World Biomass Report

NEW YORK, Feb. 6, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

 

World Biomass Report

http://www.reportlinker.com/p01094729/World-Biomass-Report.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Renewable_energy

 

The biomass market suffered during the economic downturn in the face of low coal prices, logistic barriers and supply issues. 2010 saw more movement in the sector as coal prices are beginning to rise once again making co-firing coal plants with biomass more attractive. Furthermore, the biomass component of a coal-fired plant may be eligible for feed-in tariff or count towards renewable portfolio standards.Most of these plants rely on wood pellets, often transported at great distance, rather than wood chips or other less dense biomass sources. In the wood pellets market, supplies from the US and Canada are cheaper than their European counterparts and thus North America is a major suppliers for European biomass plants. CIS countries, Russia, Australia and South Africa have entered as significant suppliers, which if they could ramp up supply, could be serious competitors to the US and Canada. Or in the case of Russia, resolve supply delay issues, could be one of the biggest players in the market.

 

 

 

Contents

 

Technologies and transformation 23

Pyrolysis 23

Gasification . 23

Charcoal production 24

Briquetting and pelletizing 24

Bioheat 24

MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) 24

LFG (Landfill Gas) . 24

Biopower 24

Biomass legislation 25

 

1. Introduction . 26

 

2. Biomass as a primary fuel 28

TPES - Total Primary Energy Supply 28

TFEC - Total Final Energy Consumption 30

Biomass . 31

Usage patterns by region 33

The Fuel Ladder . 37

Rural usage . 37

Urban usage 37

Future primary energy production and consumption 38

Bioenergy power generation 40

 

3. Benefits and constraints of bioenergy . 42

Factors encouraging the development of biomass energy 43

 

4. Biomass resources 44

Agricultural crops 45

Agricultural residues 45

Sugar industry wastes/Bagasse 46

Forestry crops . 47

Forestry residues 47

Cereal straw 47

Energy cropping . 47

Black liquor 48

Animal waste 48

Sewage . 48

Industrial waste 48

Municipal solid waste (MSW) . 49

 

5. Biomass conversion technologies . 51

Direct use 53

Combustion . 53

Cogeneration 53

Transformation 54

Electricity generation . 54

Conventional steam boiler 55

Co-firing . 56

Anaerobic digestion 58

Gasification . 59

Pyrolysis 60

Charcoal production 60

Briquetting and pelletizing 60

Modular systems 61

Biofuels for transportation 61

Bio-based products 61

Technology developments 63

 

6. Logistics 64

Prices 67

Freight 70

Price Indexes 73

Ocean Vessel Categories 73

Trade . 75

Barriers 87

Development 90

 

7. Competitiveness . 93

 

8. Investments 106

Clean Development Mechanism . 107

 

