WASHINGTON, July 28, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Following is the daily "Profile America" feature from the U.S. Census Bureau:
Profile America — Thursday, July 28th. The home front during World War II had to cope with some irritating impositions, notably gas rationing and a lack of new cars and tires. But what for many was a real crisis was coffee rationing. Decreed in 1942 because of hoarding and supply concerns, it proved very unpopular. President Roosevelt ended the rationing on this date in 1943 because imports had rebounded. Coffee may have been an early import by the Jamestown colony in the 17th century. Coffee consumption overtook tea after the American Revolution and peaked in 1946 at over 46 gallons per capita annually. Now, Americans drink something over 20 gallons of various coffee preparations per year, some portion of that from the nation's 19,000 coffee shops. Coffee sales at the wholesale level are nearly $17 billion per year. You can find more facts about America's people, places and economy, from the American Community Survey, at www.census.gov.
Rationing history/accessed 5/13/2016: http://cecomhistorian.armylive.dodlive.mil/2010/11/29/coffee-rationing-begins-nov-29-1942/
Rationing ends/accessed 5/13/2016: http://www.coffeecrossroads.com/coffee-history/u-s-coffee-rationing-in-world-war-ii
Coffee vs. tea: http://www.talkaboutcoffee.com/10-facts-about-the-coffee-industry.html
Per capita consumption/accessed 5/4/2016: http://www.ers.usda.gov/amber-waves/2007-june/coffee-consumption-over-the-last-century.aspx#.VXYL3ovaGkQ
Coffee shops/NAICS 7222135: http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ECN/2012_US/00A1//naics~7225155
Wholesale coffee/NAICS 14811: http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ECN/2012_US/42I3//prodsvc~14811
Profile America is produced by the Center for New Media and Promotion of the U.S. Census Bureau. Statistics and accounts drawn from cited non-Census sources are employed for illustrative or narrative purposes, and are not attested to by the U.S. Census Bureau. These daily features are available as produced segments, ready to air, on the Internet at http://www.census.gov (look for "Audio" in the "Library" pull-down menu).
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SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau