LONDON, Aug. 31, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- The report analyses the global market for power and distribution transformers of $29 billion at ex factory prices in 2014. A detailed analysis of the installed base by type of transformer and ownership is shown, analysed by region and individually for 124 countries; by transformer type – Generator/Power/Distribution; power generation capacity MW; transformer capacity MVA, number of transformers, kVA per transformer. The transformer base is broken by the following categories; power transformers — GSU ? 220 kV, GSU >35 <220 kV, utility, industry/distribution transformers — GSU ? 35 kV, utility, industry. With base year 2014, the report forecasts market demand in MVA and $ value from 2015 to 2020, analysed by region and individually for 124 countries; by transformer type – Generator/Power/Distribution. Transformer : generator capacity ratios, mva : mw, are tabulated by region and 124 countries, within the three categories of transformer; enerator/Power/Distribution. Long tern demand cycles ae forecast up to 2050. The report predicts future market trends in volume and value, and examines the factors affecting price; input costs for raw materials, labour, energy and production capacity. >Production and manufacture are surveyed and levels of production capacity are assessed. The leading transformer manufacturers are ranked with market shares. The changing landscape of generation and the networks with the growth of DER and renewables, energy efficiency, logistics, electrification are identified and discussed. The global market, regions and 15 major markets are surveyed with detailed reports: - USA, France, Italy, Germany, Spain, UK, Turkey, Russia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Brazil, Mexico. The report contains 209 pages, 54 charts and 107 tables. N-1, N-2 and 2N standards of redundancy are explained. The number of transformers used in a network has to take outages into account. In the various parts of a network different degrees of redundancy are applied to achieve a cost-effective N-1 standard of security (the ability to operate without loss of service even after the failure of one key component in the grid.) Large power transformers are costly custom built items and no two are the same so spares cannot be stored, whereas MV distribution transformers are commodity items and are kept in stock by distributors and this affects contingency planning. This is discussed and different practices outlined.