9. Biomass usage and technologies 111

Biomass electricity and heat 111

Biomass heat 111

MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) 121

South and Central America 166

Manufacture and competition 166

Future prospects . 166

Landfill gas . 167

Environment 167

Technology 168

Landfill gas market 169

EU 169

EU environmental regulations . 170

USA . 170

Developing Countries and CERs 174

Africa 174

China 174

Other East Asia and Pacific . 175

South West Asia 175

Latin America and the Caribbean 175

Market problems . 175

Future prospects for landfill gas 175

Biogas . 176

Biogas in the developing world 179

Specific countries and regions 181

Biopower . 200

Technology 202

Conventional steam cycle plant 202

Gasification and other advanced processes 202

Co-firing with fossil fuels 203

Advantages of co-firing . 203

Disadvantages of co-firing 203

Regional development 203

10. Regional and national biomass market and technology review 218

North America 218

Canada 219

Mexico . 234

United States . 236

Biomass Consumption by Energy Source and Use Sector 246

Electricity generation from biomass 248

Ownership . 256

Europe . 264

Electricity generation from biomass 268

National market characteristics in the EU . 299

Austria . 299

Belgium 306

Czech Republic 307

Denmark . 308

Finland 309

France . 314

Germany 320

Greece 326

Hungary 327

Ireland . 328

Italy 329

Netherlands 337

Norway 339

Poland . 341

Portugal 342

Slovakia 343

Spain 344

Sweden 348

Switzerland 354

Turkey . 355

United Kingdom 359

Non-OECD Europe 368

Bulgaria 370

Estonia 370

Latvia 370

Lithuania . 371

Romania . 371

CIS 371

Belarus 372

Russia . 372

Ukraine 375

Asia Pacific, major economies . 378

Australia . 379

China 402

India 416

Japan 426

Korea, South . 441

New Zealand . 442

Taiwan . 446

Asia Pacific, other countries 447

Bangladesh 449

Cambodia 451

Indonesia 452

Malaysia . 456

Myanmar 458

Nepal 459

Pakistan . 459

Philippines . 460

Sri Lanka 464

Thailand . 465

Vietnam 471

Latin America 473

Argentina 476

Brazil 476

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page 7

Chile 480

Cuba 480

Peru . 480

Middle East . 481

Africa 481

Democratic Republic of Congo 483

Ethiopia 484

Kenya 484

Nigeria . 484

South Africa 485

Tanzania 486

 

11. Companies 487

 

12. National Targets and Subsidies . 490

 

13. Environmental issues 510

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1992 . 510

Kyoto Protocol 510

Status of ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by Annex 1 countries . 512

The 'Hockey Stick Effect' and the 'Medieval Warming' 512

Comment on Climate Report 2001 and Paris Report 2007 514

USA environmental legislation 514

EU Environmental Directives 514

LCPD - Large Combustion Plant Directive . 515

ETS - Emissions Trading Directive 515

IPPC - Integrated Pollution Prevention & Control Directive 516

The EU Landfill Directive 516

Hazardous Waste Directive . 516

Incineration of Waste (2000/76/EC) (implemented December 2002) . 516

Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (94/62/EC) 516

End of Life Vehicles Directive (2000/53/EC) (implemented April 2002) . 516

The technology and other abatement measures for carbon dioxide – CO2 517

Carbon sequestration . 517

Sleipner Project 518

 

14. Comments on biomass statistics 520

 

15. Sources . 521

 

 

 

Tables

 

Table 2-1: Final energy projections (after transformation) including biomass by region, Mtoe

Table 4-1: Biomass resources

Table 5-1: Key figures and data for biomass-based technologies

Table 5-2: Technical features of biomass CHP or power

Table 5-3: Characteristics of coal-fired power plants

Table 6-1: Prices of pellets and chips in Denmark

Table 6-2: Breakdown of costs for wood pellets from port to Denmark (CIF Denmark), EUR per ton

Table 6-3: Breakdown of costs for wood pellets from port to Denmark (CIF Denmark), EUR per ton

Table 6-4: Maximum, minimum and the latest charter rates, USD per day

Table 6-5: Capacities of the Bulk Carrier Fleet Forecast Based on Order Books and Delivery Dates

Table 6-6: Dry bulk carriers and their use

Table 6-7: Economies of scale in bulk shipping

Table 6-8: Relationship between ship size, draught and port access

Table 6-9: Main solid biomass traded in Europe

Table 6-10: Overview of trade flows about or above 100,000 tonnes, 2009

Table 6-11: Pellet production, imports and exports for European countries, thousand m3, 2009

Table 6-12: Market Types and Characteristics, 2009

Table 6-13: Logistics for wood pellets into Europe

Table 6-14: Global wood pellets market, 2009

Table 7-1: Comparison of coal and wood pellets

Table 7-2: Fuel prices per kWh in the UK, excluding VAT, December 2010

Table 7-3: North West Europe biomass pricing, CIF Rotterdam, March 2010

Table 7-4: Industrial biomass delivery prices to 2012, CIF Europe

Table 7-5: Electricity price projections for the EU, EUR cent per kWh

Table 7-6: Estimated energy and fuel yields for different feedstocks

Table 7-7: Electricity generation costs for three bio energy resources

Table 8-1: Biomass projects registered with the Clean Development Mechanism fund or pending a

decision, 2010

Table 9-1: Biomass consumption in North American countries, ktoe, 1990 to 2009

Table 9-2: Biomass consumption in European countries, ktoe, 1990 to 2009

Table 9-3: Biomass consumption in the USA and Europe, ktoe, 2009

Table 9-4: Technology and risks involved for waste-to-energy plants

Table 9-5: Evolution of cost and technical performance for MSW combustion

Table 9-6: Comparison of total power generated from landfill and waste-to-energy technologies

