WASHINGTON, May 16, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Following is the daily "Profile America" feature from the U.S. Census Bureau:
BEGINNING THE SPINNING
Profile America — Tuesday, May 16th. The first disc-type phonograph record was demonstrated publicly on this date in 1888. The invention of Emile Berliner of Washington, DC, was called a gramophone, and used a flat disc of grooves to reproduce sound, rather than the cylinders of the day. These proved easier to duplicate for the mass market. In 1899, 151,000 phonograph players were manufactured. That number rose steadily to over 4 million just a half century ago. The advent of the compact disc in the early 1980s began the erosion of the vinyl disc and turntable dominance in recorded music. Although vinyl has always had aficionados, and is enjoying something of a comeback, in 2014, only 56,000 turntables were sold in the U.S. Profile America is beginning its 21st year as a public service of the U.S. Census Bureau.
Sources: Kane's Famous First Facts, 7006
Phonographs in 1899 and 1967: Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970, p. 695 & 696
Compact disc development/accessed 3/23/2017:
Turntable resurgence/accessed 2/23/2017:
Turntables sold in 2014/accessed 2/23/2017:
Profile America is produced by the Center for New Media and Promotion of the U.S. Census Bureau. Statistics and accounts drawn from cited non-Census sources are employed for illustrative or narrative purposes, and are not attested to by the U.S. Census Bureau. These daily features are available as produced segments, ready to air, on the Internet at http://www.census.gov (look for "Audio" in the "Library" pull-down menu).
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SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau