition Speeds 70
END USES AND APPLICATIONS 71
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 71
Materials Science 71
Biochemistry 71
Plasma Diagnostics 72
Art and Archaeology 72
Environmental and Earth Science 72
MANUFACTURERS 73
TABLE 20 COMPANIES THAT MANUFACTURE OR ARE DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ
SPECTROSCOPES 73
MARKETS 73
SUMMARY 73
FIGURE 7 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY SYSTEMS,
2012-2023 ($ MILLIONS) 74
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 74
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY EQUIPMENT FOR
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 75
CHAPTER 6 TERAHERTZ SENSORS: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS,
2012-2023 77
TECHNOLOGIES 77
THZ BIOCHIPS 77
MOISTURE DETECTORS 77
APPLICATIONS 77
TABLE 22 POTENTIAL THZ SENSOR END USES AND APPLICATIONS 78
SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY 78

Chemical Agent Detection 78
HEALTHCARE 78
Medical Diagnostics 78
MANUFACTURING 78
Process/Quality Control 78
AGRICULTURE 79
Measurement of Leaf and Seed Water Content 79
MILITARY/DEFENSE 79
Chemical Agent Detection 79
MARKETS 79
FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SENSORS, 2012–2023 ($
MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 23 MARKET FOR THZ SENSORS BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($
MILLIONS) 80
FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN THZ SENSOR MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT,
2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 81
SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY 81
Chemical Agent Detection 81
TABLE 24 GLOBAL SECURITY/PUBLIC SAFETY MARKET FOR THZ CHEMICAL
WARFARE AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL DETECTORS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 82
HEALTHCARE 82
Medical Diagnostics 82
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN MEDICAL
DIAGNOSTICS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 83
MANUFACTURING 83
Process/Quality Control 83
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN INDUSTRIAL
PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 83

Pathogen Detection 83
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN INDUSTRIAL
PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 84
Measurement of Package Moisture Content 84
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN MEASUREMENT OF
PACKAGE MOISTURE CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 84
AGRICULTURE 84
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MOISTURE SENSORS USED IN
AGRICULTURE, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 85
MILITARY/DEFENSE 85
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MILITARY/DEFENSE MARKET FOR THZ CHEMICAL WARFARE
AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL DETECTORS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 85
CHAPTER 7 TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS
AND MARKETS, 2012-2023 87
TECHNOLOGIES 87
ANTENNAS 87
EMITTERS 88
MODULATORS 89
FILTERS 90
END USES AND APPLICATIONS 91
SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS 91
INDOOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS 91
TACTICAL (MILITARY) COMMUNICATIONS 92
MARKETS 92
SUMMARY 92
TABLE 31 MARKET FOR THZ COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT BY END-USER
SEGMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 93
FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION

SYSTEMS, 2012–2023 ($ MILLIONS) 93
FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN THZ COMMUNICATION MARKET SHARES BY END-USER
SEGMENT, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 93
COMMUNICATIONS 94
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DEVICES USED IN CIVILIAN
COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 95
Satellite-to-Satellite Communications 95TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ CIVILIAN SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE
COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 96
Indoor Wireless Communications 96
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ INDOOR COMMUNICATIONS
EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 97
MILITARY/DEFENSE 97
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION DEVICES USED IN
MILITARY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 98
Tactical Communications 98
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS
EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 99
Military Satellite Communications 99
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE
COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 99
CHAPTER 8 TERAHERTZ COMPUTING: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS,
2012-2023 101
TECHNOLOGIES 101

WAVEGUIDES 101
INTERCONNECTS 101
TRANSISTORS 102
END USES AND APPLICATIONS 102
MARKET 103
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING
INTERCONNECTS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 103
CHAPTER 9 OTHER TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS,
2012-2023 105
TECHNOLOGIES 105
THZ PULSE TECHNOLOGY 105
END USES AND APPLICATIONS 105
CANCER THERAPY 105
MARKET 106
CHAPTER 10 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 108
NATIONALITY 108
FIGURE 12 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY NATIONALITY (% OF TOTAL COMPANIES) 108
ANNUAL SALES 109
FIGURE 13 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY NATIONALITY (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES) 109
FIGURE 14 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY TYPE OF OWNERSHIP (% OF ALL THZ
COMPANIES) 110
PRODUCT SPECIALIZATION 111
FIGURE 15 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES SPECIALIZING IN THZ TECHNOLOGY VS.
COMPANIES WITH OTHER PRODUCT LINES (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES) 111
COMMERCIALIZATION 111
FIGURE 16 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES WITH COMMERCIAL PRODUCT (% OF ALL THZ
COMPANIES) 111

CHAPTER 11 GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED THZ RESEARCH PROGRAMS 114
UNITED STATES 114
FEDERAL-LEVEL INITIATIVES 114
Department of Defense 114
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency 114
Terahertz Electronics Program 115
Terahertz Imaging Focal-Plane Technology (TIFT) Project 115
Mission Adaptable Chemical Sensor (MACS) Project 115
U.S. Army 116
U.S. Air Force 116
U.S. Navy 117
Department of Homeland Security 117
Department of Energy 118
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 118
National Science Foundation 118
Integrative, Hybrid and Complex Systems (IHCS) Program 119
National Institutes of Health 119
INDIVIDUAL STATE INITIATIVES 119
EUROPE 119
EUROPEAN UNION 119
Ultrafast Electronics for Terahertz Rapid Analysis in Compact
Lab-on-Chip Applications (ULTRA) Project 120
Optically Driven Terahertz Amplifiers (OPTHER) Project 120
Multispectral Terahertz, Infrared, Visible Imaging and Spectroscopy
(MUSIS) Project 121
Towards 0.5 Terahertz Silicon/Germanium Heterojunction Bipolar

Technology (DOTFIVE) Project 121
TeraTOP 122
EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY 122
INDIVIDUAL GOVERNMENTS 122
Germany 123
United Kingdom 123
Italy 123
Japan 124
CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX A: COMPANY PROFILES 126
COMPANIES THAT ARE PRODUCING OR KNOWN TO BE DEVELOPING THZ
RADIATION-BASED PRODUCTS 126
AB MILLIMETRE 126
ACREO AB 126
ADVANTEST CORP. 127
AGILTRON 127
ALPES LASERS SA 127
APPLIED RESEARCH AND PHOTONICS INC. 127
BAE SYSTEMS PLC 128
BRIDGE12 TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 128
BROADBAND INC. 128
BRUKER OPTICS INC. 129
CANON INC. 129
COHERENT INC. 129
DEL MAR PHOTONICS INC. 129
EMCORE CORP. 130
FEMTOLASERS PRODUKTIONS GMBH 130
GOODRICH CORP. 130
INNOVATIVE PHOTONICS SOLUTIONS INC. 131

INSIGHT PRODUCT CO. 131
JENA OPTRONIK GMBH 131
LOCKHEED MARTIN SPACE SYSTEMS 132
LONGWAVE PHOTONICS LLC 132
M SQUARED LASERS LTD. 132
MICROTECH INSTRUMENTS INC. 133
NORTHROP GRUMMAN CORP. 133
NOVATRANS GROUP SA 133
NP PHOTONICS INC. 134
OPHIR-SPIRICON INC. 134
PICOMETRIX LLC 134
QMC INSTRUMENTS LTD. 135
RADIABEAM TECHNOLOGIES LLC 135
RAYTHEON CO. 135
SARNOFF CORP. 136
SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORP. 136
SCIENCETECH INC. 136
SMITHS DETECTION INC. 137
SPECTRUM DETECTOR INC. 137
SPIRE CORP. 137
SYNVIEW GMBH 138
TELEDYNE SCIENTIFIC AND IMAGING LLC 138
TERAPHYSICS CORP. 138
TERASENSE DEVELOPMENT LABS LLC 138
TERAVIEW LTD. 139
THOMAS KEATING LTD. 139
TRAYCER DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS INC. 140
THRUVISION LTD. 140
TOCHIGI NIKON CORP. 140
TOPTICA PHOTONICS AG 141
TOSHIBA CORPORATION 141
VERISANTE TECHNOLOGY INC. 141
VERMONT PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGIES CORP. 142
VIRGINIA DIODES INC. 142
ZOMEGA TERAHERTZ CORP. 142

OTHER COMPANIES THAT ARE CONDUCTING OR HAVE CONDUCTED THZ
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 143
CHAPTER 13 APPENDIX B: THZ RESEARCH PROGRAMS 146
NORTH AMERICA-BASED ORGANIZATIONS 146
ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY 146
JEFFERSON NATIONAL ACCELERATOR FACILITY FREE ELECTRON 146
LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY 147
LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY 147
OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY (OSU) TERAHERTZ RESEARCH
LABORATORY 147
RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE (RPI) CENTER FOR TERAHERTZ
RESEARCH 148
SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORY 148
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA (SANTA BARBARA) (UCSB) INSTITUTE FOR
TERAHERTZ SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 149
UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO MICROWAVE AND TERAHERTZ PHOTONICS
INTEGRATED SYSTEM LAB 149
FOREIGN-BASED ORGANIZATIONS 150
ASIA 150
National Institute of Technology, Warangal, Terahertz Science and
Technology Center 150
Osaka University Institute of Laser Engineering Division of Laser
Terahertz Research 150
Rikagaku Kenkyusho (RIKEN) Terahertz-Wave Research Group 150
EUROPE 151
Aachen University Institute for Semiconductor Electronics 151
Braunschweig Technical University Terahertz Communication Lab 151
Czech Academy of Sciences Laboratory of Terahertz Spectroscopy 152
Fraunhofer Institute for Physical Measurement Techniques 152
Leibniz Gemeinschaft/German Teraherz Center 152
National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics Terahertz and
Low Temperature Group 153
Oxford University Terahertz Photonics Group 153
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Terahertz Group 153
Technical University of Vienna Photonics Institute THz Group 154
University of Leeds Institute of Microwaves and Photonics THz

Imaging Group 154
CHAPTER 14 APPENDIX C: PATENT ANALYSIS 157
PATENT ANALYSIS 157
FIGURE 17 SUMMARY OF U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT
APPLICATIONS AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND
APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
157
FIGURE 18 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR THZ COMPONENTS AND
SUBSYSTEMS AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS
IDENTIFIED)
159
FIGURE 19 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR COMPLETE THZ
SYSTEMS AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS
IDENTIFIED)
160
FIGURE 20 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS
BY NATIONALITY OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL
THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
161
FIGURE 21 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS
BY TYPE OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ
PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
162
TABLE 39 MAJOR THZ IP PORTFOLIOS (NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS/PATENT
APPLICATIONS) 163

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND
SYSTEMS, BY TYPE OF SYSTEM, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY TABLE B GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND
SYSTEMS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 8
TABLE 1 POTENTIAL END USES AND APPLICATIONS OF THZ RADIATION 34
TABLE 2 MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2012–2023 ($
MILLIONS) 35
TABLE 3 COMPANIES THAT MANUFACTURE OR ARE DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ
IMAGING DEVICES 44

TABLE 4 POTENTIAL THZ IMAGING END USES AND APPLICATIONS 44
TABLE 5 THZ NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING APPLICATIONS 49
TABLE 6 MARKET FOR THZ IMAGING BY END-USE, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 54
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ AND OTHER AIRPORT SECURITY
SCREENING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 56
TABLE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING DEVICES FOR HEALTHCARE
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 57
TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MEDICAL IMAGING APPLICATIONS,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 58
TABLE 10 GLOBAL MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH
2023 ($ MILLIONS) 58
TABLE 11 MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE TERAHERTZ IMAGING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 60
TABLE 12 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SKIN CANCER IMAGING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 60
TABLE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ENDOSCOPES, THROUGH 2023 ($
MILLIONS) 61
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DENTAL CARIES IMAGING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 62
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BURN DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENTS,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 63
TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING EQUIPMENT FOR NDT
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 64
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ASTRONOMICAL IMAGING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 65
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY RADAR APPLICATIONS,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 66
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMPACT, LOW COST THZ CAMERAS, THROUGH
2023 ($ MILLIONS) 67
TABLE 20 COMPANIES THAT MANUFACTURE OR ARE DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ
SPECTROSCOPES 73
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY EQUIPMENT FOR
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 22 POTENTIAL THZ SENSOR END USES AND APPLICATIONS 78
TABLE 23 MARKET FOR THZ SENSORS BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($
MILLIONS) 80