Table 9-7: Landfill taxes and bans in Europe, September 2010

Table 9-8: Waste-to-energy fees in selected European countries

Table 9-9: Project structure for waste-to-energy projects

Table 9-10: History of renewables in the EU, 1991 to 2008

Table 9-11: Waste-to-energy plants in Europe, 2008

Table 9-12: Costs for waste-to-energy plants in selected European countries

Table 9-13: Development of energy production from incineration of MSW in Europe, ktoe, 1998 to

2008

Table 9-14: Development of European MSW electricity generation capacity, 1990 to 2008

Table 9-15: MSW plants treated with direct conversion to power generation in selected EU countries

Table 9-16: Gross electricity production from renewable municipal waste combustion in the European

Union, GWh, 2008 and 2009

Table 9-17: Heat production from renewable municipal waste combustion in the European Union in

the transformation sector, ktoe, 2008 and 2009

Table 9-18: Capacity development in selected EU countries

Table 9-19: Representative firms of the incineration sector in Europe

Table 9-20: Net generation from MSW biogenic and other biomass in the USA, 2005 to 2009

Table 9-21: Waste-to-energy facilities in operation in the United States, 2010

Table 9-22: Disposal methods for MSW in selected ASEAN countries

Table 9-23: Development of MSW electricity generation capacity in Japan, 1990 to 2008

Table 9-24: Suppliers of waste-to-energy technologies in India

Table 9-25: Incentives for the development of waste-to-energy projects in Australia

Table 9-26: Selected waste-to-energy facilities in Australia

Table 9-27: Net generation from landfill in the USA, 2005 to 2009

Table 9-28: Landfill gas projects in operation or being considered for development in the US,

February 2010

Table 9-29: Production of biogas in OECD regions, TJ, 2009

Table 9-30: Potential analysis of biogas resources in the livestock and poultry industry in China

Table 9-31: Central Government Investment in Biogas Development in Rural Areas in China, 2001 to

2008

Table 9-32: 'Family-type' biogas plants in India

Table 9-33: Biogas input into city gas pipelines and reduction of CO2 emissions

Table 9-34: Methane-Fermentation Projects Utilising Biomass in Japan

Table 9-35: Energy Recovery Methods from Sewage Sludge in Japan

Table 9-36: Primary biogas energy output in the European Union, ktoe, 2008 and 2009*

Table 9-37: Biomethane feed-in projects in Germany

Table 9-38: Biomethane feed-in projects elsewhere in Europe

Table 9-39: Gross biogas electricity output in the European Union, GWh, 2008 and 2009*

Table 9-40: Biogas heat output in the European Union in 2008 and 2009* in the transformation sector,

2008 and 2009**

Table 9-41: Representative firms of the methanisation sector in Europe

Table 9-42: Installed generating capacity from biomass for major countries, GW, 2009 and 2010

Table 9-43: Installed generating capacity from biomass in the OECD countries, MW, 2000 to 2008

Table 9-44: Installed generating capacity from biomass in the USA, MW, 2000 to 2008

Table 9-45: Installed generating capacity from biomass in OECD Europe, MW, 2000 to 2008

Table 9-46: Installed generating capacity from biomass in European countries, MW, 2000 to 2008

Table 9-47: EU Member State Biomass Plans as set out in the National Action Plans, MW

Table 10-1: Sawmill Production in Canada by Province, thousand m3

Table 10-2: Wood Pellet Plants in Canada

Table 10-3: Biomass CHP plants in Canada

Table 10-4: Comparison of the economics of heavy fuel and wood pellets in Canada

Table 10-5: Canadian provincial incentives for biomass

Table 10-6: Energy from MSW Biomass in Canada

Table 10-7: Wood pellet producers that are members of the Pellet Fuels Institute in the United States

Table 10-8: Wood pellet mills in the USA

Table 10-9: Biomass energy consumption by energy source and energy use sector in the United

States, trillion Btu, 2005 to 2009

Table 10-10: List of biomass power plants in the USA

Table 10-11: USA Industrial Biomass Energy Consumption and Electricity Net Generation by Primary

Purpose of Business and Energy Source, Trillion Btus and GWh, 2008

Table 10-12: Gross electricity production from solid biomass in the European Union in GWh in 2008

and 2009

Table 10-13: Feed-in tariffs for renewables across Europe, EUR per kWh, 1st April 2010

Table 10-14: Heat production from solid biomass in the European Union in Mtoe in 2008 and 2009* in

the transformation sector

Table 10-15: Comparison of different biomass sources for the EU

Table 10-16: Major characteristics of European pellet market types

Table 10-17: Wood pellets producers in operation in Europe

Table 10-18: Production of wood chips by country, thousand m3, 2000 to 2009

Table 10-19: Targets for Bio energy in Belgium

Table 10-20: Market price of supplied wood fuels, EUR per measure unit, 2009

Table 10-21: Biomass plants or projects under development in Germany, October 2010

Table 10-22: Number of pellet producers in Italy

Table 10-23: Biomass plants or projects under development in Italy, October 2010

Table 10-24: Characteristics of traditional and new raw materials for Swedish pellet production

Table 10-25: Biomass and co-fired power plants in operation in the UK

Table 10-26: Biomass plants or projects under development in the UK, October 2010

Table 10-27: Biomass commodity balance in 2009 in the UK, thousand tonnes of oil equivalent

Table 10-28: Estimated technical potential of biomass energy sources and for energy crop production,

TWh of primary energy

Table 10-29: Fuel prices and municipal boiler efficiency in the St Petersburg region

Table 10-30: Bulk industrial pellet prices, FOB and CPT Seaport St Petersburg, EUR per ton, 2003 to

2009

Table 10-31: Comparison of prices of natural gas and solid biofuels in the Ukraine

Table 10-22: Potential of biomass in the Ukraine

Table 10-33: Biomass plants in operation in the Ukraine

Table 10-34: Conception for the introduction of bio energy equipment until 2015 in the Ukraine

Table 10-35: Capacity of electricity generation from bio energy by state in Australia, MW, 2009

Table 10-36: Biomass power plants in operation in Australia, August 2010

Table 10-37: Proposed biomass power plants in Australia, August 2010

Table 10-38: Current and future bio energy resources in Australia

Table 10-39: Australian Biomass Resources

Table 10-40: Chinese biomass targets

Table 10-41: Major Biomass Power Stations in China

Table 10-42: Biomass in China

Table 10-43: Available for forest biomass for energy in China

Table 10-44: Development of installed biomass capacity in India, MW

Table 10-45: Tariff for biomass power and cogeneration in India

Table 10-46: Central financial assistance for biomass in India

Table 10-47: Capital subsidies for bagasse projects in India

Table 10-48: List of biomass gasifier manufacturers in India

Table 10-49: TGC Wood Biomass Power Contracted by SONY

Table 10-50: Raw material used by domestic mills in Japan

Table 10-51: Utilisation of woody biomass by different municipalities in Japan

Table 10-52: Present state and trend of biomass energy in Japan

Table 10-53: Amount of woody waste biomass generated and its fate in Japan

Table 10-54: Heat Utilisation of Woody Biomass in Local Areas of Japan

Table 10-55: Proof project for biomass-coal co-firing power generation using forestry residue

Table 10-56: Woody Biomass Co-firing Power Generation projects in Japan

Table 10-57: Use of EFB by Japanese Companies

Table 10-58: Main wood fuel producers in New Zealand

Table 10-59: Major power plants using EFB

Table 10-60: Renewable Energy Resources in Malaysia

Table 10-61: Biomass power plants in operation in the Philippines

Table 10-62: Outline of two big project plans for biomass power generation in the Philippines

Table 10-63: Thailand's National Alternative Energy Plan, 2008 to 2020

Table 10-64: Biomass plants in operation in Thailand

Table 10-65: Current State of Rice-Chaff-Burning Power Generation in Thailand

Table 11-1: Key suppliers of biomass plants

Table 12-1: Renewables targets and support schemes for biomass for European countries

Table 12-2: Renewables targets and support schemes for biomass for Non-European countries