TABLE 24 GLOBAL SECURITY/PUBLIC SAFETY MARKET FOR THZ CHEMICAL WARFARE
AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL DETECTORS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN MEDICAL
DIAGNOSTICS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN INDUSTRIAL
PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 83
IAS029C - Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets
Copyright © BCC Research, Wellesley MA USA, Website: www.bccresearch.com
TABLE HEADING PAGE NO.
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN INDUSTRIAL
PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN MEASUREMENT OF
PACKAGE MOISTURE CONTROL, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MOISTURE SENSORS USED IN
AGRICULTURE, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MILITARY/DEFENSE MARKET FOR THZ CHEMICAL WARFARE
AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL DETECTORS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 31 MARKET FOR THZ COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT BY END-USER SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 93
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DEVICES USED IN CIVILIAN
COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 95
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ CIVILIAN SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE
COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 96
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ INDOOR COMMUNICATIONS
EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION DEVICES USED IN
MILITARY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS
EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 99
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE
COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 99
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING
INTERCONNECTS, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 103
TABLE 39 MAJOR THZ IP PORTFOLIOS (NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS/PATENT
APPLICATIONS) 163

IAS029C - Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets
Copyright © BCC Research, Wellesley MA USA, Website: www.bccresearch.com
LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE TITLE PAGE NO.
SUMMARY FIGURE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND
SYSTEMS, BY TYPE OF SYSTEM, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE B GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND
SYSTEMS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2023 ($ MILLIONS) 8
FIGURE 1 SPLIT RING RESONATOR 29
FIGURE 2 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS, 2012–2023 ($ MILLIONS) 34
FIGURE 3 THZ MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL
SALES) 36
FIGURE 4 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING SYSTEMS,
2012-2023 ($ MILLIONS) 53
FIGURE 5 TRENDS IN THZ IMAGING SYSTEM MARKET SHARES BY TYPE OF
APPLICATION, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 55
FIGURE 6 INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES MARKET SHARES, 2012 (% OF
TOTAL INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING EQUIPMENT SALES) 58
FIGURE 7 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY SYSTEMS,
2012-2023 ($ MILLIONS) 74
FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SENSORS, 2012–2023 ($
MILLIONS) 79
FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN THZ SENSOR MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT,
2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 81
FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION
SYSTEMS, 2012–2023 ($ MILLIONS) 93
FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN THZ COMMUNICATION MARKET SHARES BY END-USER
SEGMENT, 2012-2023 (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 93
FIGURE 12 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY NATIONALITY (% OF TOTAL COMPANIES) 108
FIGURE 13 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY NATIONALITY (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES) 109
FIGURE 14 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY TYPE OF OWNERSHIP (% OF ALL THZ
COMPANIES) 110
FIGURE 15 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES SPECIALIZING IN THZ TECHNOLOGY VS.
COMPANIES WITH OTHER PRODUCT LINES (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES) 111
FIGURE 16 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES WITH COMMERCIAL PRODUCT (% OF ALL THZ
COMPANIES) 111
FIGURE 17 SUMMARY OF U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT
APPLICATIONS AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS
IDENTIFIED)

157
FIGURE 18 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR THZ COMPONENTS AND
SUBSYSTEMS AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS
IDENTIFIED)
159
FIGURE 19 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR COMPLETE THZ SYSTEMS
AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED) 160
FIGURE 20 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS BY
NATIONALITY OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ
PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
161
FIGURE 21 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS BY
TYPE OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF MAY 31, 2013 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS
AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
162

To order this report:
HVAC Industry:
Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets


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