Table 13-1: Key greenhouse gases affected by human activity

 

 

 

Figures

 

Figure 2-1: 2008 fuel shares in world total primary energy supply

Figure 2-2: Annual growth of renewable energy supply, 1990 to 2008

Figure 2-3: Annual growth of renewable energy supply, 1990 to 2008

Figure 2.4: 2009 share of total final consumption

Figure 2-5: World Total Final Energy Consumption) by fuel, Mtoe, 1970 to 2009

Figure 2-6: World primary energy demand by fuel in the New Policies Scenario

Figure 2-7: Production of biomass energy by type and region, 2008

Figure 2-8: Estimated biomass consumption in EU 15 countries, ktoe, 2009

Figure 2-9: Estimated biomass consumption in EU 15 countries and Switzerland, ktoe, 2009

Figure 2-10: Estimated biomass consumption in other European countries, ktoe, 2009

Figure 2-11: Final energy demand projections by fuel, Mtoe, 1980 to 2030

Figure 2-12: Electricity production by source, GWh, 1980 to 2008

Figure 2-13: Renewables in electricity production 2008

Figure 4-1: Regional level woody biomass potential

Figure 4-2: Estimated potential availability of bagasse, thousand tonnes

Figure 4-3: Technical and sustainable biomass supply potential and expected demand for biomass

(primary energy) based on global energy models and expected total primary energy demand in 2050

Figure 5-1: Status of major biomass technologies

Figure 5-2: Size of CFBC Boilers, MW, 1970 to 2010

Figure 5-3: Co-firing options

Figure 5-4: Biomass resources and conversion routes to produce bio energy

Figure 6-1: Global view on future biomass harvesting potential

Figure 6-2: Bio energy Trade 2009

Figure 6-3: Development of global wood pellet trade

Figure 6-4: FOEX Wood Pellets (Austria, AUT) price index, minimum 15 ton deliveries, EUR per ton

Figure 6-5: PIX Indexes Pellet Nordic, CIF Index History, EUR per MWh and SEK per MWh

Figure 6-6: Logistics for wood pellets

Figure 6-7: Typical supply curve for a given size of fleet

Figure 6-8: New build tanker prices, USD million

Figure 6-9: New build and 5-year Asset Values, US $ million, 2000 to 2010

Figure 6-10: Baltic Dry Index, 2000 to November 2010

Figure 6-11: Price development for bulk pellets for power production in Europe

Figure 6-12: Trading of refired biomass fuels in Europe

Figure 6-13: European wood pellet markets for heating and power production

Figure 6-14: Price developments for wood fuels in Europe

Figure 6-15: Distribution of wood pellets

Figure 6-16: Average growth rate of pellet demand, 2000 to 2008

Figure 6-17: Overview of the main barriers for increased utilisation and trade of solid biomass fuels as

perceived by traders in different EU countries

Figure 6-18: Cost of electricity per unit output from a biomass plant

Figure 6-19: Power from field sourced biomass in Alberta

Figure 6-20: Cost of power from biogas plants

Figure 6-21: Future vision on global bio energy

Figure 6-22: Pellet demand in Europe

Figure 6-23: Potential volumes of wood pellets in the market, 2010 to 2014, tonnes

Figure 7-1: Price history of woody biomass, heating oil and natural gas in Germany, EUR cent per 10

kWh (litre heating oil), 2003 to 2010

Figure 7-2: Long-term development of heating oil and pellet prices, EUR cent per kWh, 2000 to 2010

Figure 7-3: Price delivered wood pellet and coal prices CIF Rotterdam, EUR per GJ, August 2007 to

2010

Figure 7-4: Rotterdam coal swaps forward curve to 2013, USD per tonne

Figure 7-5: Carbon footprint of wood pellets from cradle to grave, kg CO2 emissions per GJ

Figure 7-6: Price of wood pellets in the UK with moisture content

Figure 7-7: Costs of electricity generated from renewables, USD cents per kWh

Figure 7-8: Costs of heating or cooling generated from renewables, USD cents per kWh

Figure 7-9: Costs of rural energy generated from renewables, USD cents per kWh

Figure 7-10: Average generation cost of a few renewable energy technologies, EUR per MWh

Figure 8-1: Global investment in renewables (annual), USD billion, 2004 to 2009

Figure 8-2: Global financial new investment quarterly trend, USD billion, Q1 2004 to Q2 2010

Figure 9-1: World use of biomass, ktoe, 2008

Figure 9-2: Transformation into electricity, heat and other fuel carriers, ktoe, 2008

Figure 9-3: Percentage transformation of bio energy into heat and electricity by OECD country, 2009

Figure 9-4: Heat production from biomass in the OECD region, TJ, 2009

Figure 9-5: Biomass consumption by region, ktoe, 1990, 2000, 2005, and 2009

Figure 9-6: Landfill gate fees in the USA, USD per ton, 2008

Figure 9-7: Growth of renewable energy from waste-to-energy for the EU 27, Terawatt hours (TWh),

2006 to 2020

Figure 9-8: Development of EU energy policies over time

Figure 9-9: Established waste policy in Europe

Figure 9-10: Fate of municipal solid waste in the EU, 2008

Figure 9-11: Energy production from the incineration of MSW in the EU-27, ktoe, 1998 to 2008

Figure 9-12: Primary energy production from renewable municipal waste combustion in Europe, ktoe,

2008 and 2009*

Figure 9-13: Composition of MSW in the US, 2008

Figure 9-14: Composition of 'waste' facilities in the USA, 2009

Figure 9-15: Generation of electricity from MSW biogenic and other biomass sources in the USA,

2008

Figure 9-16: US States involved in MSW imports or exports with Canada

Figure 9-17: Number of landfills in the United States, 1988 to 2008

Figure 9-18: Generation of electricity from landfill gas in the USA, MWh, 2008

Figure 9-19: Breakdown of production of biogas by region, TJ and %, 2008

Figure 9-20: Biogas production in selected countries, TJ, 2009

Figure 9-21: Number of installed family-use biogas plants in India, ten thousand units

Figure 9-22: Primary biogas energy output in the EU, ktoe, 2009*

Figure 9-23: Global electricity generation from biomass and waste, GWh 1970 to 2015

Figure 9-24: Global electricity generation from biomass in OECD and non-OECD countries, GWh,

1980 to 2008

Figure 9-25: Major countries electricity generated from biomass, GWh, 1980 to 2009

Figure 9-26: Electricity generated from biomass by region, GWh, 1980 to 2009

Figure 9-27: Global generating capacity by region, MW, 1990 to 2020

Figure 9-28: Global generating capacity from biomass and waste, MW, 1990 to 2020

Figure 10-1: Biomass and waste, and non-biomass renewables in North American countries, Mtoe,

2009

Figure 10-2: Installed biomass capacity in North America, MW, 1990 to 2020

Figure 10-3: Biomass and waste as a proportion of renewable primary energy supply in Canada,

Mtoe, 2001 to 2009

Figure 10-4: Biomass and waste, and non-biomass renewables in Canada, Mtoe, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-5: Composition of biomass supply in Canada, ktoe, 1900 to 2009

Figure 10-6: Location of wood pellet plants in Canada

Figure 10-7: Canadian Pellet Manufacturing thousand tonnes per annum

Figure 10-8: Generation of electricity from biomass in Canada, GWh, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-9: Dry Bulk Market Trends, time charter rates in USD per day, January 2000 - February

2009

Figure 10-10: Biomass and waste as a proportion of renewable primary energy supply in, Mtoe, 1990,

2001 to 2009

Figure 10-11: Composition of biomass supply in Mexico, ktoe, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-12: Generation of electricity from biomass in Mexico, GWh, 1980 to 2009

Figure 10-13: Biomass and waste as a proportion of renewable primary energy supply in the United

States, Mtoe, 2001 to 2009

Figure 10-14: Biomass and waste, and non-biomass renewables in the United States, Mtoe, 2002 to

2009

Figure 10-15: US FOB export prices in US dollars per tonne for industrial pellets by region, June 2010

Figure 10-16: Generation of electricity from biomass in the United States, GWh, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-17: Biomass Energy Resource Hierarchy

Figure 10-18: Generation of electricity from biomass in the USA, GWh, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-19: Generation of electricity from woody and woody waste sources in the USA, 2008

Figure 10-20: Location of biomass power plants in the USA

Figure 10-21: Top twelve owners of biomass power facilities in the US by capacity, MW

Figure 10-22: Biomass power plants in operation and under construction in the United States, MW,

2009

Figure 10-23: Top ten US states in terms of biomass power capacity under construction, MW, 2009

Figure 10-24: Planned capacity additions of wood-fuelled and other biomass power plants in the US,

MW, 2010 to 2014

Figure 10-25: Average size planned wood-fuelled and other biomass power plants in the US, MW,

2010 to 2014

Figure 10-26: Biomass and waste, and non-biomass renewables in Europe, ktoe, 1990, 2001 to 2009

Figure 10-27: Biomass and waste, and non-biomass renewables in Europe, Mtoe, 1990, 2002 to 2009

Figure 10-28: Supply of renewable energy and biomass in Europe, Mtoe, 2009

Figure 10-29: Primary energy supply and electricity generation from biomass and waste in Europe,

1990, 1995, 2000, 2006 to 2009

Figure 10-30: Generation of electricity from biomass in the EU 27 countries, GWh, 1980 to 2009

Figure 10-31: Installed biomass capacity in OECD Europe, MW, 1990 to 2020

Figure 10-32: Projections of new installed biomass demand and subsidies

Figure 10-33: Potential electricity generation from biomass in TWh in the EU by 2020

Figure 10-34: Biomass use in the EU and targets in 2020, 2030 and 2050

Figure 10-35: EU targets for heat, electricity and fuels, Mtoe to 2020

Figure 10-36: European wood pellets market

Figure 10-37: Biomass and waste as a proportion of renewable primary energy supply in Austria,

Mtoe, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-38: Biomass and waste, and non-biomass renewables in Austria, Mtoe, 1990, 2002 to 2009

Figure 10-39: Composition of biomass supply in Austria, ktoe, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-40: Generation of electricity from biomass in Austria, GWh, 1980 to 2009

Figure 10-41: Average annual pellet prices for consumers in Austria, (bulk delivery 6 Mt, 10% VAT

included), EUR per tonne, 2005 to 2009

Figure 10-42: Cumulative number of residential pellet boilers in Austria, 1997 to 2009

Figure 10-43: Generation of electricity from biomass in Belgium, GWh, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-44: Generation of electricity from biomass in the Czech Republic, GWh, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-45: Generation of electricity from biomass in Denmark, GWh, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-46: Biomass and waste as a proportion of renewable primary energy supply in Finland,

1990 to 2009

Figure 10-47: Composition of biomass supply in Finland, ktoe, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-48: Generation of electricity from biomass in Finland, GWh, 1980 to 2009

Figure 10-49: Biomass and waste as a proportion of renewable primary energy supply in France,

Mtoe, 2001 to 2009

Figure 10-50: Biomass and waste, and non-biomass renewables in France, ktoe, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-51: Composition of biomass supply in France, ktoe, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-52: Wood pellet production in France, million tonnes, 2001 to 2011/2012

Figure 10-53: Generation of electricity from biomass in France, GWh, 1980 to 2009

Figure 10-54: Biomass and waste as a proportion of renewable primary energy supply in Germany,

Mtoe, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-55: Biomass and waste, and non-biomass renewables in Germany, Mtoe, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-56: Wood pellet prices in Germany, EUR per tonne including 7% VAT, 2008 to March 2010

Figure 10-57: Pellet production capacity and production in Germany, thousand tonnes, 2006 to 2010

Figure 10-58: Composition of biomass supply in Germany, Mtoe, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-59: Generation of electricity from biomass in Germany, GWh, 1980 to 2009

Figure 10-60: Generation of electricity from biomass in Greece, GWh, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-61: Generation of electricity from biomass in Hungary, GWh, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-62: Generation of electricity from biomass in Ireland, GWh, 1990 to 2009

Figure 10-63: Biomass

 

 

 

To order this report:

Renewable_energy Industry: World Biomass Report

 

Contact Clare: clare@reportlinker.com
US:(339) 368 6001
Intl:+1 339 368 6001

 

 

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